Nagaland is one of India's smallest states, with a total area of 16,579 sq km (6400 sq mi). The Naga Hills run through this small state, which has Saramati as its highest peak at a height of about 12,600 ft. The main rivers that flow through Nagaland are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu and Jhanji. The terrain is mountainous, thickly wooded, and cut by deep river valleys. There is a wide variety of plant and animal life. Nagaland has a monsoon climate with generally high humidity; rainfall averages between 1800 to 2500 mm (70 to 100 inches) a year.
|Facts on Nagaland|
|Population (Census 2011)||1,978,502|
|Area||16,579 sq km|
|No. of District||11|
|Principal Languages||English, Angami, Ao, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sangtam etc|
|Females per 1000 males (1991)||886|
|Net Domestic Product (Rs.million at current prices in 1992-93)||6,810|
|Ratio of urban population||17.2|
|Literacy Rate (2011)||80.11%|
|Per Capita Income(Rs. at current prices 1992-93)||5863|
- Places of Interest
- Travel Guide
- Important Places
- Reach Nagaland
The state is located between the 93°20' E and 95°15' E Longitudes and 25°6' and 27°4' N Latitudes. The total area covered by the state is 16,579 square km. Nagaland was declared the 16th state of the country of India on 1 December 1963. Prior to this, Nagaland used to be a union territory. The other interesting information about Nagaland is that it houses as many as 16 different ethnic groups. These groups of people have their own separate cultural identities including customs, dresses and languages. Almost 90% of the population of Nagaland is devout Christians. The state also has a substantial Hindu populace.
Speaking about Nagaland's climate, it can be said that the state has quite a pleasant weather at all the times of the year. The bracing weather makes it one of the most popular tourist spots in the Indian subcontinent. Some of the tourist attractions of the state are:
- State Museum
- Japfu Peak
- Dzukou ValleyKohima Village
- Zoological Park
The sites near Kohima include the tribal village of Khonoma, Dzulekie (famous for waterfalls), Japfu Peak, Dzukou Valley, Dimapur, etc.
Very little is known about the early history of what is now Nagaland, including the origin of several large sandstone pillars at Dimapur. British rule was established over the area by the 1890s, and headhunting, then a traditional practice, was outlawed. The Naga territory remained split between Assam and the North East Frontier Agency after Indian independence in 1947, despite a vocal movement advocating the political union of all the Naga tribes; one faction called for secession from India. In 1957, following violent incidents, the Indian government established a single Naga administrative unit under Indian rule. The Naga people responded by refusing to pay their taxes and by conducting a campaign of sabotage. In 1960 the Indian government agreed to make Nagaland a self-governing state within India; the state was officially inaugurated in 1963. More Details...
A study of the geography of Nagaland denotes the topographical features of Northeast Indian state. Located in the Northeastern region of India, the state of Nagaland shares the international border with the country of Myanmar. The state lies between the geographical coordinates of 25°6' and 27°4' north latitudes and 93°20' and 95°15' east longitude. The state is home to 16 different tribes, each of whom has their distinct customs, attires, languages and dialect. More Details...
Society and Culture
The Nagas, inhabitants of Nagaland, are said to belong to the indo-mongoloid stock, a race whose presence was first noted ten centuries before Christ, at the time of the compilation of the Vedas. The Nagas form more than 20 tribes, as well as numerous subtribes, each having a specific geographic distribution. Though sharing many cultural traits, these tribes have maintained a high degree of isolation and lack cohesion as a single people. The Konyaks are the largest tribe, followed by the Aos, Tangkhuls, Semas, and Angamis. Other tribes include the Lothas, Sangtams, Phoms, Changs, Khiemnungams, Yimchungres, Zeliangs, Chakhesangs (Chokri), and Rengmas. The principal languages are Angami, Ao, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sangtam, and Sema. The Nagas are handsome and friendly people. More Details...
Government and Politics
The government departments of Nagaland are engaged in the work of administering and managing the different departments of the state government so that the state runs efficiently. The state government comprise many departments that are headed by the elected ministers of Nagaland. These government departments are integral part of the government and politics of the state. Some of such government departments are as follows:
- Health and Family Welfare
- Forest and Environment
- Wasteland Department
- Fishery Department
- Soil and Water Conservation
- Higher Education
- Nagaland Pollution Control Board
- Raj Bhavan, Kohima
- Nagaland Information Commission
The population of the state is about two million people and the population has decreased during 2001-2011. According to Census 2011, post Independence, this is the first time that a state has witnessed a decline in its population. The decadal growth rate of the state 2001-2011 is -0.58%. The number of females per males in the state is 931. With a total area of 16,579 sq km, the density of population of the state is 119. Majority of the population lives in the rural areas and the literacy rate of the state is 80.11%. People of Nagaland are known as 'Nagas' and there are about 16 tribes living in the state.
The language diversity existing in Nagaland can not be found in any other state in India. There are as many as 36 different languages and dialects which the Naga people speak. Besides Nagamese, there are many languages which the people of the state speak. These languages come under the Tibetan-Burmese group of language and are classified into three parts - Western, Central and Eastern Naga groups. More Details...
The media of Nagaland, like media in any other place, is an important component of the state. The Indian state of Nagaland has a somewhat isolated location but the media makes sure that all kinds of news, both national and international reach the people of Nagaland. Media of this state include television, radio and newspapers. The state has an access to almost all the Indian news, entertainment and sports channels and is therefore well connected to the rest of the nation. The newspaper media in Nagaland is the broadest and besides the national newspapers of India, a number of newspapers are published from the state itself. More Details...
Economy and Infrastructure
Agriculture employs about 90 percent of the people of Nagaland. Rice and corn are the main crops. However, the state is not self-sufficient in food. Shifting cultivation (also known as slash-and-burn agriculture) is widely practiced. Food needs have caused the fallow, or idle, period to be cut to a couple of years, causing erosion and a loss of soil fertility and crop yields. The forests, which cover about 17 percent of Nagaland, are its most important source of income. There are varied mineral reserves, including oil deposits, but little exploitation. The state has adopted an industrialisation program since the 1970s. Until the early 1970s, only cottage industries (e.g., weaving, woodwork, basketry, and pottery) existed in the state. Lack of raw materials, financial resources, power, poor transport and communications all hindered industrial growth. More Details...
As per census 2011, the state has a literacy rate of 80.11%. The state government looks after the primary, elementary and secondary education and the children below the age of 14 years are entitled to 'free education'. The schools are mainly affiliated to the Nagaland Board of Secondary Education (NBSE) and some of the schools are affiliated to the CBSE Board. There are many colleges in the state which offer courses in different streams such as arts, science and commerce. There are also some educational institutions which offer professional or higher education in the fields of engineering, law and management.
The capital of Nagaland, Kohima, is located in the Northeastern part of the Indian subcontinent. The name 'Kohima' has been derived from the name of a plant called 'Kew Hi', which thrives in the mountainous region. Kohima is a fascinating place, endowed with a lot of natural beauty. The Nagaland capital can be easily accessed by all the major means of transportation. The nearest airport is located at Dimapur at a distance of 74 kms. More Details...
specialty of Nagaland
The state of Nagaland, one of the major tribal regions in the country of India, attracts people for its quaint hills, green carpeted valleys, cascading waterfalls, dense forests and rich wildlife, all of which creates a pristine environment.
Location of Nagaland
Geographically located at 25.67° N and 94.12° E, it is a part of the Northeastern India. More Details...
The state of Nagaland is easily connected from the other parts of India by air, rail and roadways. Connectivity through railways is minimal though. It can be best reached by roadways because of its proximity to a number of national as well as state highways. Most of the important villages and towns are served by the Nagaland State Transport Services, which even runs deluxe night buses from the city of Dimapur to Mokokchung, Guwahati and Shillong. Besides that, one can even hire an entire or shared yellow taxi as well as a rented car to move in and around the state. Dimapur railway station on the North East Frontier Railway is the main railway station of the state that connects it to Guwahati, which has got direct trains to some of the most important cities of India. Dimapur Airport is the sole airport of the state. Direct flights ply to and from that airport to the cities of Guwahati and Kolkata.
This land of tribes attracts tourists for its natural beauty, pollution free environment, lovely landscapes and incomparable cultural heritage. The below mentioned table provides names of some of the location wise tourist attractions in Nagaland:
|Dimapur||Diezephe Craft Village|
|Rangapahar Reserve Forest|
|Ruins of the Kachari Kingdom of the medieval age.|
|Kiphire||Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Geysers and twin stones of Salomi and Mimi|
|Mihki (River of Salt)|
|Siphi Stone Monolith|
|Cemetery of World War II|
|Dzukou Valley (Famous for camping and trekking)|
|Khonoma Heritage Museum and Crafts Centre|
|Mokokchung||A. K. M. Monument|
|Longritzu Lenden Valley|
|Molung Village||Mongzu Ki and Fusen Kei caves|
|Tangkum Marok Spring|
|Shangnyu Village's local museum and stone monoliths|
|Veda Waterfall and Peak|
|Mt. Pauna (Stone carvings and tourist village)|
|Stones of Chungliyangti, Tsadang and Tsongliyangti|
|Valley and Lagoons|
|Zunheboto||Aizuto (Forest, Lake and Village)|
|Ghosu Bird Sanctuary|
|Sumi Naga Villages|
Last Updated on : November 5, 2014
|Places To Visit|