Indian state governments

Politics in India, or anywhere really, is a roller-coaster ride, well-equipped with its set of twists and turns. Take, for instance, the case of Jammu & Kashmir. Who would’ve thought two parties as different as Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Jammu and Kashmir People’s Democratic Party (PDP) would join hands to form a government? Well, certainly nobody before 2016. But, BJP ended up extending its support to PDP, and the alliance lasted for over two years.

It is, as they say, nothing is impossible when it comes to politics. The sphere keeps on changing, with alliances forging and breaking every day. The recent years have been no exception. Want to find out more? Read on.

States and their governments

Collecting and winning votes is a game of pleasing. And certainly, that’s no easy task. That is precisely why you’ll rarely see a single party attaining an absolute majority in the country. The end result is- alliances and coalitions. Sometimes even between parties that share no mutual ideologies. In a few other cases, the unexpected ruling comes into power, take BJP in Meghalaya, for instance. The party only had two states in the assembly elections but managed to bring it under NDA’s ruling by joining hands with National People’s Party (NPP).

Multiple other states are being governed by alliances and coalitions. We bring to you, a list of States and their coalition governments:

Indian state and their governments map

States and their governments

 

Sr. No.

State

Ruling

Chief Minister/Party

1

Andhra Pradesh

TDP

N. Chandrababu Naidu/TDP

2

Arunachal Pradesh

BJP

Pema Khandu/BJP

3

Assam

NDA (BJP’s share above 50%)

Sarbananda Sonowal/BJP

4

Bihar

NDA (BJP’s share under 50%)

Nitish Kumar/JD(U)

5

Chhattisgarh

INC

Bhupesh Baghel/INC

6

Goa

NDA (BJP’s share more than 50%)

Manohar Parrikar/BJP

7

Gujarat

BJP

Vijay Rupani/BJP

8

Haryana

BJP

Manohar Lal Khattar/BJP

9

Himachal Pradesh

BJP

Jai Ram Thakur/BJP

10

Jammu & Kashmir

N/A

N/A (President’s rule)

11

Jharkhand

BJP

Raghubar Das/BJP

12

Karnataka

UPA (INC’s share more than 50%)

H. D. Kumaraswamy/JD(S)

13

Kerala

LDF

Pinarayi Vijayan/CPI(M)

14

Madhya Pradesh

INC

Kamal Nath/INC

15

Maharashtra

NDA (BJP’s share above 50%)

Devendra Fadnavis/BJP

16

Manipur

BJP

N. Biren Singh/BJP

17

Meghalaya

NDA (BJP’s share under 50%)

Conrad Sangma/NPP

18

Mizoram

NDA (BJP’s share under 50%)

Zoramthanga/MNF

19

Nagaland

NDA (BJP’s share under 50%)

Neiphiu Rio/NDPP

20

Odisha

BJD

Naveen Patnaik/BJD

21

Punjab

INC

Amarinder Singh/INC

22

Rajasthan

UPA (INC’s share above 50%)

Ashok Gehlot/INC

23

Sikkim

NDA (BJP’s share under 50%)

Pawan Kumar Chamling/SDF

24

Tamil Nadu

AIADMK

Edappadi K. Palaniswami/AIADMK

25

Telangana

TRS

K. Chandrashekhar Rao/TRS

26

Tripura

BJP

Biplab Kumar Deb/BJP

27

Uttarakhand

BJP

Trivendra Singh Rawat/BJP

28

Uttar Pradesh

BJP

Yogi Adityanath/BJP

29

West Bengal

AITC

Mamata Banerjee/AITC

 

NDA: National Democratic Alliance

UPA: United Progressive Alliance

 

Overview

In December 2018, the states of Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh were won over from BJP by the Indian National Congress. On the other hand, the party’s grip loosened over Mizoram, which fell into NDA’s lap, with the Mizo National Front coming out as the largest party. With 2019 Lok Sabha elections right around the corner, parties have swung into action once again. Talks of coalitions- both for Lok Sabha and upcoming Vidhan Sabha elections have already begun.

So, how would the colours of our national map change this time around? We’ll have to wait and see.

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Summary
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States and their coalition governments
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India's 29 states and their current governments.