People of Mizoram

People of Mizoram primarily include several tribal communities that have inhabited the hilly terrains for several decades. Popularly known by the name of Mizos, the people of Mizoram are deft in various handicrafts work. According to the historic records, Tibetan, Burmese and Chinese people had a great influence on the lifestyle and behavior of core groups of Mizoram.

The major tribes that are found in the land of Mizoram are Dulien, Ralte, Poi, Jahao, Pankhup, Lakher, Paite, Falam, Tangur, Khuangli, Dalang, Sukte, Fanai, Leillul and Mar. All of these tribes are known to exist in Mizoram ever since this hilly landscape came into existence. Apart from main tribal groups Mizoram people are divided into different sub-tribes too. Some of the sub-tribes of Mizoram include Lakhers, Pawis and Lushais.

The culture of Mizoram has been immensely enriched by the diverse communities of people who live in this region. From the arts and crafts to festival every socio-cultural domain of Mizoram indicates the rich heritage of the people of the place.

Most of the people of Mizoram belong to Christian faith. This is due to the fact that in the ninth century Mizoram became a dominion of the British missionaries. With the development of the Mizo language in the form of Roman script the people got access to full-fledged education. Today the literacy rate of Mizoram is counted as one of the highest in the entire country.

Symbolizing one of the oldest traditions, people of Mizoram are proud to have preserved their inherent cultural and social dynamism with full grace and success.


Mizos are the core inhabitants of Mizoram who have adopted the religion of Christianity. The British missionaries who visited Mizoram in the 9th century had great influence on the social norms of the people of the place. The term Mi connotes to people and Zo means hills. Hence the combination of Mizo indicates people belonging to the hills.

Mizos are mainly divided into tribes and sub-tribes. The tribal groups that inhabit the land of Mizoram include Mar, Dulien, Poi, Jahao, Lakher, Paite, Falam, Tangur, Khuangli, Pankhup, Dalang, Sukte, Fanai, Leillul and Ralte. The sub-tribes of Mizoram comprise of Lushais, Lakhers and Pawis. The prime costume of Mizos is known by the name of Puan.

The society of Mizos is characterized by the unity of all the tribal communities. Major decisions related to the daily affairs of the village are taken by the chief, who lives at the center of the village. Also, there is a dormitory for the bachelors in the Mizoram villages. Known by the name of Zawlbuk, these dormitories are generally set in a prominent location of the villages of Mizoram.

The sermons of Christianity are followed by the Mizos in their day-to-day life. The core dogma of the people of Mizoram is based on Tlawmngaihna. As per Tlawmngaihna, Mizoram people are supposed to live their life with an altruistic attitude practicing honesty and peace.

Although there are many a tribes and sub-tribes in Mizoram yet the Mizos are known to have a peaceful and harmonious co-existence. During major festivals or social events all the communities of Mizoram enthusiastically participate in the same. It can be said that the Mizos are the living manifestation of brotherhood and unity.

Last Updated on : 28/06/2013



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