Puri Geography



A study of Puri geography reveals that Puri is divided two natural regions, the littoral tract and the level alluvial tract.

The littoral tract of Puri is a sandy ridge that is said to be an accumulation of the wind blown sand. The width of the littoral tract varies from 6.5 kilometers to a few hundred meters. It stretches along the sea coast and forms the dividing line separating the Chilka Lake and the Ocean.

The level alluvial tract is a region that covers the villages and the rice fields. The rice fields of the level alluvial tract are watered by a number of channels that mainly comprises of the distributaries of the river Mahanadi. Through the rice fields, the distributaries make their way towards the sea.

The physiography of Puri also boasts of a sea-coast bay. The sea-coast of Puri is about 150.4 kilometers in length. It is marked by sandy ridges that stretch into Ganjam and Jagatsingpur. The sandy ridges are formed due to the strong monsoon currents that blow over the area for about 8 months. The ridges that vary in width from 7 kilometers to a few meters prevent the rivers of Puri from draining into ocean.

Puri geography is incomplete without a reference to the drainage system of Puri. An estimate of the drainage system of Puri is as follows:
  • Daya
  • Prachi
  • Bhargabi
  • Kushabhadra
  • Kadua
Besides, the geography of Puri also features:
  • Islands - Although, we do not come across any island in Puri; yet it noteworthy that Chilka Lake is separated by a group of Islands from the Bay of Bengal.
  • Lakes - The Chilka Lake and the Sar Lake are two important lakes of Puri.


Last Updated on : 20/06/2013