Map of Haryana Panchkula Ambala Yamunanagar Karnal Kurukshetra Kaithal Panipat Sirsa Fatehabad Hisar Bhiwani Jind Mahendragarh Dadri Rewari Jhajjar Rohtak Sonipat Mewat Gurugram palwal Faridabad Chandigarh Punjab Himachalpradesh Uttarakhand Delhi Rajasthan Uttarpradesh
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Haryana Location Haryana DistrictHaryana RiverHaryana RoadHaryana Railway
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Haryana is a state in Northern India. It is bounded by Punjab on the northwest, on the north and northeast by Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, on the east by Uttar Pradesh and the union territory of Delhi, and on the south and southwest by the state of Rajasthan. The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh and it is also the capital of the neighbouring state of Punjab. However, the biggest city in the state is Faridabad. The state was formed on November 1, 1966.

Area and Population of Haryana

The total area of the state is 44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi), which makes it the 21st biggest state in India by area. As laid down by the census performed in 2011, the population of the state is 25,353,081, making it the 18th most populated state in India. The density of the population in Haryana is 573/km2 (1,480/sq mi).

Geographical features of Haryana

Haryana is a non-coastal, interior state. It is located at an altitude of 200 meters to 1200 meters or 700-3600 feet over the sea surface. Geographically, the state can be divided into the following regions:

  • The Shivalik mountain range in the northeast
  • The Yamuna-Ghaggar basin, creating the biggest portion of the state
  • The Aravalli mountain range to the south
  • Semi-arid sandy plateaus in the southwest

Rivers in Haryana

The major rivers of the state are as follows:

Yamuna, Sarasvati, Ghaggar, Markanda, and the Tangri river.

Flora and Fauna of Haryana

As per the ‘India State of the forest (ISF) 2019 report, the forest cover in Haryana is 1,602.44 sq km, which is 3.62% of the state’s total geographical area. The forest cover in the state was recorded at 1,588 sq km in 2017, and 1,580 sq km in the 2015 report.

The variety of flora in the state includes eucalyptus, mulberry, kikar, pine, babul, and shisham. A wide variety of fauna is seen in Haryana comprising nilgai, blackbuck, fox, panther, jackal, mongoose, and wild dog. Over 300 varieties of birds are spotted in the state.

Demographic features of Haryana

The literacy rate of the state is 67.9% (as per the 2011 census). About 90% of the population of the state are Hindus, 6.2% are Sikhs, 0.10% Christians, and 4.05% are Muslims. Besides, there are a small number of Jains living in the state. The official language of the state is Hindi. Other languages spoken in the state include Haryanvi, Sanskrit, English, Punjabi, and Ahirwati.

Economy of Haryana

Industries like business process outsourcing (BPO), manufacturing, retail, and agriculture are the backbone of the state's economy. Service industries also make a significant contribution to the economic development of the state.

Districts in Haryana

There are 22 districts in Haryana, and they are as follows:

Gurgaon Division

Gurugram, Mahendragarh, Rewari

Ambala Division

Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panchkula, Yamuna Nagar

Faridabad Division

Faridabad, Palwal, Nuh

Rohtak Division

Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Rohtak, Sonipat, Bhiwani

Hisar Division

Fatehabad, Jind, Hisar, Sirsa

Karnal Division

Karnal, Panipat, Kaithal

Educational institutes in Haryana

Given below are the names of the well-known educational institutes in the state:

Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar, YMCA University of Science and Technology, NIT Kurukshetra, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kurukshetra University, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Manav Rachna College of Engineering, The Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences, Bhiwani, Maharshi Dayanand University at Rohtak University Institute of Engineering & Technology, University Campus (UIET, Rohtak), ITM University at Gurgaon, Manav Rachna International University at Faridabad, Kurukshetra University at Kurukshetra, Chaudhary Devi Lal University at Sirsa, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology at Hisar, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, National Dairy Research Institute, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma PGIMS (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences) Rohtak, and Management Development Institute (MDI) in Gurgaon.

Tourist attractions in Haryana

The state of Haryana is famous for housing the following tourist attractions:

Kurukshetra, Chandigarh, Sultanpur National Park, Panchkula, Damdama Lake, Taliyar, Surajkund, and Morni Hills.

Some of the Major Towns in Haryana

  • Faridabad
  • Gurgaon
  • Panipat
  • Ambala
  • Karnal
  • Yamunanagar
  • Rohtak
  • Hisar
  • Sonipat
  • Panchkula
  • Kurukshetra
  • Jhajjar
  • Bhiwani
  • Rewari

Haryana State Information

Date of formation01/11/66
GovernorBandaru Dattatreya
Chief MinisterManohar Lal Khattar
Tourist attractionsSultanpur NP, Rock Gardens, Dumdama Lake
FestivalsGugga Naumi, Lohri Basant Panchmi
Major dance and music formsSarangi/Ras Leela, Phag Dance
Arts and craftsShoes called tilla or kasuri juttis are made from buffalo and goat hide; panja dhurries
LanguagesHindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Ahirwati, English
Size44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)
Population (Census 2011)25353081
RiversYamuna, Sarasvati, Ghaggar, Markanda, and many more
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesSultanpur NP, Kalesar NP, and others
State animalBlackbuck
State birdBlack francolin
State flowerLotus
State treePeepal
Major cropsSugarcane, groundnut, paddy, maize
FactoidsMany invaders like the Huns and Alexander's army swept through Haryana.
Gugga Naumi is a festival that is observed by both Hindus and Muslims. It honours Gugga Pit who could cure snake bites.
No. of District22

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Last Updated on : May 18, 2023


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