Map of Bihar

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Map of Bihar Pashchim Champaran Purba Champaran Sheohar Sitamarhi Muzaffarpur Vaishali Patna  Nalanda Nawada Aurangabad Gaya Bhojpur Buxar Rohtas Haimur ( Bhabua) Saran Siwan Gopalganj Arwal Jehanabad Sheikhpura Lakhisarai Begusarai Khagaria Bhagalpur Munger Banka Jamui Samistipur Darbhanga Madhubani Saharsa Supaul Madhepura Purnia Katihar Araria Kishanganj UTTAR PRADESH JHARKHAND WEST BENGAL BANGALADESH NEPAL BHUTAN
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Location Map of BiharBihar District MapRiver Map of Bihar Bihar Road Network MapBihar Rail Network Map

About Bihar

Located in the Eastern part of India, Bihar is the 13th largest state of the country. The state covers an area of 99,200 square km. On 15 November 2000, the southern part of Bihar was split to form the state of Jharkhand. Bihar is divided into 37 districts and has Patna as its capital.

History of Bihar

The state has a rich history and culture which dates back to ancient times. It was once a great center of learning and many a powerful empires originated from here. It was also the centre of Buddhism as the religion originated from here. During the (sixth centuries BCE to fourth centuries BCE) Mahajanpadha era or 'the period of the Vedas', Magadha (region in Bihar) was one of the 16 kingdoms that existed in ancient India. But, it soon came to encompass the other kingdoms and by the time of Mauryas, especially Ashoka who was the greatest Emperor of India, its extent had spread to include parts of Iran and Afghanistan.

Located in Gaya district, Bodh Gaya is associated with the revered sage Buddha as it was here that he gained enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree. Some prominent Universities of ancient Bihar were Nalanda Odantapurā or Odantapuri and Vikramashila. During the medieval ages, Bihar went into decline with the advent of the muslim rulers. Following the battle of Buxar, Bihar passed under the British rule and became a part of Bengal Presidency. In 1912, Bihar, along with Orissa became a separate province. Following India's independence in 1947, it became a part of independent India.

Economy of Bihar

Today, Bihar has one of the fastest growing economies in terms of gross state domestic product. Mainly an agricultural economy, the state is the largest producer of vegetables in the country. It also holds the distinction of being the country's second largest producer of fruits. The state has also made progress in the industrial sector with an oil refinery in Barauni and a power plant in Muzaffarpur. A satellite town located in the Patna Metropolitan Region, Fatuha is well known for its farm tractor and scooter industries. Other than this, Bihar is also known for its agriculture-based industries such as sugar and vegetable oil and its famous coal mines at Dhanbad.

Places of attraction

Bihar is a fascinating tourism destination and is known for its monuments and relics dating from the ancient to the medieval times. Some treasures worth visiting in the state are the Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, Barabar Caves- the oldest rock cut caves, Vikramshila Monastery, Buddha Smriti Park, ruins of the ancient city of Vaishali, Bodhi Tree and the Mahabodhi Temple. Takht Sri Patna Sahib was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in honour of Guru Gobind Singh Ji who was born in Patna.

Language of Bihar

The official languages of the state are - Hindi and Urdu. The other languages that are spoken by people in the state are Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magahi, Bajjika (dialect of Maithili), and Angika (considered as one of the oldest languages of the world) Of these other languages; the government of India recognises only Maithili.

Education in Bihar

Bihar is home to many educational institutes. Some prominent educational institutes in the state are National Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Management, National Institute of Fashion Technology, and AIIMS. Some other prime institutes are Aligarh Muslim University, Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Bihar Agricultural University, B. R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Mahatma Gandhi Central University, and Patna University, to name a few.

Bihar State Information

Date of formation26/01/50
GovernorPhagu Chauhan
Chief MinisterNitish Kumar
Tourist attractionsRajgir, Nalanda, Vaishali, Pawapuri, Bodh Gaya, Vikramshila, Gaya, the ancient city of Patliputra
FestivalsChatth Puja, Sama-Chakeva, Nag Panchami
Major dance and music formsJat-Jatin dance of the Mithila region, Bidesia, the songs of Vidyapati, Chau Tribal dances
Arts and craftsMadhubani painting; Madhubani's marsh `sikki. Grass is used to make baskets, toys, dolls etc; Sujini kantha embroidery is a specialisation of Bihar.
LanguagesHindi, Urdu, Santhali
Size94,163 sq. km
Population (Census 2011)104099452
RiversKosi, Ganga, Saryu, Gandak, Kamla, Panar, Saura, Pun-pun
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesValmiki NP, Rajgir WS, Bhimbandh WS, Gautam Buddha WS, Udayapur WS
State animalBullock
State birdhouse sparrow
State flowerMarigold
State treePeepal
Major cropsPaddy, wheat, maize
FactoidsA peepal or Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya marks the spot where Buddha achieved Enlightenment.
 Nalanda University, a seat of Buddhist learning, was founded around the 5th century AD.
No. of District38

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Last Updated on : July 09,2020