On this Day in History


“From the year . . . [1504], when Kabul was conquered, until this date [1526] I had craved Hindustan. Sometimes because my begs (high-ranking officers) had poor opinions, and sometimes because my brothers lacked cooperation, the Hindustan campaign had not been possible and the realm had not been conquered.”

— Emperor Babur, on conquering India, in his memoirs 

In… Read More →

Nara Chandrababu Naidu, president of the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and chief minister of Andhra Pradesh between 1995 and 2004, was born on 20 April 1950 in the Chittoor district of the state.

He was the eldest child of Karjoora Naidu, a farmer, and Ammannama. He had two younger sisters. Not educated himself, Karjoora Naidu ensured that his children got a… Read More →

Edward James Corbett, better known as Jim Corbett, a British hunter who became a famous conservationist and writer, was born in Nainital, now a town in the state of Uttarakhand’s Kumaon region. He died on 19 April 1955 in Kenya.

His parents, Willam Christopher and Mary Jane Corbett, had come to Nainital in 1862, where Christopher had the job of… Read More →

An important figure in the 1857 revolt, Ramachandra Pandurang Tope, better known as Tatya Tope, was born in 1814 in the present-day Nashik district of Maharashtra. He was killed on 18 April 1859. Though most historical texts say he was executed by the British, Tatya Tope’s descendents have claimed in recent years that he died fighting the British.

Tatya Tope’s… Read More →

Nisargadatta Maharaj, an Indian spiritual guru who taught the philosophy of Advaita (Nondualism), was born on 17 April 1897.

As a child he was originally called Maruti Shivrampant Kambli.

Born in Bombay, he was raised in a village in present-day Maharashtra’s Ratnagiri district. He had four sisters and two brothers. His father, who worked in Bombay as a domestic help, died… Read More →

Nandalal Bose, an influential Indian painter belonging to the Bengal School of Art, was born on 3 December 1882 in the Munger district of present-day Bihar to a Bengali family. He died on 16 April 1966.

His father, Purnachandra, worked at the Darbhanga Estate. Nandalal got interested in images from an early age as his mother, Kshetramonidevi, would make toy… Read More →

One of the great saints of medieval India and the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru, was born on 15 April 1469 at a time when large swathes of north and central India were ruled by the Lodhi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. When he died 70 years later, the Mughals had seized power in India.

His… Read More →

Today is Ambedkar Jayanti, the day when the principal architect of the Constitution of India was born. Ambedkar stands tall among the influential figures of Indian history, and spent his life opposing caste and social discrimination in India. In recognition of his efforts, he was appointed the first Law Minister of independent India.

Read more about this pioneer of the… Read More →

Balraj Sahni, one of the finest actors to have graced the Hindi film screen, was born Yudhisthir Sahni on 1 May 1913 in Rawalpindi (now part of Pakistan) to a Punjabi family. He died on 13 April 1973.

As a youngster he studied Hindi and English literature in university, and worked as a teacher at Shantiniketan (Bengal) and for the… Read More →

Singanalluru Puttaswamayya Muthuraju, better known as Rajkumar, a legend of Kannada cinema, was born on 24 April 1929 to a Kannada-speaking family. He died on 12 April 2006. ‘Annavaru’—or ‘respected elder brother’, as he was called fondly by millions of fans—acted in some 200 films in a career spanning five decades.

His birthplace was Gajanur in Tamil Nadu, then a part… Read More →

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FAQs and Answers on Indian History and Geography
How many states are there in India? There are 29 states and 7 union territories in India. The states have their own government while the union territories are governed by the central government. The states are namely, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar,… Read More...
Which cities in India have the metro railway system? The Metro railway system and service are operational in 10 cities in India. These are Kolkata, Delhi, Bengaluru, Gurugram, Mumbai, Chennai, Jaipur, Kochi, Hyderabad, and Lucknow. The Kolkata Metro rail is the… Read More...
Which states in India have less population than Delhi? Delhi has a population of approximately 18.6 million people, as per the latest census. Delhi's area is much less as compared to many states and Union territories in India. But in… Read More...