Tripura Soil

Tripura soil is marked by characteristic features that vary with the topographical changes in the state. The other factors that influence the prevalence of the different types of soils in the state of Tripura are the climatic changes, prevalent rock material and the vegetation. Soil erosion caused by chemical weathering of the soil in the state of Tripura has led to the bed rock of the region being revealed.

The soil in Tripura can be classified into five distinct categories. 43.07 percent of the total land area of the state is occupied by the red loamy soil and the sandy soil. The soil taxonomic units of this category are the Typic/Ultic Hapludalfs, Typic Ustochrepts, Ultic HaplustaIfs, Udic Ustochrepts, Typic PaleudaIfs and the Typic U.stochrepts. The soil covers a total area of 4,514 square kilometers. The reddish yellow brown sandy soil of the region covers a total area of 3,468 square kilometers in the state of Tripura. The soil type is the second most dominant type in the region covering 33.06 percent of the land area. The three other types of soil that prevail in the region are the lateritic soil, younger alluvial soil and the older alluvial soil.

The soil of Tripura is faced with the problem of rapid soil erosion. This occurs due to chemical weathering with the high annual rainfall. Another factor that is responsible for the rapid erosion of soil in Tripura is the withdrawal of vegetation in the state which has caused the high velocity of the wind to remove the soil cover.

Last Updated on 03/13/2013