History of Porbandar


The importance of this port city in the state of Gujarat is best revealed through a study of the history of Porbandar. Characterized by a pluralistic ethos, Porbandar has evolved as a city through a process of assimilation and growth from the 10th century to the present day.

A study of the Porbandar history through archaeological excavations has revealed the presence of the city during the Harappan civilization. Old jetties discovered around the Porbandar creek reveal that the city had been a port during that time.

According to popular legends, in the 10th century, Porbandar was known as Pauravelakul and was later renamed Sudamapuri after the childhood companion of Lord Krishna. Porbandar was a prosperous port during the Mughal period and thereafter retained its importance as a seat of maritime activities. The prosperity of the port lured the Portuguese to gain control over it. They attacked the port in the year 1531 AD and the battle for gaining supremacy continued for a long period. Later in the year 1807 AD, with the interference of the British and signing of the Walker Treaty, the battle came to an end. This lead to the development of the city and the establishment of trade links in the later stages with Africa and the Gulf. The people of Porbandar celebrate the birth anniversary of the city on Raksha Bandhan day.

The popularity of Porbandar in the present day is attributed to its affiliation with the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. The city is the birthplace of this great patriot and leader. The former residence of the Mahatma, placed within the premises of the city, has prompted the increase in tourism in Porbandar.



Last Updated on 19th January 2013


     


     

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