The Andaman and Nicobar Islands
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands make one of the seven union territories of India with Port Blair as its capital. It is a group of more than 570 islands located on the Bay of Bengal. Of these, only 38 are permanently inhabited. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are divided into two island groups, the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands, which are separated by the 10°N parallel. As indicated in the map, the Andaman Sea lies to the east of these islands and the Bay of Bengal to the west. The southernmost point of India, Indira Point, is located in the Great Nicobar Island. The archipelago comprises North Andaman, South Andaman, Middle Andaman and Little Andaman in the Andaman group of islands. The Nicobar group of islands comprises Great Nicobar, Nancowry, Car Nicobar, Chowra and Katchal. This region experiences tropical climate and 92% of its area is forested.
The Andaman islands are located on the primordial trade route connecting India to Myanmar,. These islands were first visited by the navy brigade of East India Company in 1789. In 1872, Andaman Islands were connected to the Nicobar Islands by the British for administrative purposes. These islands were occupied by the Japanese during the Second World War. Andaman and Nicobar Islands became the union territory of India in 1956.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a breathtaking archipelago with exotic beaches blessed with coral reefs and amazing marine life. Once used as an isolated prison by the British empire to punish Indian freedom fighters, these 'Emerald Islands' are a famous international tourist destination today. It has a range of state-of-the-art hotels and accommodations to cater to its booming tourism industry.
The landscape here is extraordinarily exquisite and makes for a dream holiday destination away from the hustle-bustle of the city life. This group of islands is a glorious destination for nature admirers and adrenaline junkies alike. Some of the islands in Andaman and Nicobar are hilly in places, covered with tropical jungle and with flat stretches of beaches. Adventure tourism like trekking, island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving are the prime attractions here.
Some of the places to see in Andaman and Nicobar Islands are Cellular Jail, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, Neil Island, Havelock Island, Long Island, Water Sports Complex, Fisheries Museum, Chidiya Tapu, Mount Harriet, Samudrika Museum, Anthropological Museum, Indira Point, Car Nicobar and Katchal. It is also famous for Barren Island, its only active volcano.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands State Information
|Date of formation||1. Nov. 1956|
|Lt. Governor||Lt. General A. K. Singh|
|Tourist attractions||Cellular Jail, Ross Island, Havelock Island, Marine Museum|
|Festivals||Andaman and Nicobar Tourism Festival, ethnic tribal festivals|
|Languages||Hindi, Nicobarese, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu|
|Size||8,249 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||380,381|
|State animal||Dugong (Sea Cow)|
|State bird||Andaman Wood Pigeon|
|State tree||Andaman Padauk|
|Major crops||Paddy, coconuts, nuts, banana, mango|
|Factoids||It is located in the Bay of Bengal.|
|It is composed of 572 Islands.|
|No. of District||3|
Last Updated on : January 16, 2017