National Anthem is a solemn patriotic song which is officially taken by a country as an expression of national identity. The National Anthem of India, “Jana Gana Mana”, was written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. The song showcases the national heritage of India and exhibits the patriotism, pride and national allegiance. It acts as a catalyst to the feeling of national pride.
Originally, it was a Brahmo hymn named “Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata”, written in Bengali Sanskrit which contained five stanzas. Today, the anthem which is sung is a snippet of the song as only a single paragraph is adopted as the National Anthem of India. It depicts the religious, regional and cultural unity and diversity of the country. This beloved song of India reflects the emotions which are reverberated in unison.
National Anthem of India was first sung on December 21 in the year 1911 in the annual conference of Indian National Congress. Jana Gana Mana was translated by Abid Ali into Hindi and Urdu. It was on January 24, 1950, after Independence that the Constitution of India officially declared Jana Mana Gana as the “National Anthem of India”.
The underlying meaning of our National Anthem is pluralism. It talks about the differences of culture, creed, caste and religion and the feeling of unity which lie inside every Indian.
The whole translation of Jana Gana Mana can be read below –
You are the ruler of minds of people, let the victory be with you,
The dispenser of the destiny of India
Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha, Dravid, Orissa, Bengal
There are echoes in hills of Vidhya, and the Himalayas and music is mingled in Yamuna, and Ganga which is chanted by foaming waves of Indian Sea
Wake up listening to the auspicious name of yours and pray for your blessings,
The saving of all the people is lying in your hands.
You are the one to impart well being to the people
the dispenser of the destiny of India
May you get victory, victory, and victory for you!
The anthem urges to wake up from slumber and helps in reviving the strife and countless sacrifices which our freedom fighters underwent while waging the war for independence.