Who can be regarded as personalities?
People who have excelled in any field like literature, industry, religion, cinema, politics, art, music and dance etc. and contribute or have contributed to a country's prosperity and fame are regarded as personalities.
Has India got any personality?
The country of India, being rich in its culture has got numerous personalities in each and every field. Be it in literature or cinema, politics or culture, from time immemorial, they have and have been continuously contributing to the nation's fame.
Most eminent personalities of Indian Independence
Though several people deserve to be called as personalities of Indian Independence, but the two most prominent among them are Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
Mahatma Gandhi or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is known for his significant contribution to the Indian Independence movement. Commonly called "Bapu" or the "Father of the Nation", Gandhiji propounded the philosophical theory of "Non-violence" or "Ahimsa" and "Truth Force" or "Satyagraha".
When and where was Mahatma Gandhi born?
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869. This famous personality was born to Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi of Porbandar town in the present state of Gujarat.
Early life of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi completed his schooling in Porbandar where his family stayed. Post his marriage with Kasturba Gandhi at the age of 13 years and after completing his university education, he sailed to England in the year 1888 for pursuing a degree in law. After returning to India in 1891, he accepted the job offer from a South Africa based Indian Law Company in 1893. During his 20 year's stay in South Africa, Gandhiji fought against the appalled treatment provided to the Indian immigrants based there. After several imprisonments, finally the government of South African decided to agree on to many of his demands in 1914.
Significant contributions of Mahatma Gandhi in India's Independence
Mahatma Gandhi's advocacy of "Non-violence" and "Satyagraha" had a major contribution towards the freedom of India from the 200 years' old British rule. Besides these, his strict honesty and truthfulness helped him stick to his ideals. His activities and movements based on his principles of Satyagraha and Ahimsa gradually took the country towards its independence. The most prominent movements among them are:
- Non Co-operation Movement:
Non Co-operation Movement is the first non-violent protest among the series. Though the movement did not gain much success, still this nationwide movement of boycotting everything related to British awakened Indians to go against the foreign rule.
- Civil Disobedience Movement:
Civil Disobedience Movement, a more active movement than the Non Co-operation Movement, aimed at ending the British rule through the withdrawal of every support. It even included the famous Salt Satyagraha Movement when Gandhiji carried out the Dandi march against Salt tax.
- Quit India Movement:
The Quit India Movement was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1942 with a goal to make the British Government negotiate with the leaders in India. The well-known slogan "Do or Die" was implemented then.
- Indian Independence Movement:
The Quit India Movement led to the intensification of the Indian Independence Movement. It brought together all the Indians to fight against a common cause, which was foreign rule. This finally led to the freedom of India on 15th August, 1947.
When did Mahatma Gandhi die?
One of the renowned personalities of India, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30th January, 1948 at the age of 78 years.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Besides being one of the leading personalities of India, Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of the independent Indian Republic. During 1930s and 1940s, Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the chief figures of the Independence Movement in India. The establishment of parliamentary government helped him gain fame for his "neutralist" strategies in overseas affairs.
When and where was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru born?
Jawaharlal Nehru, affectionately called Panditji was born to a Pandit family of Kashmiri origin on 14th November, 1889 in Allahabad of Uttar Pradesh. His father was Motilal Nehru, an advocate and a wealthy politician and his mother was Swaroop Rani.
Early life of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who was a barrister by profession, gained his education from both India and Britain. Post completing his education in India, he joined the Trinity College in Cambridge, where he was called Joe Nehru. After his return to India in the year 1912, he got married to Kamala Kaul on 7th February, 1916 when she was of 16 years age. Their daughter Indira Priyadarshini, who was later famously known as Indira Gandhi was born in the year 1917.
What Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was famous for?
Apart from being the longest-serving and first Indian Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is known for his formulation of socialist policies, which still influence the country. Those principles even reveal the socialist basis of his worldview. In the year 1929, he presided over the annual session of National Congress held in Lahore. Panditji was one of the leading personalities of the Indian freedom struggle. Pandit Nehru rose to become the President of Congress of India under the guidance of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He played an important role in Mahatma Gandhi's Non-Cooperation Movement. Jawaharlal Nehru, a radical and charismatic leader advocated India's complete independence from the British Raj. Besides being an eminent political figure, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was a great orator. His speech of "Tryst with Destiny" during the onset of India's independence at midnight of 14th August, 1947 is famous all over the world.
When did Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru die?
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, owing to a heart attack, breathed his last breath on 27th May, 1964 in New Delhi in India at the age of 74 years.
Last Updated on 17/04/2013