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Delhi is the capital city of India and the second most populated city in the country. It is officially called National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). The city is the largest commercial center in the northern part of India. It is bordered on the east by Uttar Pradesh and by Haryana on the north, west and south. Considered as the heart of the nation, the city is famous for its enriched culture and heritage. Delhi has a store of some beautiful and mesmerizing monuments to explore. From the carvings of Mughal rulers to astounding Islamic architecture, Delhi never misses an opportunity of leaving an everlasting impression on the minds of its visitors.

Quick Facts
Chief MinisterArvind Kejriwal
GovernorAnil Baijal
Size1484 sq km
population (Census 2016)27928000
population (UN report 2014)25 million
LanguagesHindi, English, Punjabi, and Urdu
State BirdSparrow
STD Code11
Time ZoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Neighbouring StatesHaryana and Uttar Pradesh
No. of District11

History of Delhi

Delhi has a rich historical background and has been home to many ancient empires such as the Mauryan Empire, Mughal Empire, and renowned dynasties like the Tomara dynasty, Slave dynasty, Tughluq dynasty, Khilji dynasty, and so on. It is believed that Delhi was Indraprastha, the capital of the pandavas, in the Mahabharata epic. Delhi was also an important place for Sufism. Delhi became India's political capital when the British shifted its capital from Calcutta in 1911. The name 'New Delhi' was given to the capital city in 1927 and on 13 February, 1931, the city was inaugurated officially as the capital of India. When India became independent on 15 August 1947, New Delhi was officially declared as the capital of the Union of India.  More Details...

Geographical Area and Location of Delhi

Delhi is situated in North India at 28.61°N 77.23°E. Delhi lies at an altitude between 700 and 1000 feet (213 and 305 m) and is situated on the Yamuna River. The River Yamuna is the only major river flowing through the city. The Delhi ridge, which reaches a height of 1043 ft, originates from the Aravali Range in the South and surrounds the West, Northeast and Northwest parts of the city. Delhi lies in India's seismic zone-IV, which makes it vulnerable to earthquakes.   More Details...

Download : Delhi Metro Map


According to the census of 2016, the population of Delhi is 27,928,000 and the number of females per 1000 males is 866. The literacy rate of Delhi is 86 %. In terms of area, Delhi is the largest metropolis and holds the second position according to the population. Hindi is the most commonly spoken language (81%), followed by Punjabi (7%) and Urdu (6%).

Government and Administration in Delhi

Delhi is officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT). It has always been an important cultural, commercial, and political hub of the country. Currently, Delhi has 11 districts. Delhi is divided into the New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC), the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) and the Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB). The capital has four important satellite cities namely, Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad, and Faridabad. Delhi has seven Lok Sabha constituencies and 70 assembly constituencies. The Rashtrapati Bhavan, the Parliament of India and the Supreme Court of India are situated in Delhi.

In the early nineties, Delhi had only one district. In January 1997, Delhi was divided into nine districts. In September 2012, two more districts were created bringing the total number to 11. The districts of Delhi and their headquarters (in brackets) are - Central Delhi (Daryaganj), North Delhi (Narela), South Delhi (Saket), East Delhi (Preet Vihar), North East Delhi (Seelampur), South West Delhi (Dwarka), New Delhi (Connaught Place), North West Delhi (Kanjhawala), West Delhi (Rajouri Garden), South East Delhi (Defence Colony) and Shahdara (Shadhara). In 2012 the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was trifurcated in to smaller corporations, viz. North Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation and East Delhi Municipal Corporation.  More Details...


Being the capital of India, Delhi has a strong and extensive transport system. Indira Gandhi International Airport, which is situated to the southwest of Delhi, is the main airport and is maintained by the GMR Group. It is one of the busiest airports in South Asia.

Delhi is the headquarters of the Northern Railway. There are five main railway stations in Delhi; New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station, Nizamuddin railway Station, Anand Vihar railway terminal and Sarai Rohilla railway station. There is also a suburban railway system in the city. The National Highways that pass through Delhi are the National Highway Number 1, 2, 8, 10, and 24.

The state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is the main bus service provider and operates the world's largest fleet of CNG-fuelled buses.

Apart from this, taxis, radio cabs, auto rickshaws, and cycle rickshaws (in some localities) are easily available in Delhi. The Delhi Metro rapid transit system, built and operated by the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC), is another means of transportation in Delhi. It serves many parts of Delhi and the neighboring NCR cities like Gurgaon, Noida, and Ghaziabad. With the starting of the magenta and pink lines, almost all the areas within Delhi will get covered. It is the most convenient means of transport for Delhites as well as for people visiting Delhi.


Delhi has a rich cultural and traditional background. Delhi is a state in which people of every community lives together and eat together. Every festival is celebrated with joy and excitement forgetting about the barriers of religion. Be it Holi, Diwali, Eid, Baisakhi, Buddha Purnima or Christmas, wyou will see the same energy and happiness amon the people belonging to different communities.

Delhi has rich store of beautifully-built monuments, heritage buildings, and other famous architectural buildings like the Red Fort, Jama Masjid, India Gate, Qutub Minar, Jantar Mantar, Laxminarayan Temple, and Akshardham to name a few. Being a seat of many powerful empires in the past, the reflection of its rich history can be seen in its carefully-preserved monuments, ancient forts and tombs.

In Delhi, one can enjoy all types of Indian and international cuisines and delicacies besides the typical, mouth-watering local fast-food items like Dahi Bhalla and Papri Chaat. Delhi is a shopping hub. From jewelry and saris to all sorts of electrical gadgets, Delhi has it all.

Delhi Tourism keeps on organising some really interesting festivals namely, the International Kite Festival, Magic Festival, Itra and Sugandhi Mela, Mango Festival, Dilli ke Pakwaan, and Garden Tourism Festival which are becoming an integral part of Delhi’s cultural heritage.  More Details...

Education in Delhi

Delhi is home to many prestigious schools, colleges and universities. The central universities located in Delhi are University of Delhi, Jamia Millia Islamia, and Jawaharlal Nehru University. Distance education is provided by the Indira Gandhi National Open University and Delhi University. The state universities are Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi Technological University, National Law University, Delhi, Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology, and Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University.

Delhi has good variety of public and government schools. Keeping in mind the increasing population, a number of schools have been set up to ensure every child in the state receives education which is his birth right. Time to time, the government organises educational programs to spread awareness about the importance of education.  More Details...

Entertainment in Delhi

Delhi, being a cosmopolitan city, is overloaded with many places for entertainment. From bustling night life of the city to sightseeing of its cultural heritage, Delhi offers you a variety of entertainment options to its spectator. The entertainment places like malls, cinema halls, hotels, adventure parks, clubs, restaurants and pubs are open all over the weekend. There are street plays organized by the theatre community on various social issues. With the advent of malls in India, everything has come under one roof. The shopping malls have access to restaurants, grocery stores, fancy showrooms, play stations, etc.

Old Delhi, often referred as "Purani Dilli" is the best place for food lovers. Chandni Chowk is the food capital of India located in Old Delhi.  More Details...

Places to Visit

Delhi Facts

City NameDelhi
StateNational Capital Territory of Delhi
DistrictsNorth West Delhi, South Delhi, West Delhi, South West Delhi, North East Delhi, East Delhi, North Delhi, Central Delhi, New Delhi, Shahdara, South East Delhi
Tehsil/TalukDaryaganj, Karol Bagh, Paharganj, Gandhi Nagar, Preet Vihar, Vivek Vihar, Chanakyapuri, Connaught Place, Parliament Street, Civil Lines, Kotwali, Sadar Bazar, Seelampur, Seemapuri, Shahdara, Model Town, Narela, Saraswati Vihar, Defance Colony, Hauz Khas, Kalkaji, Delhi Cantonment, Najafgarh, Vasant Vihar, Patel Nagar, Punjabi Bagh, Rajouri Garden
WardsNorth Delhi Municipal corporation - 104, South Delhi Municipal Corporation -104, East Delhi Municipal Corporation - 64 wards
ZonesSouth Delhi Zone, North Delhi Zone, East Delhi Zone
Lat Long28.633074, 77.219543
Area1,484 sq. km
Population as per 201116787941
Population (UN report 2014)25 million
Official LanguagesHindi, English, Punjabi, and Urdu
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
STD Code11
TransportAir, Road, Railway, Metro
Vehicle registrationDL-1, DL-2, DL-3, DL-4, DL-5, DL-6, DL-7, DL-8, DL-9
Food and CuisineMughlai Cuisine, Kebab, Biryani, Tandoori, Butter Chicken, Aloo Chaat, Chaat, Dahi Vada, Kachori, Chole Bhature, Jalebi, Lassi, Street Food, South Indian Food, Delicious Paranthas, Paneer Tikka, Tandoori Fish
ReligionHindu, Muslim, Sikhism, Jainism
FestivalsRepublic Day, Independence Day, Gandhi Jayanti, Diwali, Mahavir Jayanti, Parkash Utsav, Dasveh Patshah, Guru Nanak Gurpurab, Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur, Durga Puja, Holi, Lohri, Karva Chauth, Krishna Janamastami, Maha Shivratri, Eid ul-Fitr, Moharram, Buddha Jayanti, Qutub Festival, International Mango Festival, Vasant Panchami, and many more
MonumentsRed Fort, India Gate, Purana Qila, Qutab Minar, Iron Pillar
Places of InterestJama Masjid, Red Fort, Qutab Minar, Humayun's Tomb, India Gate, Jantar Mantar, Laxminarayan Temple, Akshardham Temple, Lotus Temple, ISKCON Temple, Raj Ghat, The Secretariat, Rajpath, Vijay Chowk. Safdarjung's Tomb, Mughal Gardens, Lal Bangla, Mutiny Memorial, Sunehri Masjid (Red Fort), Tomb of Safdarjung, Jahaz Mahal, Tomb of Adham Khan, Iron Pillar
HospitalsAll India Institute of Medical Sciences, Moolchand Medcity, BLK Super Speciality Hospital, Batra Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Rockland Hospital, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Sant Parmanand Hospital, Aruna Asaf Ali Govt. Hospital, Acharyaashree Bhikshu Hospital, Attar Sain Jain Hospital, Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital, Deep Chand Bandhu Hospital, Dr. N.C. Joshi Hospital, Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital, Guru Govind Singh Govt. Hospital, Guru Nanak Eye Center, Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Janakpuri Super Speciality Hospital, Lal Bahadur Shastri Hospital, Lok Nayak Hospital, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajiv Gandhi Super Speciality Hospital, Rao Tula Ram Memorial Hospital, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel Hospital, Satyawadi Raja Harish Chandra Hospital, Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Sushrut Trauma Centre, B R Sur Homeopathic Medical College, Nehru Homeopathic Medical College, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Apollo etc.
HotelsLe Meridien, The Oberoi, Imperial Hotel, The Metropolitan Hotel, Hotel Delhi City Centre, Hyatt Regency Delhi, Taj Palace Hotel, The Park, Ashok Hotel, Hotel Ajanta, The Connaught, Hotel Grand Godwin, Hotel City Park, Taj Palace Hotel, Hotel La Suite, Piccadily Hotel, The Lalit etc.
MarketsConnaught Place (CP), Chandni Chowk, Dilli Haat, Palika Bazaar, Greater Kailash, Karol Bagh, Lagpat Nagar, Khan Market, South Extension, Hauz Khas, Green Park, Greater Kailash, Kamla Nagar, Janpath, Sarojini Nagar, Tilak Nagar, Vasant Kunj, Vasant Vihar, Rajouri Garden, Khari Baoli, Ghanta Ghar, Bhajanpura and DLF Emporio - Vasant Kunj, Select Citywalk - Saket, Pacific Mall - Tagore Garden, Ansal Plaza - Andrews Ganj, DLF Promenade/Ambience Mall - Vasant Kunj, etc.
Industrial AreasAnand Parbat Industrial Area, Badli Industrial Estate, Bawana Industrial Area, Dilshad Garden Industrial Area, Flatted Factory Complex Jhandewalan, Friends Colony Industrial Area, GTK Industrial Area, Jhilmil Industrial Area, Kirti Nagar Industrial Area, Lawrence Road Industrial Area, Mangol Puri Industrial Area, Mayapuri Industrial Area, Mohan Co-Operative Industrial Area, Moti Nagar Industrial Area, Najafgarh Road Industrial Area, Nangloi Dsidc Industrial Area, Naraina Industrial Area, GT Road Industrial Area Shahdara, Okhla Indl. Area, Okhla Industrial Estate, Patparganj Industrial Area, Rajasthan Udyog Nagar Industrial Area, Samaipur Industrial Area, Shahzada Bagh Industrial Area, SMA Industrial Area, SSI Industrial Area, Udyog Nagar Industrial Area, Wazirpur Industrial Area, Dilshad Garden Industrial Area, Directory Of Industries In Delhi, Friends Colony Industrial Area, Mohan Co-Operative Industrial Area, Moti Nagar Industrial Area, Shahzada Bagh Industrial Area, Udyog Nagar Industrial Area, Wazirpur Industrial Area etc.
Universities/CollegesNational Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Mass Communication, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jamia Millia Islamia, Indira Gandhi National Open University, TERI University, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapith, School of Planning and Architecture, Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, National University of Educational Planning and Administration, National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Musicology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Indian Law Institute, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, South Asian University, Institute of Professional Education & Entrepreneurship, National Law University, Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi Technological University (Formerly known as Delhi College of Engineering), Bharat Ratna Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, National School of Drama
Notable peopleKhushwant Singh (Journalist) Chetan Bhagat (Novelist) Safdar Hashmi (Playwright, writer, street theatrist) M.F.Hessain (Painter) Pt Ravi Shankar (Sitarist) Shabana Azmi (Actress) Nandita Das (actress) Shah Rukh Khan (Actor) Saif Ali Khan (Actor) Sudhir Tailang (Cartoonist) HKL Bhagat (Indian Politician) Rahul Gandhi (Indian Politician) Gen. Parvesh Musharaf (Pakistani Politician) Ajay Jadeja (Cricketer) Mohinder Amarnath (Cricketer) Virat Kohli (Cricketer).

Blogs about Delhi
Who are the Members of the Ram Mandir Trust?
Ram Mandir: Trust Held First Meeting; Who are the Members of the Ram Mandir Trust? : Latest on the Ram Mandir Case The first meeting of the Ram Temple Trust has happened in Delhi's Greater Kailash. This meeting got over in about two hours at the residence of K Parasaran, senior advocate who was appointed as the head of the trust by the Centre. From the meeting, here is what has happened: The Trust has elected Mahant Nritya Gopal Das as president Champat Rai and Govind Giri have been elected as…
Timeline of The Most Controversial 2012 Nirbhaya Gang Rape and Murder Case
Timeline of The Most Controversial 2012 Nirbhaya Gang Rape and Murder Case : The night of December 16, 2012, gave Delhi a new identity; “the rape capital of the country”.                      Though it is considered to be one of the most unsafe cities in the country, what happened on the eve of 16 is beyond imagination. Jyoti Singh (Nirbhaya as named by media) along with her friend came out from the movie theatre in Select Citywalk and took an auto to…
Arvind Kejriwal
Who is Arvind Kejriwal – The Third Time Delhi CM from Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) : Who formed the Aam Aadmi Party? Arvind Kejriwal is a Haryana-born social activist who started a party under the name ‘Aam Aadmi Party’ (literally, common man’s party) in November 2012. It was AAP's first attempt to participate in the Delhi assembly polls on December 4, 2013. In spite of the party being so new, it had tremendous support from the common man. AAP has built its reputation as a political party that has high relevance…
Suit Up! Kejriwal Invites Baby Mufflerman for His Swearing in Ceremony on Sunday
Suit Up! Kejriwal Invites Baby Mufflerman for His Swearing in Ceremony on Sunday : Arvind Kejriwal, the man of the moment who led the Aam Aadmi Party to a thumping victory in the recently concluded Delhi Assembly polls by bagging 62 out of 70 seats. The supremo of AAP is set to take oath as the chief minister of Delhi for the third consecutive term at Ramlila Maidan on Sunday at 10 am. Showing himself among the commoners, Kejriwal will share a jumbo stage with a coveted group of…
Freebies | Is Kejriwal Setting Groundwork for a Welfare State And How Realistic is it?
Freebies | Is Kejriwal Setting Groundwork for a Welfare State And How Realistic is it? : Arvind Kejriwal has led his party the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) to a dramatic landslide win, decimating the all-powerful BJP by winning 62 of the 70 Assembly seats in the recently conducted Delhi Election 2020. However, many are questioning AAP’s policy of subsidizing electricity bill and giving free rides to women availing public transportation saying these freebies have lured people to vote for AAP. Is this true? And if so, how right or wrong is…

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Last Updated on: February 7, 2018

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