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Andaman and Nicobar Islands Map

Map of Andaman and Nicobar Island

Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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The Andaman and Nicobar Islands



The Andaman and Nicobar Islands make one of the seven union territories of India with Port Blair as its capital. It is a group of more than 570 islands located on the Bay of Bengal. Of these, only 38 are permanently inhabited. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are divided into two island groups, the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands, which are separated by the 10°N parallel. As indicated in the map, the Andaman Sea lies to the east of these islands and the Bay of Bengal to the west. The southernmost point of India, Indira Point, is located in the Great Nicobar Island. The archipelago comprises North Andaman, South Andaman, Middle Andaman and Little Andaman in the Andaman group of islands. The Nicobar group of islands comprises Great Nicobar, Nancowry, Car Nicobar, Chowra and Katchal. This region experiences tropical climate and 92% of its area is forested.

The Andaman and Nicobar region is home to the only known Paleolithic people living today who have little or no contact with the outside world. The highest point of Andaman islands is Saddle Peak which stands at 732 metres height and that of Nicobar is Mount Thullier (642 metres).These islands span an area of 8,249 square kilometers out of which, 8,211 square kilometers is rural. The major tribes inhabiting this place are the Onge, Jarawa, Sentinelese, Great Andamanese, Nicobarese and Shompen tribes. The major religion of these indigenous inhabitants is animism. According to this religion, the sole deity responsible for everything that happens in the world is Paluga.

The Andaman islands are located on the primordial trade route connecting India to Myanmar,. These islands were first visited by the navy brigade of East India Company in 1789. In 1872, Andaman Islands were connected to the Nicobar Islands by the British for administrative purposes. These islands were occupied by the Japanese during the Second World War. Andaman and Nicobar Islands became the union territory of India in 1956.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a breathtaking archipelago with exotic beaches blessed with coral reefs and amazing marine life. Once used as an isolated prison by the British empire to punish Indian freedom fighters, these 'Emerald Islands' are a famous international tourist destination today. It has a range of state-of-the-art hotels and accommodations to cater to its booming tourism industry.

The landscape here is extraordinarily exquisite and makes for a dream holiday destination away from the hustle-bustle of the city life. This group of islands is a glorious destination for nature admirers and adrenaline junkies alike. Some of the islands in Andaman and Nicobar are hilly in places, covered with tropical jungle and with flat stretches of beaches. Adventure tourism like trekking, island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving are the prime attractions here.

Some of the places to see in Andaman and Nicobar Islands are Cellular Jail, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Neil Island, Havelock Island, Long Island, Water Sports Complex, Fisheries Museum, Chidiya Tapu, Mount Harriet, Samudrika Museum, Anthropological Museum, Indira Point, Car Nicobar and Katchal. It is also famous for Barren Island, its only active volcano.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands State Information

CapitalPort Blair
Date of formation1. Nov. 1956
Lt. GovernorLt. General A. K. Singh
Tourist attractionsCellular Jail, Ross Island, Havelock Island, Marine Museum
FestivalsAndaman and Nicobar Tourism Festival, ethnic tribal festivals
LanguagesHindi, Nicobarese, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu
Size8,249 sq. km
Population (Census 2011)380,381
State animalDugong (Sea Cow)
State birdAndaman Wood Pigeon
State treeAndaman Padauk
Major cropsPaddy, coconuts, nuts, banana, mango
FactoidsIt is located in the Bay of Bengal.
It is composed of 572 Islands.
No. of District 3


Last Updated on : January 16, 2017