The sites near Kohima include the tribal village of Khonoma, Dzulekie (famous for waterfalls), Japfu Peak, Dzukou Valley, Dimapur, etc.
|Facts on Nagaland|
|Population ('000s in 1991)||1,210|
|Area ('000 sq. km)||17|
|Principal Languages||English, Angami, Ao, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sangtam etc|
|Females per 1000 males (1991)||886|
|Net Domestic Product (Rs.million at current prices in 1992-93)||6,810|
|Ratio of urban population||17.2|
|Literacy Rate (1991)||61.6|
|Per Capita Income(Rs. at current prices 1992-93)||5863|
- Places of Interest
- Travel Guide
- Important Places
- Reach Nagaland
Nagaland has a single-chamber Legislative Assembly with 60 seats. The state sends two members to the Indian national parliament: one to the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and one to the Lok Sabha (lower house). There are seven local government administrative districts - Mokokchung, Tuensang, Mon, Wokha, Zunheboto, Phek and Kohima. The capital is Kohima. There is something interesting about Nagaland that attracts many tourists from across the world. Nagaland is a hilly state, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the country of India. The capital of this state is called Kohima. The state is bounded by Assam towards the west, Myanmar towards the east, Manipur on the south and a section of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh on the north. Some important information about Nagaland is given below.
The state is located between the 95°15' East and 93°20'E Longitudes and 27°4' and 25°6' North Latitudes. The total area covered by the state is 16,527 square km. Nagaland was declared the 16th state of the country of India as on 1st of December in the year 1963. Prior to this, Nagaland used to be a union territory. Another interesting information about Nagaland is that it houses as many as 16 different ethnic groups. These groups of people have their own separate cultural identities including customs, dresses and languages. Almost 90% of the population of Nagaland are devout Christians. The state also has a substantial Hindu populace.
Speaking about Nagaland climate, it can be said that the state has quite a pleasant weather at all the times of the year. The bracing weather makes it one of the most popular tourist spots in the Indian subcontinent. Some of the tourist attractions of the state are:
- State Museum
- Japfu Peak
- Dzukou ValleyKohima Village
- Zoological Park
Little is known about the early history of what is now Nagaland, including the origin of several large sandstone pillars at Dimapur. British rule was established over the area by the 1890s, and headhunting, then a traditional practice, was outlawed. The Naga territory remained split between Assam and the North East Frontier Agency after Indian independence in 1947, despite a vocal movement advocating the political union of all the Naga tribes; one faction called for secession from India. In 1957, following violent incidents, the Indian government established a single Naga administrative unit under Indian rule. The Naga people responded by refusing to pay their taxes and by conducting a campaign of sabotage. In 1960 the Indian government agreed to make Nagaland a self-governing state within India; the state was officially inaugurated in 1963. More Details...
A study of the geography of Nagaland denotes the topographical features of northeast Indian state. The position of Nagaland in the map of India, its climate, landforms and geographical features that are chief characteristics of the state fall under the scope of the geography of Nagaland. Located in the north eastern region of India, the state of Nagaland shares the international border with the country of Myanmar. The state lies between the geographical coordinates of 25°6' and 27°4' North latitudes and 93°20' and 95°15' East longitude. The state is home to 16 different tribes, each of whom have their distinct customs, attires, languages and dialect.More Details...
Society and Culture
The Nagas, inhabitants of Nagaland, are said to belong to the indo-mongoloid stock, a race whose presence was first noted ten centuries before Christ, at the time of the compilation of the Vedas. The Nagas form more than 20 tribes, as well as numerous subtribes, each having a specific geographic distribution. Though sharing many cultural traits, these tribes have maintained a high degree of isolation and lack cohesion as a single people. The Konyaks are the largest tribe, followed by the Aos, Tangkhuls, Semas, and Angamis. Other tribes include the Lothas, Sangtams, Phoms, Changs, Khiemnungams, Yimchungres, Zeliangs, Chakhesangs (Chokri), and Rengmas.The principal languages are Angami, Ao, Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sangtam, and Sema. The Nagas are a handsome and friendly people.More Details...
Government and Politics
The Government departments, Nagaland are engaged in the work of administering and managing the different departments of the state government so that the state runs efficiently. The state government comprises of many departments that are headed by the elected ministers of Nagaland. The Nagaland government departments are integral part of Nagaland government and politics. There are numerous departments in the Nagaland Government that look after the different sections of the administration of the state. These Nagaland Government Departments are as follows:
- Health and Family Welfare
- Forest and Environment
- Wasteland Department
- Fishery Department
- Soil and Water Conservation
- Higher Education
- Nagaland Pollution Control Board
- Raj Bhavan, Kohima
- Nagaland Information Commission
The media of Nagaland, like media in any other place, is an important component of the state of Nagaland. The Indian state of Nagaland has a somewhat isolated location but the media of Nagaland makes sure that all kinds of news, both National and International reaches the people of Nagaland. Media of Nagaland includes, Television, Radio and Newspapers. The state of Nagaland has access to almost all the Indian news, entertainment and sports channels and are therefore well connected to the rest of the Nation. The newspaper media in Nagaland is the broadest and besides the National newspapers of India, a number of Newspapers are published from the state of Nagaland itself. More Details...
Economy and Infrastructure
Agriculture employs about 90 percent of the people of Nagaland. Rice and corn are the main crops. However, the state is not self-sufficient in food. Shifting cultivation (also known as slash-and-burn agriculture) is widely practiced. Food needs have caused the fallow, or idle, period to be cut to a couple of years, causing erosion and a loss of soil fertility and crop yields. The forests, which cover about 17 percent of Nagaland, are its most important source of income. There are varied mineral reserves, including oil deposits, but little exploitation. The state has adopted an industrialization program since the 1970s. Until the early 1970s, only cottage industries (e.g., weaving, woodwork, basketry, and pottery) existed in the state. Lack of raw materials, financial resources, and power, as well as poor transport and communications, all hindered industrial growth.More Details...
The capital of Nagaland, Kohima is located in the north-eastern part of the Indian subcontinent. The name 'Kohima' has been derived from the name of a plant called 'Kew Hi', which thrives in the mountainous region. Kohima is a fascinating place, endowed with a lot of natural beauty. The Nagaland capital can be easily accessed by all the major means of transportation. The nearest airport is located at Dimapur at a distance of 74 kms. More Details...
What is the specialty of Nagaland?
The state of Nagaland, one of the major tribal regions in the country of India, attracts people for its quaint hills, green carpeted valleys, cascading waterfalls, dense forests and rich wildlife, all of which creates a pristine environment.
Location of Nagaland
Geographically located at 25.67° N and 94.12° E, it is a part of the north eastern India. More Details...
Best time to visit Nagaland
With a pleasant type of weather throughout the year, this state of India has got warm summers and cold winters. The three prominent seasons experienced by the people residing there are as follows:
- Summer: The summer season in Nagaland stretches mainly from the month of June to September, partly coinciding with the rainy season, when the temperature can rise to around 31° C. The hottest month is July.
- Monsoon: Monsoon in this state sets in during the month of May and continues till October with an average annual precipitation of 220 cm to 250 cm.
- Winter: Winter season in this state starts from October and continues till the month of February. December to February, being the coldest months, experiences temperature falling down to even 4° C. The maximum temperature rises to about 24° C during this time.
Apart from that, a year's windiest months are February and March. Thus, the best time to visit this state of north east India is the period in between the months of October and May.
How to reach Nagaland
The state of Nagaland can be reached from the other parts of India by air, rail and roadways. Connectivity through railways is minimal though.
Nagaland can be best reached by roadways because of its proximity to a number of National as well as State Highways. The National Highways passing through the state are NH - 36, NH - 39, NH - 61, NH - 150 and NH - 155. Following are the State Highways, which enhances the road transport system of Nagaland:
- Mariani - Mokokchung Highway
- Meluri - Kiphire - Tuensang Highway
- Meluri - Kohima Highway via Chakhabama
- Merapani Road - Wokha Highway
- Mokokchung - Chakabama Highway via Zunheboto and Chazuba
- Mokokchung - Tuensang Highway
- Mon - Namtola Highway
- Naginimora - Mon - Tuensang Highway
Dimapur Railway Station on the North east Frontier Railway is the main railway station of the state that connects it to Guwahati, which has got direct trains to some of the most important cities of India.
To reach Nagaland via airways, one needs to travel to Dimapur Airport, which is the sole airport of the state. Direct flights ply to and from that airport to the cities of Guwahati and Kolkata. More Details...
Can the state be regarded as a tourist destination?
This land of tribes attracts tourists for its natural beauty, pollution free environment, lovely landscapes and incomparable cultural heritage. The below mentioned table provides names of some of the location wise tourist attractions in Nagaland:
|Dimapur||Diezephe Craft Village|
|Rangapahar Reserve Forest|
|Ruins of the Kachari Kingdom of the medieval age.|
|Kiphire||Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Geysers and twin stones of Salomi and Mimi|
|Mihki (River of Salt)|
|Siphi Stone Monolith|
|Cemetery of World War II|
|Dzukou Valley (Famous for camping and trekking)|
|Khonoma Heritage Museum and Crafts Centre|
|Mokokchung||A. K. M. Monument|
|Longritzu Lenden Valley|
|Molung Village||Mongzu Ki and Fusen Kei caves|
|Tangkum Marok Spring|
|Shangnyu Village's local museum and stone monoliths|
|Veda Waterfall and Peak|
|Mt. Pauna (Stone carvings and tourist village)|
|Stones of Chungliyangti, Tsadang and Tsongliyangti|
|Valley and Lagoons|
|Zunheboto||Aizuto (Forest, Lake and Village)|
|Ghosu Bird Sanctuary|
|Sumi Naga Villages|
Shopping in Nagaland
Though this state cannot be called as one of the best shopping destinations in the country, still the local handicrafts of the place like wood carved articles, varied bamboo works, ornaments, pottery etc. are worth buying. Some of the prominent shopping areas that attract shop lovers are as follows:
- Central Market at Kohima
- Handloom & Handicrafts Emporium at Dimapur
- Sales Emporium at Kohima
- Village markets in Mon
The restaurants in Nagaland offers varied kinds of local dishes along with the other famous cuisines. With varying cooking style, the Naga dishes are usually featured with boiled organic leaves and dried, fermented or smoked fish and meats. Some of the popular dishes are Axone, which is prepared from smoked and boiled soya bean along with smoked beef or pork, Anishi that is a preparation of yam leaves and fermented bamboo shoots with pork and fish. Some of the famous dining destinations in this state are:
- Flaming Wok: Located at Kohima, this restaurant is known for serving delicious Chinese and Indian dishes.
- Plaza Restaurant: This restaurant is situated at Church Road in Dimapur and serves varied cuisines like Indian (North and South), Chinese and Continental.
- Popular Bakery: This Kohima based bakery offers sumptuous breakfast consisting of pastries and varied kinds of Indian sweets.
- Simply Tasty: Situated at Kohima, this is one of the known fast food restaurants cum cafes in Nagaland.
Hotels in Nagaland
The State has hotels of star and non star category catering to the needs of the tourists visiting Nagaland. Besides it has resorts, restaurants and cafes which cater to the needs of all segment of travelers.
Following are some of the renowned hotels in Nagaland, along with their contact information:
- Hotel Japfu
P. R. Hill, Kohima
- Hotel Whispering Winds
D. C. Hill, Mokokchung
Nagaland - 798 601, India.
Tel.: + 91 - 369 - 2229743/ + 91 - 09436006062
- The Heritage
- Aradura Inn
Near Little Flower School or Cathedral
Kohima, Nagaland - 797 001, India.
Tel.: + 91 - 986 - 2469939/ + 91 - 943 - 6603007
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org and
Last Updated on : 26/06/2013
|Places To Visit|