Gujarat is the Western most state of India. It is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, and it shares its borders with Madhya Pradesh in the east, by Rajasthan in the north and northeast and by Maharashtra in the south and south-east. Gujarat has a common frontier with Pakistan at the northwestern fringe and is an international border. Gujarat was formed in the year 1960; carved out of the 17 northern districts of Bombay state when that was split on a linguistic basis (Marathi-speaking). Gujarat is an industrially advanced state, and although it is not a popular tourist destination among foreigners, it still holds an important place in India. The people of Gujarat are also known to be a thriving business community.
The history of Gujarat can be traced back to almost 3,500 years ago. The archaeological findings at Lothal near Dhandauka in Ahmedabad district and Razdi in Saurashtra give proof of the Harappa and Mohenjodaro civilisation.
The capital of Gujarat is Gandhinagar, and its largest city is Ahmedabad. The population of Gujarat State is 6.04 crores as per 2011 Census. The state covers an area of 1,96,024 sq km. Gujarat is the 7th largest state in India in terms of area. The literacy rate is 79.31 per cent. The language spoken here is Gujarati. The state is renowned for its holy temples (Dwarkadheesh temple, Somnath temple), wildlife sanctuaries, beaches, hill resorts and fascinating colourful handicrafts.
The best time to visit Gujarat is between October and March.
The 33 districts of Gujarat are Ahmedabad, Amreli, Anand, Aravalli, Botad, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Chhota Udaipur, Dahod, Dang, Devbhoomi Dwarka, Gandhinagar, Gir Somnath, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Kutch, Mehsana, Mahisagar, Morbi, Narmada, Navsari, Panchmahal, Patan, Porbandar, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar, Tapi, Vadodara and Valsad.
The biggest district in this state in terms of area is Kutch District which has Bhuj as its city headquarters. The district covers 45,652 sq km of the total area in the state and the population density in the district is 46 square km.
Gandhinagar is the smallest district in terms of area in Gujarat. The total area covered by the district is merely 649 sq km. The presence of Gandhinagar, the state capital after which the district is named makes it, the district with most population density of 660/km2. The total population in the district is 1,387,478.
The most populated of all the districts in the state is the Ahmedabad District which also is the 8th most populous district in India. The district shares its borders with Mehsana in the North, Surendranagar in the West, Kheda in the East and Bhavnagar in the South.
Dang district is the least populated district in the state. Around 226,769 people live in the district as per the 2011 Census. The district extends to 1,764 sq km in area.
Valsad district is located to the Southern-most end of the state of Gujarat, and it covers an area of around 3,034 sq km. Valsad district shares its border with Navsari District to the North.
Navsari district is located in an area of 2,211 sq km.
Jamnagar district located on the Southern Coast of the state of Gujarat covers an area of around 14,125 sq km.
The district map of Gujarat will show you the all the districts demarcated clearly in grey dotted lines and all the district headquarters are marked in grey circles.
Some of the Major Cities in Gujarat:
Places to Visit in Gujarat
- Laxmi Vilas Palace - Baroda
- Kevadia Colony (Sardar Sarovar Dam)
- Somnath Temple - Near Veraval
- Dwarakadheesh Temple of Lord Krishna - Dwarka
- Haji Pir Dargah - Kutch
- Gir Forest National Park - Junagadh
- Lothal - near Ahmedabad
- Dholavira - Kutch
- Saputara Hill station – Dang district
- Kirti Mandir - Porbandar
Gujarat State Information
|Date of formation||1. May. 1960|
|Chief Minister||Vijay Rupani|
|Tourist attractions||Gir NP, Somnath Temple, Dwarka, Palitana|
|Festivals||Navratri, Kite Festival, Kutch Utsav|
|Major dance and music forms||Dandiya Raas, , Garba dance, Tippani, Padhar Dance|
|Arts and crafts||Bandhani or tie-and-dye fabric; woven Patola fabric; rich embroidery by the Rabari tribals including Soof embroidery.|
|Size||196,244 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||60439642|
|Rivers||Sabarmati, Mahi, Narmada, Tapti, Banas, Saraswati, Damanganga|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries.||Gir NP, Wild Ass Sanctuary Kutch, Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, Velavadhar NP, Vansda NP|
|State animal||Asiatic Lion|
|State bird||Greater flamingo|
|Major crops||Groundnuts, cotton, tobacco|
|Factoids||It is possible to climb down the richly-carved step-wells or vavs of Gujarat.|
|The ancient fort Uparkot was first built by the Mauryas.|
|No. of District||33|
Maps in Other Regional Languages
All Civil Services Examination aspirants out there! Learn more about the Indian geography on our resource- oriented platform, Maps of India.Last Updated on : July 09,2020