Mountains of India

Mountains of India play a crucial role in forming the ecosystem of the country. The magical Mountains of India denoted as the abodes of the Gods are famous with tourists due to the fresh air, religious significance, and thrilling adventure sports opportunities. All these mountains offer a magnificently rejuvenating respite from the exhausting heat that covers the majority of India during April and May.

Mountains of India: An Overview

India is home to some of the tallest and gallant mountain ranges in the world. These ranges come with some of the most beautiful sceneries and ecosystems in the world. The diversified altitudes and ranges feature a wide range of flora and fauna. You will get to see tropical and subtropical forests at the foothills of the Himalayan Mountain Ranges. The views of the snowy mountains in Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir will simply leave you spellbound.

 Mountain ranges such as the Western Ghats, Himalaya, Aravalli, Eastern Ghats, Nilgiri, Shivalik, Vindhya, and Satpura mountain ranges make a significant contribution towards maintaining the beauty of geographical features, landscape, and balanced environment. Covered with dense and big forests, accommodating a wide variety of plants and animals, the mountains of India are prominent tourist attractions in the country.

 Mountains of India can be broadly categorised into the following:

  • Ancient Indian mountains
  • Mountains of Jammu and Kashmir
  • Mountains of Himachal Pradesh
  • Mountains of Kerala
  • Mountains of Karnataka
  • Mountains of Sikkim
  • Mountains of Maharashtra
  • Mountains of Tamil Nadu
  • Mountains of Uttarakhand
  • Mountains of West Bengal

The Great Himalayas

Stretching for more than 2,500 km from the East to West, and 250 km to 400 km from South to North, the Himalayan Mountain Ranges are one of the natural wonders of the world. With several tall peaks and rivers, the mountain ranges are a favourite site for ecotourism enthusiasts. The Himalayas are home to some of the most famous peaks in India like the Kanchenjungha and Nanda Devi. You can participate in exciting adventure sports and activities such as rock climbing, trekking, nature walk, whitewater rafting, camping, and mountain biking. Mount Everest is the tallest peak in the Himalayan Mountain Range. This range encompasses the whole northern portion of India, located in five important states of the country. In the Sanskrit Language, the Himalayas stand for “Abode of Snow”.

This mountain range is popular among tourists because of the hospitality of the local people, the pilgrimage sites, the trekking spots, and the beautiful valleys that meet the towering mountain ranges. You will get to see different species of butterflies, birds, Asian elephants, tigers, gaurs and other varieties of wild animals. Trees like Chir (Pine), Deodar, Oak, Rhododendron, Fir, Juniper and Birch are frequently observed.

The Himalayan Mountain Range is an ideal location for mountaineering expeditions. The glaciers are one of the favourite attractions for the mountaineers. When you go for a hiking expedition, you will face some of the most difficult challenges that you have ever come across. The glaciers in Kashmir and Ladakh will test your endurance. The Siachen Glacier is regarded as one of the biggest glaciers away from the Arctic zones.

Some of the important hill areas in the Himalayas are Srinagar, Gulmarg and Sonmarg. Others are Shimla, Ladakh, Manali, Kullu, Dalhousie, Dharamsala, Nainital, Sarahan, Rishikesh, Mussoorie, Darjeeling, Gangtok, and Kailash Mansarovar.

ass="content_headingmid">Mountains in Himachal Pradesh

 Mountains in Himachal Pradesh have similarities with the mountains of Austria. The state is the territory of snow, picturesque waterfalls, the valley of fruits, and highland pastures. The capital of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla. If you spend some time in the state, you will forget that you are still in India. The diverse blend of culture and people would astonish you. Popular tourist spots include McLeod Ganj and Dharamsala. Manali is famous among adventure sports lovers, and Shimla is a favourite place for romantic couples.

 Mountains in Himachal Pradesh are famous for their hill stations. These hill stations are especially fresh even during the summer months. Dalhousie, Shimla, Manali, Kullu, and Kufri are some of the hill stations in the state. All these hill stations provide spectacular views and unlimited adventure sports options. Dharamshala, which is the official residence of the Dalai Lama, is one more major tourist attraction.

India’s mighty rivers like the Ganga, Sutlej, Yamuna, Chenab, Ravi, and Brahmaputra are fed by the melting snows of the Himalayan Mountain Range.

Mountains in Uttarakhand

 Mountains in Uttarakhand have gained popularity for many reasons. The state is also known as “Devbhumi” and draws travellers and religious devotees from all over India. The entire Uttaranchal consists of eight mountainous districts.

 The state is a heaven for adventure sports lovers. These sports include trekking, mountaineering, skating, skiing, aerial sports (paragliding and hang gliding) and different types of water sports. All these activities make Uttaranchal one of the most popular spots for adventure sports in India. Rishikesh and Haridwar are the most sacred cities in India and famous yoga and meditation centers. The Valley of Flowers National Park with its abundance of flowers, is a popular trekking spot.

Mountains in Sikkim

 Sikkim is a very small state in India. Bhutan borders the state to the east, Nepal to the west, the state of West Bengal to the South and by the Autonomous Region of Tibet in China to the north. Sikkim is home to the third-highest peak in the world, the Kanchenjungha (8,586 m). It is also the tallest peak in India.

Mountains of the Northeastern States

 The Northeastern States are also known as the Seven Sisters. These states are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram. Though the seven sisters have their distinctive features, the presence of the Himalayas is mostly felt in Arunachal Pradesh. There are unlimited opportunities for boating, angling, rafting, trekking, and mountain climbing. Besides, there is a slew of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, where you can see endangered species of birds and animals. These are favourite spots for the anthropologists, tourists, and wildlife lovers.

Cardamom Hills

 The Cardamom Hills are a portion of the Western Ghats Mountain Range. Beautiful landscape, aromatic tea gardens, and magnificent basins characterise the Cardamom Hills. The World Heritage Committee of the UNESCO is thinking about to declare it as a World Heritage Site.

Nilgiri Hills

 Nilgiri Hills are also known as the Blue Mountains. They are located in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in South India. Situated on the Western Ghats, the Nilgiris are one of the oldest mountain ranges in India. The high cliffs, spotless basins, and cascading waterfalls add an appeal to its magnificence. Kodaikanal and Ooty in Tamil Nadu are important hill stations in this region.

Mountains of West Bengal

 The mountains of West Bengal are also famous for their scenic beauties. Darjeeling is a beautiful hilly region, famous for its tea gardens. Adventure sports lovers find these mountains ideal for their pursuit.

List of peaks and Mountains of India

 Given below is a list of mountains and peaks of India:


  • Anginda
  • Agastya Mala
  • Bambi Dhura
  • Arganglas
  • Blue Mountain
  • Bandarpunch
  • Chandrashila
  • Burphu Dhura
  • Chaudhara
  • Changuch
  • Chiring We
  • Chaukhamba
  • Doddabetta
  • Chong Khumdan
  • Gauri Parbat
  • Gangotri
  • Hardeol
  • Gya
  • Baba Kailash or Jonglingkong
  • Hathi Parbat
  • Kalanag
  • Kalsubai
  • Kangchenjunga; tallest peak in India and the third tallest in the world
  • Kamet
  • Kapilash
  • Kangyatse
  • Kedarnath
  • Katphori Tiba
  • Mentok
  • Mamostong Kangri
  • Mount Abu
  • Mol Len
  • Nagalaphu
  • Mullayanagiri
  • Nanda Devi — the second tallest peak in India
  • Nag Tibba
  • Nanda Gond
  • Nanda Devi East
  • Nanda Pal
  • Nanda Kot
  • Nun Kun
  • Nilkantha
  • Pandim
  • Panchchuli
  • Rajrambha
  • Plateau Peak
  • Rishi Pahar
  • Rimo I
  • Saser Kangri
  • Saltoro Kangri
  • Sispara
  • Sangthang
  • Suj Tilla East
  • Siniolchu
  • Suli Top
  • Suj Tilla West
  • Trishuli
  • Swargarohini
  • Yamnotri
  • Trisul

Mountain Ranges

  • Aravalli Range
  • Agasthyamalai Hills
  • Camore Hills
  • Anamalai Hills
  • Eastern Ghats
  • Cardamom Hills
  • Great Indian
  • Garo Hills
  • Jaintia Hills
  • Himalayas
  • Khasi Hills
  • Karakoram Range
  • Mizo Hills
  • Manipur Hills
  • Nag Tibba Range
  • Naga Hills
  • Palani Hills
  • Nilgiri Hills
  • Pir Panjal Range
  • Patkai Hills
  • Satpura Range
  • Purvanchal Range
  • Shivalik Hills
  • Sahyadri
  • Western Ghats
  • Vindhya Range
  • Zaskar Range

Tallest Mountains in India

 Listed below are the tallest mountains with their elevations and latitudes/longitudes:

1Kanchenjungha8,586 m27.42/88.08
2Yalung Kang8,505 m270 45'15 / 880 08'25
3Nanda Devi7,816 m30.376/79.971
4Kāmet7,756 m30.92/79.593
5Saltoro Kangri7,742 m35.3996/ 76.8463
6Mamostong Kangri7,516 m35.1417/77.5783
7Jongsong Peak7,462 m27.881/88.136
8Kabru7,412 m27.616/88.116
9Rimo I7,385 m35.3550/77.3700
10Sherpi Kangri7,380 m35.4662/76.7811
11Kirat Chuli7,385 m27.7883/88.1958

National parks on the Mountains of India

Namdhpha National Park, Corbett National Park, Royal Chitwan National Park, and the Great Himalayan National Park are some of the most popular national parks on the mountains of India. Some of the national parks lying on the lap of the mountains of India are described below:

 Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal

 The Corbett National Park is one of the oldest and most resourceful national parks in India. Located beside the banks of the Ramganga River, it is a well-maintained wildlife sanctuary. The park is mostly known for the big cats, specifically the tiger. It is the oldest tiger reserve in the country, established in 1973. Other than tigers, you will also see elephants in this area.

 The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh

 This national park is situated in the Kullu District. Its tropical and alpine forests characterise the region. The park is also one of the biggest protected territories of the state. You will see rare varieties of animals in this area such as Ghoral, Musk Deer, Bharal, Thar, Brown Bear, Serow, Leopard and Snow Leopard. Birds like Khalij, Monal, Tragopan, and Cheer are frequently seen.

 Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh

 Namdapha National Park is famous for its wide biodiversity of plants and animals. It is a paradise for botany lovers. There is an abundance of bamboos, canes, wild bananas, rare orchids and other types of trees. Big cats such as leopard, tiger, snow leopard (Panthera uncial), and clouded leopard are noticed.

 Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal

Lying on the plateaus of the Inner Terai, it is the oldest national park in Nepal. The park encompasses parts of the Shiwalik Mountain Range, blanketed by broad-leaved sal Forest. The Royal Chitwan National Park sprawls an area of 932 sq km. Elephant grasses along with Acacia, Kapok (silk cotton), and Sisam trees are mostly seen in the park. You will see a wide variety of fauna including the imperilled one-horned Asian rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, different species of deers (including the spotted Chittal), sloth bear, leopard, small wild cats, wild dog, and the white stockinged gaur (biggest wild cattle in the world).

 Other than the abovementioned national parks, the following national parks are also popular:

  • Dachigam National Park (Jammu and Kashmir)
  • Dudhwa National Park (Uttar Pradesh)
  • Hemis High Altitude National Park (Ladakh Union Territory )
  • Govind Sagar Sanctuary (Himachal Pradesh)
  • Kishtwar High Altitude National Park (Jammu and Kashmir)
  • Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve (Jammu and Kashmir)

Last Updated on 29 February 2020