India became the first country to enter the Mars orbit in its first attempt

Science in India

About Science

The word "Science" came from a Latin word "scientia", which in the English language means "knowledge". Science is said to be a systematic enterprise, which builds as well as organizes knowledge in its testable form of predictions and explanations regarding the universe or any kind of physical matter. It is defined in the New Collegiate Dictionary of Webster as the attainment of knowledge through practice or study.

Science in India

The Indian sub-continent got introduced to science and technology during the pre-historic age at Mehrgarh, the place that presently belongs to the country of Pakistan. Continuing through the different stages of the civilization of Indus Valley and various empires in the nation, science has reached the point, when India is counted among the top ranking countries, who have gained fame in the sector of basic research. The present Indian science is considered to be one of the powerful instruments for the growth and development of the nation. It has got a significant and continual contribution to the emerging scenario as well as the competitive economy of the Republic of India.

In the earlier days, science in India meant the study of the subjects of biology, chemistry, geology, mathematics, medical science and physics. However, with the passage of time, social science founded a place in the category.

Post India's independence from the British rule in the year 1947, the country gradually included architecture, astronomy, engineering, fine arts, nuclear science, polar science, space science, information technology (I. T.) as well as communication in this field. Since then, the education and implementation of the different divisions of modern science has become notable in the Indian Republic. For the further development of the country, need for some more important projects related to science are coming on the way. A crucial role is played by the Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India in the promotion of this field of education. The huge industrialization in the country has brought along a major development of the Indian science. Presently the nation has got innumerable renowned institutions imparting education of science and technology and a number of Indian and multi-national companies working on the same. Among all these, the 2 organizations of the Indian Government, which offers scientific services to the entire country, are the most popular ones. Names of those organizations are as follows:

  • National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization or N. A. T. M. O.
  • Survey of India that is the National Survey and Mapping Organization of India
Apart from these 2 government organizations, following are some of the scientific research programs carried on by the Science and Technology Department of the India Government:
  • Earth System Sciences
  • F. A. S. T. (Fast Track Scheme for Young Scientists)
  • N. S. P. I. R. E. (Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research)
  • R. H. P. A. (Intensification of Research in High Priority Areas)
  • Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana
  • J. C. Bose National Fellowship
  • Mathematical Sciences Office
  • Nano Mission (Mission on Nano Science and Technology)
  • N. S. T. M. I. S. (National Science & Technology Management Information System)
  • Ramanna Fellowships
  • Ramanujan Fellowship
  • S. A. I. F. (Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facilities)
  • Science and Engineering Research Council
  • Swarnajayanti Fellowships
  • U. S. E. R. S. (Utilization of the Scientific Expertise of Retired Scientists)
  • Women Scientists Programs

Last Updated on : 13 February 2012