The deserts in the world are divided into three types.
- Subtropical deserts - they are the hottest deserts with dry terrain and rapid evaporation rate.
- Cool coastal deserts - the average temperature in these deserts is much cooler because of cold offshore oceanic currents.
- Cold winter deserts - they are striking with harsh temperature differences ranging from 38°C in summers to -12°C in winters.
|Sahara||9,400,000 km2||Egypt, Algeria, Eritrea, Chad, Libya, Mauritania, Mali, Morocco, Sudan, Niger, Tunisia, Djibouti and Western Sahara||The world's largest hot desert. The desert climate is very extreme with scorching days and frigid nights.|
|Kalahari||930,000 km2||Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.||It's a huge semi-arid sandy savannah.|
|Libyan||1,100,000 km2||Eastern Libya, northwestern Sudan and southwestern Egypt.||This desert is mostly sandy or stony plain.|
|Nubian||400,000 km2||northeastern Sudan||It's an arid region with virtually no rainfall and oases.|
|Danakil||150,000 km2||northeast Ethiopia, south Eritrea and Djibouti||It's known as the "Cruelest Place on Earth" the desert is known for its extreme heat and in-hospitability atmosphere.|
|Rub al Khali||650,000 km2||Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen.||The largest sand desert in the world. The desert is the most oil-rich site in the world.|
|Syrian||500,000 km2||Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia.||It's also known as the Syro-Arabian. The desert is very rocky and flat.|
|An Nafud||103,600 km2||Saudi Arabia||It's known as the great arc of reddish sand desert in central Saudi Arabia.|
|Ad Dahna||650,000 km2||Saudi Arabia||With frequent sandstorms the desert is known for its sudden violent winds.|
|Thar||200,000 km2||India, Pakistan||It is largely a barren region of shifting sand dunes, scrub flora and a rural economy.|
|Great Victoria||424,400 km2||Australia||It's the largest desert in Australia.|
|Great Sandy||284,993 km2||Australia||It's the second largest desert in Australia|
|Simpson||176,500 km2||Australia||It's a large area of dry, red sandy plain and dunes|
|Gibson||155,000 km2||Australia||It is the home of Aboriginal Indigenous Australians, Red Kangaroos and Emu.|
|Sonoran||311,000 km2||United States, Mexico||The desert has basins, plains, mountain ridges & is home to the Saguaro cactus.|
|Mojave||124,000 km2||United States||Although the desert is sparsely populated, several cities can be found here, including the largest 'Las Vegas'.|
|Sechura||188,735 km2||Peru||The desert is composed of equatorial dry forests.|
|COLD WINTER DESERTS|
|Great Basin||492,000 km2||United States||It's the largest United States desert.|
|Patagonian||670,000 km2||Argentina and Chile||It is the largest desert in Argentina and is the 7th largest desert in the world.|
|Karakum / Garagum||350,000 km2||Turkmenistan||As the name says 'black sand', the area has significant oil and natural gas deposits.|
|Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum||298,000 km2||Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.||Important natural-gas deposits are found in this red sand desert.|
|Taklamakan||337,000 km2||People's Republic of China||The desert has very little water making it is hazardous to cross.|
|Gobi||1,300,000 km2||People's Republic of China and Mongolia||It is the largest cold winter desert and is made up of diverse geographic regions based on difference in climate and topography.|
|Leh / Ladakh||86,904 km2||India||Scant rainfall makes Leh/Ladakh a high-altitude desert with extremely scarce vegetation.|
|COOL COASTAL DESERTS|
|Atacama||140,000 km2||Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Argentina||It is the driest desert in the world. The land is often compared with the land on the planet Mars.|
|Namib||81,000 km2||Angola, Namibia and South Africa.||Most of the precipitation is from fog from the Atlantic Ocean. Unusual species of plants and animals are found only in this desert.|
Last Updated on : 30/05/2013