On this Day in History


On July 18th 1947, the India Independence Act 1947 was given the royal assent and came into force. The India Independence Act was a United Kingdom act of parliament which separated British India into two new dominions of India and Pakistan. Pakistan came into being on August 14th 1947 and India on August 15th of the same year.… Read More →

On July 17th 1996, M. Karunanidhi, the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu announced in the state assembly that the state capital of Madras would from then on be known as Chennai.

 

The name Madras was originally given to an area comprising of the present state of Tamil Nadu… Read More →

On July 16th 1856, the remarriage of Hindu widows was legalized across all jurisdictions under the rule of the East India Company.

 

Hindu widows for many years were subject to extreme hardships including the practice of sati, a social funeral practice, which required a widow to immolate herself on… Read More →

On July 15th 1955, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s first Prime Minister, was awarded the Bharat Ratna (India’s highest civilian honour) by then President Rajendra Prasad.

 

Pandit Nehru is remembered not only as India’s first Prime Minister, but also as India’s most charismatic leader who was greatly admired, not only… Read More →

On July 14th 1636, Aurangzeb was appointed the Viceroy of Deccan by his father and Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.

 

Aurangzeb, the son of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal, was the sixth Mughal Emperor of India. Under the rule of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire stretched from Ghazni to Chittagong and from… Read More →

On July 13th 1830, the Scottish Church College was established by popular Indian religious and social reformer, Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Alexander Duff, a Christian missionary in India. The school had a humble beginning with only five students.

 

Located in Kolkata (then Calcutta), the Scottish Church College is… Read More →

Bahlol Khan Lodi, founder of the Lodi Dynasty, died in Delhi on July 12th 1489.

 

Bahlol Khan was of Afghan descent and belonged to a family of traders. He was recognized as a renowned warrior and was also the governor of Sirhind (Punjab). Khan came to power after the… Read More →

On July 11th 2000, noted Punjabi writer Amrita Pritam was honoured with the highest award for Punjabi literature, the Shatabdi Samman.

Amrita Pritam remains one of the most popular figures in Punjabi literature today and was a Punjabi writer and poet and is considered as one of the most prominent among poets, novelists and… Read More →

 On July 10th 1806, the Vellore mutiny broke out against the British by south Indian soldiers at Vellore (now in Tamil Nadu).

 

The Vellore Mutiny was the first large-scale mutiny by Indian soldiers against the British, setting the stage for the 1857 mutiny. Even though this mutiny was short… Read More →

 The Bombay Stock Exchange, also known as the BSE Ltd, was formed in Mumbai (then Bombay) on July 9th 1875.

The BSE Ltd, the oldest stock exchange in Asia had a very humble beginning under a Banyan Tree in Mumbai’s town hall. The stock exchange was started by four Gujaratis and one Parsi and… Read More →

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FAQs and Answers on Indian History and Geography
Which is the longest National Highway in India?Previously known as National Highway 7, National Highway 44 (NH 44) is the longest-running National Highway in India. It is 3,745 km long and covers the North-South Corridor of NHDP. It starts from Srinagar in the north and ends in Kanyakumari in the south. NH-44… Read More...
Which Indian state is the largest producer of silk?Karnataka is the largest producer of silk in India. The state produces an average of around 8,200 metric tonnes of silk every year, which is about one-third of the total silk production in India. Up to November 2017, Karnataka has produced 5,962 metric tonnes of… Read More...
Which is India's poorest state? As per the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 (NFHS-4), Bihar is India's poorest state with 43 percent incidence of Multidimensional Poverty (MDP) and having more than 50% households in the bottom wealth quintile. Despite India being… Read More...



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