Education Blogs Recognition of an antigenic protein of a pathogen or exposure to a...
Recognition of an antigenic protein of a pathogen or exposure to a pathogen occurs during many types of immune responses, including active immunity and induced active immunity. Specify the types of responses elicited when human beings get encountered by a pathogen.
● When our body encounters an antigenic protein or a pathogen for
the first time it produces a response which is of low intensity and
our body retains memory of the first encounter.
● The subsequent encounter with the same pathogen elicits a
highly intensified response carried out with the help of two special types of lymphocytes present in our blood, B3
lymphocytes, and T-lymphocytes.
● The B-lymphocytes produce an army of proteins in response to
these pathogens into our blood to fight with them. These proteins
are called antibodies. The T-cells themselves do not secrete antibodies but help B-cells produce them.