Fig 1 An insurance company believes that people can be divided into two classes: those who are accident prone and those who are not. The company’s statistics show that an accident-prone person will have an accident at sometime within a fixed one-year period with probability 0.6, whereas this probability is 0.2 for a person who is not accident prone. The company knows that 20 percent of the population is accident prone. Based on the given information, answer the followin questions. (i)what is the probability that a new policyholder will have an accident within a year of purchasing a policy? (ii) Suppose that a new policyholder has an accident within a year of purchasing a policy. What is the probability that he or she is accident prone?

CBSE Sample Question Paper, Class 12 Mathematics Term 2 Question - Fig 1 An insurance company believes that people can be divided into two classes: those who are accident prone and those who are not. The company’s statistics show that an accident-prone person will have an accident at sometime within a fixed one-year period with probability 0.6, whereas this probability is 0.2 for a person who is not accident prone. The company knows that 20 percent of the population is accident prone. Based on the given information, answer the followin questions. (i)what is the probability that a new policyholder will have an accident within a year of purchasing a policy? (ii) Suppose that a new policyholder has an accident within a year of purchasing a policy. What is the probability that he or she is accident prone?