Infrastructure of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Infrastructure of Andaman and Nicobar Islands might not be state of the art in comparison to other states and Union Territories but still it has got the required infrastructure to support the existing industries.

The main elements of infrastructure of any place are its industries, transport, communication, etc.

The main component of infrastructure at Andaman and Nicobar Islands is its transport system. In this regard, it can be said that the transport system of the islands group have improved a lot and is moving towards more betterment. The Motor Transport Department of Andaman and Nicobar Islands have extended their services to ten other islands apart from Port Blair while the State Transport Services is plying 143 buses on 75 routes. Though the transport network in the southern islands were hit badly by the tsunami that came on 26th December 2004, some of them have been restored while some of them are in the process of re-storage because transport is the main mode by which all the island groups are connected.

Another significant element of Andaman and Nicobar Islands infrastructure are the different industries that contribute to the economy of the Union territory. All total there are 1763 small scale village and handicrafts industries operating in the island group. Out of these only 2 are into exports. These are fish or prawn processing units. Then there is a public sector unit namely Andaman and Nicobar Islands Integrated Development Corporation which operates in various fields including Fisheries, Industrial financing and Tourism.

Infrastructure around Andaman and Nicobar Islands also relies on agriculture. Out of the total land area (comprising all the islands) of 51694.35 hectares, 5891.01 hectares of land is used for plantations and 2177.70 hectares of land for paddy and field crops thereby making the total area of land under cultivation 8068.71 hectares. The main money making crops for the island groups are Areca nut and Coconut which are grown in the Nicobar Islands.

Since Andaman and Nicobar Islands are one of the largest tourist spots in India, the need for development of infrastructure of Andaman and Nicobar Islands has risen due to the growing tourism. More means of transport that including airways, seaways and roadways need to be developed.

Last Updated on: 2nd April 2013