Map of Bihar

separator Click here for Customized Maps arrow custom map
Map of Bihar Pashchim Champaran Purba Champaran Sheohar Sitamarhi Muzaffarpur Vaishali Patna  Nalanda Nawada Aurangabad Gaya Bhojpur Buxar Rohtas Haimur ( Bhabua) Saran Siwan Gopalganj Arwal Jehanabad Sheikhpura Lakhisarai Begusarai Khagaria Bhagalpur Munger Banka Jamui Samistipur Darbhanga Madhubani Saharsa Supaul Madhepura Purnia Katihar Araria Kishanganj UTTAR PRADESH JHARKHAND WEST BENGAL BANGALADESH NEPAL BHUTAN
Print Email Save
*Map showing major roads, railways, rivers, national highways, etc. Disclaimer
Location Map of BiharBihar District MapRiver Map of Bihar Bihar Road Network MapBihar Rail Network Map

About Bihar



Located in the Eastern part of India, Bihar is the 13th largest state of the country. The state covers an area of 99,200 square km. On 15 November 2000, the southern part of Bihar was split to form the state of Jharkhand. Bihar is divided into 37 districts and has Patna as its capital.

History of Bihar



The state has a rich history and culture which dates back to ancient times. It was once a great center of learning and many a powerful empires originated from here. It was also the centre of Buddhism as the religion originated from here. During the (sixth centuries BCE to fourth centuries BCE) Mahajanpadha era or 'the period of the Vedas', Magadha (region in Bihar) was one of the 16 kingdoms that existed in ancient India. But, it soon came to encompass the other kingdoms and by the time of Mauryas, especially Ashoka who was the greatest Emperor of India, its extent had spread to include parts of Iran and Afghanistan.

Located in Gaya district, Bodh Gaya is associated with the revered sage Buddha as it was here that he gained enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree. Some prominent Universities of ancient Bihar were Nalanda Odantapurā or Odantapuri and Vikramashila. During the medieval ages, Bihar went into decline with the advent of the muslim rulers. Following the battle of Buxar, Bihar passed under the British rule and became a part of Bengal Presidency. In 1912, Bihar, along with Orissa became a separate province. Following India's independence in 1947, it became a part of independent India.

Economy of Bihar



Today, Bihar has one of the fastest growing economies in terms of gross state domestic product. Mainly an agricultural economy, the state is the largest producer of vegetables in the country. It also holds the distinction of being the country's second largest producer of fruits. The state has also made progress in the industrial sector with an oil refinery in Barauni and a power plant in Muzaffarpur. A satellite town located in the Patna Metropolitan Region, Fatuha is well known for its farm tractor and scooter industries. Other than this, Bihar is also known for its agriculture-based industries such as sugar and vegetable oil and its famous coal mines at Dhanbad.

Places of attraction



Bihar is a fascinating tourism destination and is known for its monuments and relics dating from the ancient to the medieval times. Some treasures worth visiting in the state are the Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, Barabar Caves- the oldest rock cut caves, Vikramshila Monastery, Buddha Smriti Park, ruins of the ancient city of Vaishali, Bodhi Tree and the Mahabodhi Temple. Takht Sri Patna Sahib was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in honour of Guru Gobind Singh Ji who was born in Patna.

Language of Bihar



The official languages of the state are - Hindi and Urdu. The other languages that are spoken by people in the state are Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magahi, Bajjika (dialect of Maithili), and Angika (considered as one of the oldest languages of the world) Of these other languages; the government of India recognises only Maithili.

Education in Bihar



Bihar is home to many educational institutes. Some prominent educational institutes in the state are National Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Management, National Institute of Fashion Technology, and AIIMS. Some other prime institutes are Aligarh Muslim University, Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Bihar Agricultural University, B. R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Mahatma Gandhi Central University, and Patna University, to name a few.

Bihar State Information

CapitalPatna
Date of formation26/01/50
GovernorSatya Pal Malik
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
Tourist attractionsRajgir, Nalanda, Vaishali, Pawapuri, Bodh Gaya, Vikramshila, Gaya, the ancient city of Patliputra
FestivalsChatth Puja, Sama-Chakeva, Nag Panchami
Major dance and music formsJat-Jatin dance of the Mithila region, Bidesia, the songs of Vidyapati, Chau Tribal dances
Arts and craftsMadhubani painting; Madhubani's marsh `sikki. Grass is used to make baskets, toys, dolls etc; Sujini kantha embroidery is a specialisation of Bihar.
LanguagesHindi, Urdu, Santhali
Size94,163 sq. km
Population (Census 2011)104099452
RiversKosi, Ganga, Saryu, Gandak, Kamla, Panar, Saura, Pun-pun
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesValmiki NP, Rajgir WS, Bhimbandh WS, Gautam Buddha WS, Udayapur WS
State animalBullock
State birdhouse sparrow
State flowerMarigold
State treePeepal
Major cropsPaddy, wheat, maize
FactoidsA peepal or Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya marks the spot where Buddha achieved Enlightenment.
 Nalanda University, a seat of Buddhist learning, was founded around the 5th century AD.
No. of District38


Maps in Other Regional Languages



All Civil Services Examination aspirants out there! Learn more about the Indian history and geography on our resource- oriented platform, Maps of India.






Last Updated on : February 6, 2019



     


     

Which is the Coldest Place in India?Drass is the coldest place in India. The town is located in Jammu and Kashmir's Kargil District. It falls on NH 1 between Kargil town and Zoji La pass. It is famously called the 'the Gateway to Ladakh'. The climate here is of mediterranean continental… Read More...
Which is the Only Indian State That Was a Separate Country?Sikkim was once an independent country before India claimed it on May 16, 1975. Before that, it was a monarchy and was ruled by Chogyals (kings). The last Chogyal of Sikkim was Palden Thondup Namgyal. He had interests in keeping Sikkimas an independent unit, just… Read More...
What are the Major Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Floods Happened in India in the 21st Century?India has had a large number of calamities over the period of time. There have been many in the 21st century itself. Let's discuss the major earthquakes, floods, and tsunamis in the country which claimed thousands of lives and caused huge losses of property. There… Read More...


EU GDPR Update:
MapsofIndia has updated its Terms and Privacy Policy to give Users more transparency into the data this Website collects, how it is processed and the controls Users have on their personal data. Users are requested to review the revised Privacy Policy before using the website services, as any further use of the website will be considered as User's consent to MapsofIndia Privacy Policy and Terms.
We follow editorialcalls.org for border and boundary demarcations