On this Day in History


Raja Ramanna, an eminent nuclear scientist who played a key role in carrying out India’s first nuclear device test in Pokhran in 1974, was born on January 28, 1925 in the then princely State of Mysore. He was introduced to Western classical music at a young age and this would remain a lifelong passion. Recalling his childhood in an interview... Read More →
The Imperial Bank of India, which became the State Bank of India after independence, came into existence on January 27, 1921. The history of modern banking in India can be traced back to 1806 when the Bank of Calcutta was established. In 1809 it was re-named Bank of Bengal. Then in the 1840s the Bank of Bombay and Bank of... Read More →
In India, almost every citizen recognises 26 January as Republic Day. However, very few know about another reason why this date is significant. Exactly 20 years before our first Republic Day, on 26 January 1930, the Indian National Congress, in an electrifying resolution, declared Purna Swaraj — complete freedom from the British Raj. From then on, it was a question... Read More →
Nestled in the lap of the great Himalayan range, Himachal Pradesh, India’s 18th state, came into being on 25 January 1971. Bordering the Indian states of Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana and Uttarakhand and the Tibet Autonomous Region, Himachal Pradesh has an area of 55,670 square kilometres and a population of around 7 million (2011 census). The history of the... Read More →
One of India’s greatest musicians, Pandit Bhimsen Joshi was born on 4 February 1922 in Dharwad, the district in present-day Karnataka that has given birth to many musical legends. He died on 24 January 2011 in Pune. His father, Gururaj Joshi, was a teacher. His paternal grandfather, Bhimacharya, was a musician. As a child, Bhimsen loved hearing his mother’s bhajans.... Read More →
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, a Congress leader-turned-Indian nationalist hero who controversially courted Germany and Japan and courageously led an underprepared but determined force to fight the British during World War 2, was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, which was then a part of the Bengal Province. The ninth of 14 children of Prabhavati Devi and advocate Janakinath Bose,... Read More →
The Second Anglo-Sikh War of 1848-1849 was one of the last major military conflicts between the East India Company and an important Indian power before the 1857 revolt, and resulted in the annexation of the Punjab by the British. The siege of Multan, that ended on 22 January 1849 was a turning point in the war, and victory for the... Read More →
Rashbehari Bose, a revolutionary Indian leader who sought Japanese help in fighting against the British and was instrumental in establishing the Indian National Army, was born on May 25, 1886. He died on January 21, 1945. Bose, known as a “master of disguises”, was born in Subaldaha, a village in Burdwan, Bengal. He studied in Chandannagar. He participated in revolutionary... Read More →
Parveen Babi, a glamorous and popular Indian actress of the 1970s and early 1980s — a time when the media and society were much more judgemental of women in the film industry who came across as ‘westernized’ in the public eye — was born on April 4, 1949. She died on January 20, 2005 after recurrent battles with mental illness that... Read More →
An Indian spiritual teacher who had followers from around the world, Acharya Rajneesh was born Chandra Mohan Jain on December 11, 1931 in a village in Madhya Pradesh’s Raisen district. Variously known as Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Osho and Bhagwan, he died on January 19, 1990 in Pune. The eldest of 11 children of Babulal and Saraswati Jain, Rajneesh was raised... Read More →
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FAQs and Answers on Indian History and Geography
Which States Share Boundary with China? India, in total, shares land borders with 6 sovereign countries. China is one of those. Below are the Indian states which share borders with the country. 1. Jammu and Kashmir This northern state of India is mostly located in the Himalayan mountains. It shares a… Read More...
Which States Share Boundaries with Pakistan? There are four states that share a border with Pakistan, namely, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat. The India Pakistan Border is quite intriguing. Since India has installed 1,50,000 flood lights on… Read More...
Which Places in India Still Largely Speak Sanskrit? Sanskrit is considered as Dev Bhasha, the language of Gods. It has a history of around 3500 years. It used to be a primary language of ancient India. Its earliest form Vedic Sanskrit, was prevalent from 1500 500 BCE. However, it is fading… Read More...



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