Qutb Shahi Dynasty Map

Map of Qutb Shahi Dynasty

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*Map showing the Qutb Shahi dynasty with current country boundaries. Qutb Shahi dynasty existed from 1518 to 1687.

Disclaimer: All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. However Compare Infobase Limited and its directors do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authencity of the same.

In the small area of Telangana of the Bahamani kingdom of Deccan there were some disturbances observed in 1463. A Turk, who was serving as an officer under Muhammad Shah Bahamani named Sultan Quli Qutbul Mulk, was sent to look into the matter.
In 1495, since he successfully solved the issue he was rewarded the position of the Subedar of Telangana. The head- quarters of it was located at Golconda.

The Bahamani Kingdom came to end in the early 16th century and so Sultan Quli gained virtual independence. This was when the Qutub Shahi dynasty was founded. This dynasty lasted from 1518 to 1687. The Qutub Shahi dynasty ruled for 171 years in the Southern India. There were eight kings in this royal line who were believed to be great builders and patrons of learning.

A lot was done to strengthen and improve the condition of the capital Golconda by the founder of the Qutub Shahi kingdom. The fortress capital was decorated and beautified with mosques, palaces and gardens. At the age of 99, Sultan Quli died and Jamsheed Quli who is blamed for his father's death took over the throne.

Jamsheed, the third son of Sultan Quli ruled for just about seven years and couldn't do much but was believed to be a great poet and highly educated. He died in 1550 after which the youngest son of Sultan Quli, Ibrahim succeeded his brother. It was during his reign that Golconda was further strengthened Ibrahim Quli Shah was praised for his sound administration. His daughter Hayath Bakshi Begum was married to his successor, Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah who was his nephew as well.

At a mere age of 15, Muhammad Quli was crowned and is often remembered as the planner of the city of Hyderabad. He patronized the Telugu language like Ibrahim. In 1612, after a long rule of 32 years he died and his son-in-law Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah took over the throne.

Sultan Muhammad was known for a deeply religious temperament. The chronicles of the Qutub Shahi dynasty were accomplished during his reign. It was under his rule that development in the field of architecture was seen. Sultan Muhammad had laid down the foundation of the mosque Mecca Masjid in 1617. His son, Abdullah ascended the throne at the age of 12.
His mother took over the rule until he attained maturity. The empire was expanded under his reign but in 1636 he was pressurized much by the Mughals. Even the capital Golcanda was attacked in 1656 which caused a lot of destruction. He died in 1672 his son-in-law, Abul Hasan famously known as Tana Shah proved to be a good ruler.

He defended the capital and the people from the Mughal attacks several times. He's believed to be a tolerant king and for him the wellness and interest of his people was important to him more than anything else. He was the last ruler of this dynasty and finally in 1687 the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb stormed into the capital city and took Abul Shah as a prisoner of war.

Last Updated on : 4/6/2012