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Delhi, the capital of India, is the second most populated city in the country. It is officially called the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). The city is the largest commercial center in the northern part of India. It shares its border with Uttar Pradesh on the east, and on the north, west, & south by Haryana, considered as the heart of the nation. The city is famous for its enriched culture and heritage. Delhi has a store of some beautiful and mesmerizing monuments to explore. From the carvings of Mughal rulers to astounding Islamic architecture, Delhi never misses an opportunity of leaving an everlasting impression on the minds of its visitors.

Quick Facts
Chief MinisterArvind Kejriwal
GovernorAnil Baijal
Size1484 sq km
population Delhi Metro Area in 202030291000
population (UN report 2014)25 million
LanguagesHindi, English, Punjabi, and Urdu
State BirdHouse Sparrow
STD Code11
Time ZoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Neighbouring StatesHaryana and Uttar Pradesh
No. of District11

History of Delhi

Delhi has a rich historical background and has been home to many ancient empires such as the Mauryan Empire, Mughal Empire, and renowned dynasties like the Tomara dynasty, the Slave dynasty, Tughlaq dynasty, Khilji dynasty, and so on. It is believed that Delhi was Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas, in the Mahabharata epic. Delhi was also a significant place for Sufism. Delhi became India's political capital when the British shifted its capital from Calcutta in 1911. The name 'New Delhi' was given to the capital city in 1927, and on 13 February 1931, Delhi was officially inaugurated as the capital of India. When India became independent on 15 August 1947, New Delhi became the capital of India.

Geographical Area and Location of Delhi

Delhi lies in North India at 28.63°N 77.21°E. Delhi lies at an altitude between 200–250 m (650–820 ft) and is situated on the Yamuna River. The River Yamuna is the only major river flowing through the city. The Delhi ridge, which reaches a height of 1043 ft, originates from the Aravali Range in the South and surrounds the West, Northeast, and Northwest parts of the city. Delhi lies in India's seismic zone-IV, which makes it vulnerable to earthquakes./a>

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The metro area population of Delhi in 2020 was 30,291,000, and the number of females per 1000 males is 868. The literacy rate in Delhi is 86.21 %. In terms of area, Delhi is the largest metropolis and holds the second position according to the population. Hindi is the most commonly spoken language (81%), followed by Punjabi (7%) and Urdu (6%).

Government and Administration in Delhi

Delhi is officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), famous as an important cultural, commercial, and political hub of the country. Currently, Delhi has 11 districts. It is divided into New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC), the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD), and the Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB). The national capital has four satellite cities Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad, and Faridabad. Delhi has seven Lok Sabha constituencies and 70 assembly seats. The Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Parliament of India, and the Supreme Court of India are situated in Delhi.

In the early nineties, Delhi had only one district. In January 1997, Delhi was divided into nine districts. In September 2012, two more districts were created bringing the total number to 11. The districts of Delhi and their headquarters (in brackets) are - Central Delhi (Daryaganj), North Delhi (Narela), South Delhi (Saket), East Delhi (Preet Vihar), North East Delhi (Seelampur), South West Delhi (Dwarka), New Delhi (Connaught Place), North West Delhi (Kanjhawala), West Delhi (Rajouri Garden), South East Delhi (Defence Colony) and Shahdara (Shahdara). In 2012 the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was trifurcated into smaller corporations, viz. North Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation, and East Delhi Municipal Corporation.  More Details...


Being the capital of India, Delhi has an extensive transport system. Indira Gandhi International Airport, which lies to the southwest of Delhi, is the main airport and is maintained by the GMR Group. It is one of the busiest airports in South Asia.

Delhi is the headquarters of the Northern Railway. There are five main railway stations in Delhi; New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station, Nizamuddin Railway Station, Anand Vihar railway terminal, and Sarai Rohilla railway station. There is also a suburban railway system in the city. The National Highways that pass through Delhi are the National Highway Number 1, 2, 8, 10, and 24.

The state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is the significant bus service provider and operates one of the largest fleets of CNG-fuelled buses worldwide. DTC will provide an E-ticketing facility to the commuters. Delhi transport minister Kailash Gahlot said that the city administration will launch contactless e-ticketing services in all its buses from November.

Apart from this, taxis, radio cabs, auto-rickshaws, and cycle rickshaws (in some localities) are available in Delhi. The Delhi Metro rapid transit system, built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), is another means of transportation in Delhi. It serves many parts of Delhi and the neighbouring NCR cities like Gurgaon, Noida, and Ghaziabad. With the starting of the magenta and pink lines, almost all the areas within Delhi have covered. It is the most convenient means of transport for Delhites as well as for people visiting Delhi.


Delhi has a rich cultural and traditional background. People from all walks of life live here together with happiness. Every festival is celebrated with joy and excitement to forget about the barriers of religion. Be it Holi, Diwali, Eid, Baisakhi, Buddha Purnima, or Merry Christmas, see the same amount of energy and enthusiasm among the people belonging to different communities.

Delhi has a rich store of beautifully-built monuments, heritage buildings, and other famous architectural buildings like the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, India Gate, Qutub Minar, Jantar Mantar, Laxminarayan Temple, and Akshardham, and others. It was the seat of many powerful empires in the past, and the reflection of its rich history is still available in its carefully-preserved monuments, ancient forts, and tombs.

In Delhi, one can enjoy all types of Indian and international cuisines and delicacies besides the typical, mouth-watering local fast-food items like Dahi Bhalla and Papri Chaat. Delhi is a shopping hub. From jewellery and saris to all sorts of electrical gadgets, Delhi has everything.

Delhi Tourism keeps on organizing some fabulous festivals like the International Kite Festival, Magic Festival, Itra, and Sugandhi Mela, Mango Festival, Dilli ke Pakwaan, and Garden Tourism Festival, which are becoming an integral part of the cultural heritage of Delhi.  More Details...

Education in Delhi

Delhi is home to many prestigious schools, colleges, and universities. There are several Central Universities located in Delhi: University of Delhi, Jamia Millia Islamia, and Jawaharlal Nehru University. Distance education courses are also available in the Indira Gandhi National Open University and Delhi University. Apart from these, IIT Delhi and AIIMS for medical are other prestigious institutions in the national capital.

The state universities are Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi Technological University, National Law University, Delhi, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, and Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University.

Delhi has a good variety of public and government schools. Keeping in mind the increasing population, several schools have been set up to ensure every child in the state receives an education, which is his or her birthright. From time to time, the government organizes educational programs to spread awareness about the importance of education.  More Details...

Entertainment in Delhi

Delhi, being a cosmopolitan city, is overloaded with many places for entertainment. Delhi offers you a variety of entertainment options for its spectators. The entertainment places like malls, cinema halls, hotels, adventure parks, clubs, restaurants, and pubs are open all over the weekend. There are street plays organized by the theatre community on various social issues. With the advent of malls in India, everything has come under one roof. The shopping malls have access to restaurants, grocery stores, fancy showrooms, play stations, etc.

Old Delhi, often referred to as "Purani Dilli" is the best place for food lovers. Chandni Chowk is the food capital of India located in Old Delhi.  More Details...

Places to Visit

Delhi Facts

City NameDelhi
StateNational Capital Territory of Delhi
DistrictsNorth West Delhi, South Delhi, West Delhi, South West Delhi, North East Delhi, East Delhi, North Delhi, Central Delhi, New Delhi, Shahdara, South East Delhi
Tehsil/TalukDaryaganj, Karol Bagh, Paharganj, Gandhi Nagar, Preet Vihar, Vivek Vihar, Chanakyapuri, Connaught Place, Parliament Street, Civil Lines, Kotwali, Sadar Bazar, Seelampur, Seemapuri, Shahdara, Model Town, Narela, Saraswati Vihar, Defance Colony, Hauz Khas, Kalkaji, Delhi Cantonment, Najafgarh, Vasant Vihar, Patel Nagar, Punjabi Bagh, Rajouri Garden
WardsNorth Delhi Municipal corporation - 104, South Delhi Municipal Corporation -104, East Delhi Municipal Corporation - 64 wards
ZonesSouth Delhi Zone, North Delhi Zone, East Delhi Zone
Lat Long28.633074, 77.219543
Area1,484 sq. km
Population as per 201116787941
Population (UN report 2014)25 million
Official LanguagesHindi, English, Punjabi, and Urdu
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
STD Code11
TransportAir, Road, Railway, Metro
Vehicle registrationDL-1, DL-2, DL-3, DL-4, DL-5, DL-6, DL-7, DL-8, DL-9
Food and CuisineMughlai Cuisine, Kebab, Biryani, Tandoori, Butter Chicken, Aloo Chaat, Chaat, Dahi Vada, Kachori, Chole Bhature, Jalebi, Lassi, Street Food, South Indian Food, Delicious Paranthas, Paneer Tikka, Tandoori Fish
ReligionHindu, Muslim, Sikhism, Jainism, and others
FestivalsRepublic Day, Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti, Diwali, Mahavir Jayanti, Parkash Utsav, Dasveh Patshah, Guru Nanak Gurpurab, Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Durga Puja, Holi, Lohri, Karva Chauth, Krishna Janamastami, Maha Shivratri, Eid ul-Fitr, Moharram, Buddha Jayanti, Qutub Festival, International Mango Festival, Vasant Panchami, and many more
MonumentsRed Fort, India Gate, Purana Qila, Qutab Minar, Iron Pillar
Places of InterestJama Masjid, Red Fort, Qutab Minar, Humayun's Tomb, India Gate, Jantar Mantar, Laxminarayan Temple, Akshardham Temple, Lotus Temple, ISKCON Temple, Raj Ghat, The Secretariat, Rajpath, Vijay Chowk. Safdarjung's Tomb, Mughal Gardens, Lal Bangla, Mutiny Memorial, Sunehri Masjid (Red Fort), Tomb of Safdarjung, Jahaz Mahal, Tomb of Adham Khan, Iron Pillar
HospitalsAll India Institute of Medical Sciences, Moolchand Medcity, BLK Super Speciality Hospital, Batra Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Rockland Hospital, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Sant Parmanand Hospital, Aruna Asaf Ali Govt. Hospital, Acharyaashree Bhikshu Hospital, Attar Sain Jain Hospital, Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital, Deep Chand Bandhu Hospital, Dr. N.C. Joshi Hospital, Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital, Guru Govind Singh Govt. Hospital, Guru Nanak Eye Center, Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Janakpuri Super Speciality Hospital, Lal Bahadur Shastri Hospital, Lok Nayak Hospital, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajiv Gandhi Super Speciality Hospital, Rao Tula Ram Memorial Hospital, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Hospital, Satyawadi Raja Harish Chandra Hospital, Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Sushrut Trauma Centre, B R Sur Homeopathic Medical College, Nehru Homeopathic Medical College, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Apollo etc.
HotelsLe Meridien, The Oberoi, Imperial Hotel, The Metropolitan Hotel, Hotel Delhi City Centre, Hyatt Regency Delhi, Taj Palace Hotel, The Park, Ashok Hotel, Hotel Ajanta, The Connaught, Hotel Grand Godwin, Hotel City Park, Taj Palace Hotel, Hotel La Suite, Piccadily Hotel, The Lalit etc.
MarketsConnaught Place (CP), Chandni Chowk, Dilli Haat, Palika Bazaar, Greater Kailash, Karol Bagh, Lagpat Nagar, Khan Market, South Extension, Hauz Khas, Green Park, Greater Kailash, Kamla Nagar, Janpath, Sarojini Nagar, Tilak Nagar, Vasant Kunj, Vasant Vihar, Rajouri Garden, Khari Baoli, Ghanta Ghar, Bhajanpura and DLF Emporio - Vasant Kunj, Select Citywalk - Saket, Pacific Mall - Tagore Garden, Ansal Plaza - Andrews Ganj, DLF Promenade/Ambience Mall - Vasant Kunj, etc.
Industrial AreasAnand Parbat Industrial Area, Badli Industrial Estate, Bawana Industrial Area, Dilshad Garden Industrial Area, Flatted Factory Complex Jhandewalan, Friends Colony Industrial Area, GTK Industrial Area, Jhilmil Industrial Area, Kirti Nagar Industrial Area, Lawrence Road Industrial Area, Mangol Puri Industrial Area, Mayapuri Industrial Area, Mohan Co-Operative Industrial Area, Moti Nagar Industrial Area, Najafgarh Road Industrial Area, Nangloi Dsidc Industrial Area, Naraina Industrial Area, GT Road Industrial Area Shahdara, Okhla Indl. Area, Okhla Industrial Estate, Patparganj Industrial Area, Rajasthan Udyog Nagar Industrial Area, Samaipur Industrial Area, Shahzada Bagh Industrial Area, SMA Industrial Area, SSI Industrial Area, Udyog Nagar Industrial Area, Wazirpur Industrial Area, Dilshad Garden Industrial Area, Directory Of Industries In Delhi, Friends Colony Industrial Area, Mohan Co-Operative Industrial Area, Moti Nagar Industrial Area, Shahzada Bagh Industrial Area, Udyog Nagar Industrial Area, Wazirpur Industrial Area etc.
Universities/CollegesNational Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Mass Communication, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jamia Millia Islamia, Indira Gandhi National Open University, TERI University, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapith, School of Planning and Architecture, Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, National University of Educational Planning and Administration, National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Musicology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Indian Law Institute, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, South Asian University, Institute of Professional Education & Entrepreneurship, National Law University, Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi Technological University (Formerly known as Delhi College of Engineering), Bharat Ratna Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, National School of Drama
Notable peopleKhushwant Singh (Journalist) Chetan Bhagat (Novelist) Safdar Hashmi (Playwright, writer, street theatrist) M.F.Hessain (Painter) Pt Ravi Shankar (Sitarist) Shabana Azmi (Actress) Nandita Das (actress) Shah Rukh Khan (Actor) Saif Ali Khan (Actor) Sudhir Tailang (Cartoonist) HKL Bhagat (Indian Politician) Rahul Gandhi (Indian Politician) Gen. Parvesh Musharaf (Pakistani Politician) Ajay Jadeja (Cricketer) Mohinder Amarnath (Cricketer) Virat Kohli (Cricketer).

Blogs about Delhi
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Last Updated on: September 28,2020