The Bahamani Kingdom came to end in the early 16th century and so Sultan Quli gained virtual independence. This was when the Qutub Shahi dynasty was founded. This dynasty lasted from 1518 to 1687. The Qutub Shahi dynasty ruled for 171 years in the Southern India. There were eight kings in this royal line who were believed to be great builders and patrons of learning.
A lot was done to strengthen and improve the condition of the capital Golconda by the founder of the Qutub Shahi kingdom. The fortress capital was decorated and beautified with mosques, palaces and gardens. At the age of 99, Sultan Quli died and Jamsheed Quli who is blamed for his father's death took over the throne.
Jamsheed, the third son of Sultan Quli ruled for just about seven years and couldn't do much but was believed to be a great poet and highly educated. He died in 1550 after which the youngest son of Sultan Quli, Ibrahim succeeded his brother. It was during his reign that Golconda was further strengthened Ibrahim Quli Shah was praised for his sound administration. His daughter Hayath Bakshi Begum was married to his successor, Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah who was his nephew as well.
At a mere age of 15, Muhammad Quli was crowned and is often remembered as the planner of the city of Hyderabad. He patronized the Telugu language like Ibrahim. In 1612, after a long rule of 32 years he died and his son-in-law Sultan Muhammad Qutub Shah took over the throne.
Sultan Muhammad was known for a deeply religious temperament. The chronicles of the Qutub Shahi dynasty were accomplished during his reign. It was under his rule that development in the field of architecture was seen. Sultan Muhammad had laid down the foundation of the mosque Mecca Masjid in 1617. His son, Abdullah ascended the throne at the age of 12.
He defended the capital and the people from the Mughal attacks several times. He's believed to be a tolerant king and for him the wellness and interest of his people was important to him more than anything else. He was the last ruler of this dynasty and finally in 1687 the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb stormed into the capital city and took Abul Shah as a prisoner of war.
Last Updated on : 4/6/2012