Gwalior History

Gwalior history tells the saga of a royal past. The cave paintings and excavations of artifacts dating as early as the Iron Age and Stone Age portray the ancient history of Gwalior when the city was known as Gopadri or Gopgiri. However, the glorious journey of Gwalior as a princely state of India began in the 5th century AD when Suraj Sen, the Kachhwaha Rajput prince, founded the Gwalior Fort. Subsequently the kingdom of Gwalior has been ruled by Mihir Bhoj, Vrajdaman, Mangleraj, Kirtiraj and others.

Various rulers of the Tughlaq dynasty and Slave dynasty have ruled Gwalior in the medieval period. Gwalior, in Madhya Pradesh , came under the rule of the Hindu Kings of the Tomar clan in the 14th century from AD 1486 to AD 1526. This started the rule of the kings like Vir Singh Dev, Udhwaraddev, Vikramdev, Dungrandra Singh, Kirti singh, Kalyanmal and Man Singh in Gwalior. After the first battle of Panipat, Gwalior became a part of the Mughal Empire.

The reign of the Mughals over Gwalior did not last long. With the third battle of Panipat, the kingdom went in the hands of the Jats with Lokandra Singh. In 1765, Gwalior was regained by the Scindhia clan under the aegis of Mahadji Scindhia. The soldiers of the kingdom contributed significantly in the first freedom struggle of India.

Gwalior along with Indore, Malwa and some other provinces merged together to form the Madhya Pradesh state in 1948. By this time, India has become a sovereign democracy and so Jiwajirao Scindhia was made the chief of the State. Still the Scindhias are the King of the present day Gwalior city with Jyotiraditya Scindhia, though the rule of monarchy no more exists.

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Last Updated on 16th Oct 2012