Top Five Indian Mathematicians

Mathematics is the science that studies the logic of numbers, form, and order. Math is undoubtedly all around us, in fact, in everything that we do. It would not be incorrect to claim that mathematics is the foundation for everything in our everyday lives. Money, sports, architecture (both old and modern), television, smart devices, and even art contain mathematical principles.

Mathematics in India has its roots in Vedic literature, which is over four thousand years ago. Therefore, it should be no surprise that the number ‘0’ was established in India. Also, Indian mathematicians wrote several books on mathematics. In ancient India, concepts such as trigonometry, algebra, algorithms, square root, cube root, negative numbers, and the essential decimal system were invented by Indian mathematicians and are still used even now.

List of Top 5 Indian Mathematicians:


Aryabhata was born in Pataliputra, which is now Patna, Bihar, around 476 CE. He is well-known for developing ideas like lunar and solar eclipses, the rotation of the Earth on its axis, the reflection of light by the moon, the value of pi to four decimal places, and the circumference of the Earth to 99.8 % accuracy. His writings include the well-known Aryabhatiya that he wrote at the age of 23. He had an impact on future mathematicians and intellectuals like Lalla, Bhaskara I, and Brahmagupta.


Brahmagupta is another well-known Indian mathematician who has made significant contributions to geometry and number system. His most notable contribution was his recognition of zero as a number, which was an innovative thought in the historical world of mathematics. He developed all of the treaties and regulations governing the use of zero as a number. This ground-breaking innovation led to the establishment of the current form of mathematics’ numerical system. In addition, he proved Brahmagupta’s theorem for cyclic quadrilaterals, which was a significant discovery at the time.

Satyendranath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose was a renowned theoretical mathematician known as the “Father of the God Particle” for his study on the Boson, a category of particles labelled after him because they follow the Bose-Einstein stats. In the early 1920s, his study on quantum mechanics laid the groundwork for Bose-Einstein stats and the conception of the Bose-Einstein condensate.


Dattatreya Ramchandra Kaprekar was an Indian mathematician who found the Kaprekar constant and characterized various categories of natural numbers and the Kaprekar, Harshad, and self-numbers. Despite having no formal mathematical education, he contributed much and was well-known in the recreational mathematics community.

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887, in Tamil Nadu. Despite having essentially little formal experience in mathematics, he is among India’s most well-known mathematicians. He is renowned for his mathematical analysis, number theory, continued fractions, infinite series, and solutions to unresolved maths equations.