About Daman and Diu
The second smallest union territory in India, Daman and Diu, is located near Gujarat in India. Daman lies on the Gujarat coast while Diu is an islet in the southern fringe of Kathiawar peninsula. It is bounded on its north and south by Bhagwan and the Kalem Rivers respectively, on its east by the Gujarat state and on its west by the Arabian Sea.
Diu lies in the Gulf of Cambay near Veraval Port and is separated from the southern extremity of the Saurashtra peninsula by a narrow channel running through a swamp. The island is connected to the mainland by a narrow channel on the north. Daman has a mild and humid climate while Diu has a sultry climate. It has no subdivisions. The Daman region is under the charge of a collector while Diu is under the charge of a civil administrator.
|Facts on Daman and Diu|
|Date of Formation (Declared a Union Territory)||May 30, 1987|
|Area||111 sq km|
|Total Population (2011)||243,247|
|Males Population (2011)||150,301|
|Females Population (2011)||92,946|
|No. of District||2|
|Rivers||Bhagwan, Damanganga, Kolak, Kalai, Chasi|
|Forests & National Park||Gir NP, Sasangir WS, Fudam Bird Sanctuary|
|Languages||Warli, Agri, Konkani, Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Literacy Rate (2011)||92.28%|
|Females per 1000 males||618|
The history of Daman and Diu dates back to the 13th century when the region was a part of the Chowda Rajputs who were defeated by the Waghalas who in turn were thrown out by the Muslims in 1330. The region was ruled by the Muslim rulers for the next 200 years. Finally the Portuguese took charge over the land in 1534 and ruled over it for a period of more than 450 years. Later several attempts were made by the rulers of Gujarat to drive out the British but all attempts were futile. In 1559, Daman was finally annexed by the rulers of Gujarat. The inquisition which was established in Goa, largely contributed to the downfall of Portuguese Empire in the east.
Under the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act 1962, Goa was included in the first schedule of the Indian Constitution as a territory of Indian Union. By the 57th Amendment of the Constitution Daman and Diu was separated from Goa to become an independent union territory. In 1987 Daman & Diu was pronounced a union territory by the constitution of India.
The total population of the union territory of Daman and Diu is 2,43,247. A variety of people constitute the Daman and Diu population. The density of population in Daman and Diu is 2169 per square km. The sex ratio is 618 females per 1000 males. More Detail...
Daman and Diu geography is actually the geography of its districts which make up the union territory. The district of Daman is situated on the Indian west coast. This place is bordered by a river called Kalem on its south, a river called Bhagwan on its north, the Arabian Sea on its west and the district of Valsad on its east. The Damanganga River divides the Daman district into two parts. Three rivers, namely, Bhagwan River, Damanganga River and Kalem River pass through this district. More Detail...
Government and Politics
As per the Constitution of India, the administration of union territories is carried out by the administrator. Similarly, in Daman and Diu the President of India appoints an administrator; but like the governor, he is not the head of the state. Few other officers assist him in carrying out his duties.
Economy and Infrastructure
Fishing is the main economic activity. Mechanized boats and other requisites are being provided. For agriculture, the area under double crop is being increased by raising irrigation potential. Total area under irrigation is 517 ha. There are 550 industrial units in the territory. The total length of road in Daman and Diu are 191 and 78 km respectively. There are no railway stations and airport in this union territory. More Detail...
Society and Culture
People, culture, festivals and fairs are an important part of the social life of this union territory. The socio-cultural life here has a multi-faceted character as this region used to be a Portuguese colony at one point of time. Its cultural life represents a blend of European, tribal and Indian elements. The festivals and fairs of the region are celebrated with pomp and grandeur. Music and dance are integral parts of the socio-cultural life of Daman and Diu.
The traditions and customs of the locals are very much similar to Gujarati traditions. The people here share a striking similarity with the people of Gujarat state. Daman and Diu is dominated mostly by Hindus and the predominant language in the state is Gujarati. More Detail...
There are many languages which are being spoken in the union territory. Hindi, English, Marathi and Gujarati are such languages which are officially used here. Some elderly people understand and in fact speak Portuguese, which has nearly declined as it is no longer a part of the school curriculum. English is immensely used as the official language. Dialects of Konkani language, Agri and Warli are also spoken here.
The literacy rate of this union territory is 87.07%. There are many schools, high schools and government institutions that offer education. Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman, Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman, Institute of Our Lady of Fatima located in Moti Daman and Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman are few of the popular schools here. The Daman College offers all the necessary educational facilities.
Tourism of Daman and Diu
In Daman, one can visit the Fort of St. Jerome at Nani Daman, where there is a Jain temple as well. The 17th-century-old Se Cathedral and the Church of Our Lady of Rosary in Moti Daman are also worth a visit and one can see the exquisite Portuguese carvings on the walls of these churches. Built in ancient Gothic
The Nagoa beach is the most famous in Diu. Gomptimata, Chakratirth and the beautiful Sunset Point are the other famous beaches. The Jama Masjid is also famous; other important tourist places in Daman are devka beach, Jampore beach, Kachigam Tank, Satya Sagar Udhyan, Dalwada, Kadaiya Pond, Nani Daman Jetty Garden, old churches, forts, light house and summer house. Jallandhar Beach, Nagaon Beach and Children's Park at Ghoghla are some of the tourist centres in Diu.
Daman and Diu can be easily accessed by air and road. Daman is connected to most of the cities in India through a strong air network. Most of the domestic and international airlines operate flights to Daman and Diu. Daman and Diu does not have its own railway station, however the nearest railway stations are in Vapi and Veraval in Gujarat. Daman and Diu also have a well defined road network. The group of islands is connected extremely well with Gujarat, Mumbai and Goa. There are regular buses that ply from many cities in Gujarat to Daman and Diu.