Facts About India

India is a South-Asian country that borders the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. It is located on the geographical coordinates of 20 00 North and 77 00 East.

The total area covered by India is 3,287,590 sq km out of which the land covers 2,973,190 sq km and the water bodies cover 314,400 sq km. The fast facts about India are very helpful in knowing the country, its land and people. India enjoys a temperate climate in the north and tropical monsoon type of climate in the south. Agriculture is the mainstay of more than 60% of the Indian population. Rest is employed in industrial and services sectors.

Given below are some quick facts about India:
  • India achieved independence on 15th August, 1947.
  • The country shares its boundary with Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Nepal and China.
  • The highest point is Mount Kanchenjunga and the lowest point is Indian Ocean.
  • India has got a long coastline of 7,000 kilometers.
  • The natural resources of India include coal, manganese, bauxite, petroleum, limestone, natural gas, iron ore, etc.
  • One of the most important information about India is that the population as per the 2007 report is 1,129,866,154. The rate of the growth of population is 1.61%.
  • The ethnic groups in India as per 2000 report include Indo-Aryan (72%), Dravidian (25%), Mongoloid and others (3%).
  • The various religions of the country are Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism and other.
  • Hindi being the national language, there are 14 other official languages in India.
  • India has got a well-knitted transport system through airways, waterways, roadways and railways.

Some other facts on India include:
  • India is a democratic country with a federal republican type of government.
  • The nation has got 28 states and 7 union territories.
  • The capital of India is New Delhi.
  • The republic day is celebrated on 26th January.
  • The constitution was adopted on 26th January, 1950.
  • A person is entitled to vote after attaining 18 years of age.
  • India has got a multi-party system.
  • Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister of India.

India Facts


Some interesting and amazing facts about India

Interestingly, India was one of the richest countries on earth before the British invaded in the early 17th century and, is one of the first countries in the world where diamonds were found.

Indian railways is the world's largest employer with over a million people employed.

Sanskrit is one of the earliest known languages in the world and a member of the Indo-European family of languages, from which most modern European languages have originated.

The world's largest pilgrimage destination, even larger than Rome or Mecca is located in India in the city of Tirupathi, Tamil Nadu. This 10th century old Vishnu temple has the reputation of collecting $6 million (US) as donation from around 30,000 people who visit this temple every day.

India is the birthplace of four major religions of the world, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. Islam is the second largest religion of both India and the world. Interestingly, there are 300,000 active mosques in India which is the highest in comparison to any other country including the Muslim world. India is home to both Jews and Christians who have harmoniously lived in this country since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively.

The University of Takshila was the World's First University established in 700 B.C. The popularity of this learning centre was such that around 10,500 students from various destinations worldwide travelled to this city to study the range of over 60 subjects taught at this university.

Over 6,000 years ago the skill of navigating? or navigation was first developed in India by navigators sailing on the Sindh river. The word navigation gets its name from the Sanskrit word "navgatih" and navy from the word "nou".

Aryabhatta the Indian Mathematician was the first to develop the concept of Zero "0", "Place Value System" and the "Decimal System" in 100 B.C. In the 6th century, ?Budhayana?, another Indian Mathematician was the first person to calculate the value of "pi". He did this much before any mathematicians in Europe. Bhaskaracharya very correctly calculated the time (365.258756484 days) taken by the Earth to orbit the sun, long before Western astronomers.

The thirteenth century Indian poet Saint Gyandev is credited for creating the famous game of Snakes and Ladders. The ladders denote virtues and the snakes, vices in the game. With time the game incorporated several modifications; nevertheless, the original meaning remains unchanged i.e. good deeds take you to heaven and evil to a cycle of rebirths. Chess which was originally called "Chaturanga" was invented in India. The meaning of "Chaturanga" is "four members of an army".

Ironically, India has the largest network of post offices in the world. Yet, for a letter to take at least two weeks to cover a distance of just 30 miles is not very unusual in India.

The bridge located at the highest altitude ?in the world can be seen in the Ladakh valley in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. The bridge - called the Baily Bridge? - is located between the Suru and Dras? rivers which flow down from the high Himalayas. The Indian Army constructed this bridge in 1982.

The highest cricket ground in the world is located in Chail, Himachal Pradesh, on what was once a hilltop. This cricket ground was laid out in 1893 after a hilltop was levelled?. This cricket pitch is located at a height of 2444 meters above mean sea level.

The ancient city of Varanasi visited by Lord Buddha in 500 B.C. is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world today.

12 million tons of mangoes are grown in India every year which is equivalent to the weight of 80,000 blue whales.

There are more than a million Indians who are millionaires, yet a large section of the Indian population live on less than two dollars a day. 35 per cent of people in India live below the poverty line.?

The names of some of the Indians who hold prominent places in the international arena are - Vinod Khosla the co founder of Sun Microsystems, Vinod Dahm the creator of the Pentium chip, Sabeer Bhatia the founder and creator of Hotmail and Rajiv Gupta the GM of Hewlett Packard.

Last but not the least, just to get a better idea about the population situation of India - the number of births that takes place in India every year is higher than the total population of Australia!

India since times immemorial has been a subject of inquisitiveness of millions across the globe. Let's have a look at some of the important India Information presented below.

Things to Know about Geography of India

  • India happens to be the seventh largest country in the world occupying an area of 32,87,590 sq km
  • India is four times the size of Pakistan, 12 times the size of UK and 8 times the size of Japan.
  • The mainland of India stretches from longitudes 68 degree 7' and 97 degree 25' east and latitudes 8 degree 4' and 37 degree 6' north.
  • India shares its borders with; Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, Myanmar Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh.
  • India lies entirely in the northern and eastern hemispheres.
  • India witnesses Tropical monsoon type climatic conditions
  • In case of plant diversity India holds the tenth position in the world and the fourth place in Asia
  • India's variety of fauna crosses almost 89,451 species.
  • Ganga is the longest river in India
  • Chilka is the largest lake in India
  • The Telephone Country Code of India is +91
  • India's coastline includes Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep Islands and the mainland 7,516.6 km
  • The first Special Economic Zone was established in Kandla in Gujarat in the year 1965

Things to Know about History of India

  • India is the largest and oldest civilization in the world
  • India holds the record of not invading any other country in the last 10000 years of her history.
  • India is the largest democracy in the world.
  • Varanasi is believed to be the oldest city in the world that is inhabited till today.
  • The Number System was invented in India.
  • The first university in the world was established in Takshashila, India in the year 700BC.
  • Sanskrit is known as the mother of all European languages.
  • The Vedas was written in 1400 BC
  • The Upanishads, was written between 800-600 BC
  • Buddhism was born in India in 500 BC
  • The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama
  • Jainism was founded in India in 500 BC by Mahavira
  • In the year 1526 the Mughal Empire was established by Babur in India
  • The Taj Mahal was built in the year 1628 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
  • The Indian National Congress was formed in the year 1885
  • The Amritsar Massacre took place on 13 April 1919
  • Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on 30 January 1948
  • In the year 1940 Muhammad Ali Jinnah proposed the demand for a separate country for Muslims, which would be called Pakistan
  • Ayurveda which is the earliest school of medicine in the world was born in India 2500 years ago.
  • India was a very rich country till the British invasion.
  • Chess was invented in India.
  • The four major religions of the world today Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism were all born in India

Scientific and Technical Development of India

  • India is among the only three countries in the world that manufacture supercomputers, the other two are US and Japan
  • India happens to be one of the six satellite launching countries.
  • The decimal and place value system were developed in India in 100 BC.
  • The famous Pythagorean Theorem was discovered in India in the 6th century by Budhayana, much before the European mathematicians.
  • India is home to the second largest pool of software developers only after the U.S.

Some other striking Facts about India

  • India happens to be the largest English speaking country in the world.
  • India is home to the second largest pool of Engineers and Scientists in the World.
  • The Bombay stock exchange is one of the biggest in the world. It includes more than 6,600 companies.
  • The pharmaceutical industry in India is the second largest in the world, after China.
  • India is the largest producer of milk in the world
  • India is among the top five producers of tea, silk, spices, sugar, cotton, rubber, coffee and fish.
  • The Indian railway system, happens to be the largest employer in the world, it provides employment to more than a million people
  • The most number of post offices in the world are found in India
  • India is the 11th largest economy in the world in terms of GDP
  • 700 million people in India use mobile phones
  • The Agriculture sector accounts for 25 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
  • Almost 70 per cent of the total population of the country is dependent on agriculture.
  • India is the largest producer of banana in the world.
  • India happens to be the largest exporter, producer, processor and consumer of cashew nuts in the world.
  • India is responsible for 10 per cent of the total fruit production in the world
  • Coal is a major source of energy in India it caters to almost 67 per cent of the country's commercial requirement.
  • RBI is the only authority in India that can issue currency notes
  • Orissa is one of the major producers of Graphite in India
  • The country's largest news agency is Press Trust of India (PTI)
  • India is home to 184 ports out of which 12 are very important.

Last Updated on : July 7, 2014