Jamshedpur Geography

A study of Jamshedpur geography reveals that the district covers an area of 3533 square kilometers. Jamshedpur occupies about 2.03% of the total area of Jharkhand.

An estimate of Jamshedpur geography is as follows:
  • Latitude - 22°12' to 23°12' North Latitude
  • Longitude - 86° 04' to 86° 54' East Longitude
  • Maximum temperature - 40° to 45°C
  • Annual rainfall - 1200 to 1400 mm
The physiography of Jamshedpur establishes that the is a part of the Chhota Nagpur plateau. The region is formed of the sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks belonging to the Dharwarian period. The Dalma range, an important feature in the topography of Jamshedpur, extends from west to east and is covered with dense forests.

The geography of Jamshedpur also features a number of rivers. In fact, Jamshedpur is located at the confluence of Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers. Subarnarekha is the principle river of Jamshedpur, which flows from west to south eastern part of the territory. Many small rivers, especially the tributaries, join the Subarnarekha river of this area.

The altitude of Jamshedpur varies between 700 to 3100 feet above the sea level. Another important feature of the physiography of Jamshedpur is that the region is rich in minerals. Jamshedpur is one of the important iron and steel producing regions in India. In fact, Jamshedpur is called the 'Pittsburgh of India'. Among the important minerals found in Jamshedpur are:
  • Copper
  • Iron Ore
  • Gold Kynite
  • Uranium
Vegetation and forests also seem to be an important part of the geography of Jamshedpur. Jamshedpur is characterized with the deciduous type of forest. The forest cover in Jamshedpur includes about 33% of the total land area. Some of the trees found in Jamshedpur are:
  • Palash
  • Bamboo
  • Gamhar
  • Sal
  • Mahua
Shrubs and grass also form a major part of the vegetation in Jamshedpur.

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Last Updated on 24/06/2013