Gurgaon

Gurgaon was once a sleepy town of national capital region. Nowadays, it has become a hub of multinational companies, call centers, software companies, shopping malls and skyscrapers. It is located to the west of New Delhi and is a satellite town of NCR in Haryana. The city has become a symbol of emerging India, prosperity, globalization, outsourcing, glitzy lifestyle, and rapidly developing real estate market.

The major multinationals want to establish their corporate houses in Gurgaon. Gurgaon is dotted with many global giants such as Microsoft, Oracle, Sapient, American Express, IBM, Price Waterhouse Coopers, McKinsey and Company, Google, GE, eFunds, Convergys, WNS, Nortel, Dell, Ericsson, Motorola, HP, SAP, Fidelity, Honeywell, Panasonic Corporation, Ranbaxy Laboratories, UHG, AMD, RBS, Alcatel, Avanade, Bank of America, InterGlobe technologies, Sitel, HSBC, Keane, and McAfee etc. It is also the manufacturing base of Maruti Suzuki and Hero Honda groups.

Gurgaon offers word class amenities like high-rise apartments, private parking areas, sanitation, uninterrupted power and water supply, shopping malls, discos, pubs, eating joints and multiplexes. The job opportunities and the quality of life in Gurgaon, make it a favorite destination of the youth in India. Government of Haryana has arranged for power backup, sanitation, highways, flyovers, banks and other infrastructural support for Gurgaon. The connecting roads to New Delhi have been broadened to clear the traffic bottlenecks. Gurgaon has also been connected via the Metrorail network. The eight-lane toll expressway is also being extended to smoothen the traffic from and towards Delhi.

Gurgaon city has derived its name from the famous character of Mahabharata, Guru Dronacharya. The city was given to the Guru by his royal pupils and it was called Gurugram. During the reign of Emperor Akbar, it was under the state of Agra and Delhi, and it was included in the British Empire in 1803. In 1857, it was included in the state of Punjab and later on, in 1979 Faridabad was separated from Gurgaon, whereas tehsils of Ballabhgarh and Palwal were included in it.

After the liberalization of 1991, Gurgaon saw an unexpected rise in the industry and real estate sectors. It was so huge that people started comparing Gurgaon with southern city of Bangalore. Most of the original inhabitants of Gurgaon are ahirs, jats, sainis, and gujjars. Gurgaon is also home to many Punjabi migrants post partition.

Reliance Venture and Haryana government are going to set up a multi product special economic zone SEZ in Gurgaon. The total budget for this project is Rs.3000 crores and the Japanese companies like Mitsubishi and Panasonic are awarded large contracts to setup manufacturing and logistics facilities for the special hundred square kilometers economic zone. This ambitious project is expected to create around 1.5 million new jobs.

DLF is the largest real estate company in Gurgaon. Initially it bought land from farmers and constructed housing apartments and multistory buildings for office purposes.
Gurgaon is also a center of telecom companies such as Airtel, Nokia, Motorola, Alcatel, and Ericsson etc. Nowadays Unitech Group and Tata Housing are also contributing towards the development of real estate sector in Gurgaon apart from the DLF Universal. The office locations near Delhi airport and the National Highway 8 are much cheaper than the office spaces in Bangalore or Mumbai and that is the reason it has been the preferred location for the multinational companies to set up their offices. There are more than 40 shopping malls, of which Mall of India is the biggest.

The Indo-Israel Training Academy has set up a security training and intelligence college in Gurgaon to train the youth of India to combat terrorism. Indraprastha Institute of Management is a prominent management college based in Gurgaon. "The Fun and Food Village" is an amusement park where joy-rides, water pools and water-rides are available. Gurgaon is linked to New Delhi, Jaipur, Faridabad, Sonepat, Rewari, Chandigarh, and UP towns by road network and trains. Indira Gandhi international Airport is barely 15 km away from Gurgaon on Delhi Gurgaon Expressway.

Number of Malls also have their presence in the city.

Last Updated on 07 April 2013