Languages of Jamshedpur

Bengali, Santhali, Oriya and Hindi are some of the important languages of Jamshedpur. In Jamshedpur, the languages spoken in the territory originates from three different stocks, namely Dravidian family of languages, Munda family of languages and the Indo-Aryan stock.

Ho, Santhali, Mundari, Bhumji, Kharia and Mahili are the languages that belong to Munda family of languages. The languages of Jamshedpur belonging to the Dravidian family of languages comprise of Tamil, Telegu, Oraon and Gondi. The languages such as Hindi, Guajarati, Nepali, Marwari, Punjabi, Bengali, Oriya and Urdu belong to the Indo-Aryan stock. It is noteworthy that due to the cosmopolitan nature of the population of Jamshedpur, we also come across a number of European languages in Jamshedpur.

Santhali is among the principle languages spoken in Jamshedpur. Santhali originated from the Austro-Asiatic stock. Santhali is a dialect of Munda language and written using Ol Chiki alphabets. During the British period, Santhali was written in Roman script but it is written in Devanagari script nowadays. It is noteworthy that Santhali has many similarities with the Bengali language. Santhali seem to be phonetically similar to Bengali. Therefore, we also come across many Santhali writers writing in Bengali.

Last Updated on 24/06/2013



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