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Who were Dravidians in India?

March 15, 2013
Dravidians in India

Dravidians in India

Some people claim that the Dravadians originally inhabited the Northern part of India and were later pushed to the southern part of the country by the Aryans. Hence about 28% of Indians are Dravidians and reside in South India with one of the Dravadian languages as their main language, which includes, Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, Kannada and Tulu. The Dravidian language has three subgroups, namely North Dravidian, Central Dravidian and South Dravidian. In present day India, the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the significant regions with a Dravidian population, the rest 72% are Aryans, residing in North India.The  difference in the origin of these languages is the reason of the different South and North Indian accents. We know very little about the Dravidian people in India, who used to reside in the country before the Aryans invaded Northern India from Iran and Southern Russia.

It is believed by some linguists that the Dravidian people were well spread all across the Indian sub continent and it is because of this that the Indus Valley civilization (Harappa and Mohenjo Daro) is also referred to as a Dravidian civilization, but whether the Indus Valley civilization is Dravidian or not is still controversial.

Dravidian people residing in present day Central India are tribal people known as Gond people, Kannadigaru Dravidians are from Karnataka, northern Kerala and southern Maharashtra, and northwest Tamil Nadu, Kondha Dravidians are from eastern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, Kodavas Dravidian people from Karnataka and northern Kerala. Then there are Kurukh, Malayali, Tamil, Telugus and Tuluvas people who belong to Dravidians in India.

Dravidians were actually peace loving farmers and they were not trained in any kind of warfare. It is believed that when the Aryans invaded India, they pushed the Dravidians to the Southern part, as the Aryans were skilled fighters and came prepared with weapons and chariots. Also Dravidians, had a very sophisticated culture and used to worship all forms of life like herbs, and plants. With the coming of the Aryans, the concept of heaven and God came into existence which dramatically changed  society.

Not much is known about the Dravidians, so only archaeological and linguistic studies are the main source of information about them. Dravidian people have dark complexion, dark black hair and eyes and large foreheads. Because of structural similarities, it is also believed that Dravidians has an African origin. As per this anthropological and genetic data, these people migrated from Africa and reached South India via the southern route about 50,000 years ago. Because of rivers and fertile soil they stayed in India in large numbers, than other parts of world.

But there are many theories and studies that explain the origin of Dravidians, their link to Africa, Aryan invasion and Dravidian’s migration to South India. But all the theories state the fact that Dravidians were a very classy and skilled race of people.

For more related information, you may refer to the following:

Reasons for the Decline of the Harappan Civilization

The Myth of the Aryan

Facts about the Indus Valley Civilization

 The Gupta Period

Neolithic period 

 

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Comments
Showing 26 Comments :
Vineeth Prabhanandan August 31, 2014 at 1:54 pm

Funny how you are trying to misinterpret History …I know from the history that how you aryans try to conquer our civilisation our culture and innovations …the indus valley civilisation is of dravidian origin and there is no doubt in that …the only doubt is that what is your origin …it is clear that you are not of indian origin …try to follow your own roots …leave us alone we don’t need any aryan north indians to teach us our culture …one day we will achieve our goal of a ” dravidian Nation”

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Im a telugu and fully support the aryan-dravidian theory,and i consider my self as a dravidian…don’t try to eliminate the current South Indians ancient identity by saying aryan dravidian theory is a hoax, all those writer who write about this and claim this is a hoax are not professional,certified or accredited historian,archaeologist or sanskriti…some are computer science graduate,another guy is a mathematician,another guy hold degree in agriculture, most of them are BJP/hindutva supporters.

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the kannadigas and telegus do not come under proto dravisdian family. you please learn some really history and recent findings. the aryan dravidian theory is haox. the so called tamilians migrated from africa after the drift and drought in that area. the kannadigas and telegus migrated from indus valley. the kanarese are indiginous people native to the land. the mahisa race(people of mahisaasura mardhini), telegus living telegana(similar to caneresa in origin, native to telegana, there other telegus in seemandhra are from north india(similar to UP and bihar people in origin and DNA studies. historians have classified tamils, bengalis, malyalees and even kashmiris in to proto dravidian family in origin.

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    It is such a racist comment. What is your proof regarding telugus and Kannadigas are descendents of Indus valley? If true what is the oldest available text proving your “theory”? Why is the structures found today in Andhra and Karnataka date centuries younger than the ones found in Indus valley, next to which comes the ones from Tamil Nadu? If Kannadigas are migrated from Indus valley then why their architecture follows today’s so called “Tamil” architecture?(According to your comment) What is their history between collapse of Indus valley, cities in Tamil Nadu and later medival times?

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The term Aryan race was derived with the motive of racism & white supremacy by people western (causacian) origin. That is why Adolf Hitler believed he was Aryan & of a superior race. But most Nazis believe that Aryans are “blond”, “blue-eyed” and are heavy framed. Going by this definition, North Indians do not fit it. On the contrary they fit the description of Persians/Middle east people. It is believable that the people of middle east entered India because of the bountiful nature that India has as compared to the desert like conditions in middle east.
Even the dressing style of North Indians is close to “Muslim” cultures. The salwar resembles the harem pants. Even the long kurtas resemble the arab wear. Moreover north indian women use veil (like Muslims) which is not prevalent in south india. In temples south indians do not cover their heads while northies do. There is so much similarity between hindu-north indians & muslims. So there should be a common origin – Persia/Middle east. South indian people are scholarly whereas North indian people are make better enterpreneurs (like their muslim counterparts who make good traders). Too many similarities to be just coincidental.

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    Please stop messing things up here’s my findings it is clear hope u understand.
    @deepa ,let me clear ur muslim persio link . Acc. To me indian culture is not evolved from the persian but the fact is persians have been influenced by both mangolian,european and indian culture ,indians wear a complete wear which are modified by arabs who have been descendent of european clans their wear of men resemble to mangolian clan and roman type ethnic and womens dress have modification from indo-roman/greek wear , you feel this real when you find that the gods and ancestors have coherence and identical with that the jews worshiped gods and ancestors .And another fact is the arab wears have been changing often persian ethnic wear was diff. From that of the wear after muslim era and diff. After crusades so whats the link to indian culture which is of great planning ,socially advanced ,ordered ,scientific huh don’t just spred your wrong stupid thinkings here use it to tell stories further cmnts are welcomed i will try my level best to clarify.
    *And regarding the race in indian there is a lot of complex things to deal with we find black race all over india thats just modification to specific area just like evolution concept adoption in animals and plants all are of indian origin and theres nothing called aryan or dravidan race thats the concept of western historians to split the harmony and oness of indians , who r they to say that indians know what our history is it is thousands of years older than their culture/civlization took birth the barbarian attitude of them until 16th century wasnt found in indian history at all that show we were civilized and more socialized before the records are found thats our greatness . Further classification will be given in my next post share it folks

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    krishna prasad July 21, 2014 at 5:23 pm

    ya..even Sanskrit and other north indian languages are sub family of indo iranian language..

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There in no concept like Dravidian and Aryan. it is a fiction created by British historian to keep the divisive fires burning.
based on a detailed sampling of DNA across India by govt agencies one thing has come out clearly that the DNA samples have common ancestry across south and north india.

want more surprises even the east India folks (trust me) including people from Arunachal to all the way tibet. have the same DNA stream.

so stop repeating this divisive discussion. type DNA sampling of India in google. and see for yourself.

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    Every one in the world know it true evidence are available but not in India out side of India to protect archaeologist artifacts from northern Indians. Indus god belongs to Indus valley or Tamil civilian its not Hindus god this comments for all who disagree with.

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I disagree with the assumptions made in your article, you have stated “Dravidians were actually peace loving farmers and they were not trained in any kind of warfare” which is simply incorrect. The dravidians are the real Indians who has all skills except marketing, Dravidians are warriors since before Ramayan period, I invite you to visit temples in Tamilnadu to feel the legacy and excellency of art which cant be felt anywhere in this world. To write about Dravidians you should first studyTamil and its literature’s, The oldest existing language is Tamil, many north indian Languages including Sanksrit has Tamil words, The so called major religions in the world originated 2000 years ago, we have classy literature’s in Tamil which were written centuries ago, Tamil Community is the origin of Human race the evidence for saying this is TAMIL Language.

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    Well said Sir. Karthikeyan. I just don’t understand that why there people always try to play us down.

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    SomeoneNotToMessWith May 18, 2014 at 7:54 am

    Are u sure its Tamil and not Telugu? Cause maybe its because u and I are just being biased because its the language we speak….so Please calm yoself honey.

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The Aryan invasion theory is not at all a fiction of imagination, but a reality. Even Dravidians migrated from Mediterranean region, that’s why Dravidian language having some similarities with Elamite language & Uralic language. Aryans & Dravidians both are of Caucasoid race. Not all Dravidians are dark. Majority of Kannadigas, Tuluvas, & Telugus are having similar complexion as Maharastrians, Biharis, Utter Pradeshis & Madya Pradeshis. Most of the Bengalis are darker than Deccan Daravidians. Only Gujratis, Sindis, Panjabis & Kashmiris are having fairer complexion, this may be because foreign (mlechcha) settlements of Scynthians, Tocharians, Indo-Greeks, Parthians, Kambojas & Hunas in these areas. Indian population is mixture of Aryans, Aryo-Mlechchas, Aryo-Dravidians, Aryo-Himalayans, Aryo-Asiatics, Aryo-Negritos, Dravidians, Dravido-Aryans, Dravido-Himalayans, Dravido-Asiatics, Dravido-Negritos,Austro-Asiatics, Asiato-Negritos, Negritos, Tibeto-Burmans, Tibeto-Himalayans & other Aryanised or Dravidianised or Asiatised or Tibetised Primitive Tribes. After 700 AD Turks, Mongols, Afganis, Persians, Turko-Mongols, Turko-Afganis, Perso-Afganis, Perso-Turks, Perso-Mongols, Afgano-Turks, Afgano-Persians, Afgano-Mongols also settled in India.

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This is outrageous racism, follow proof from science and archeology.try not to get too personally involved in this .have an open mind ,dont be bias. the truth will always come out.we should not be looking at the dravidians from a personal religious standpoint.the dravidians being black is the real issue here with the caste system and the dark versus light skin in india that has everyone bleaching there skin all of the bollywood stars look white. what disrespect to the ancestors.some pride inda has.they let invaders make them ashamed of there own roots and beautful skin that god and there mothers gave them.India should love their selves and ancestors no matter what color their skin was you wouldnot be here without them. ignorance has no place here.those religious books have been written to teach spirituality not history.we cannot trust them for history.archeologists have found many sites older than 6000 years old.so someone has lied to all the masses.the truth will set you free.follow the science it always speaks for itself.anyway whats wrong with being descended from Africa. Africans are a great group of ancestors, they have given allot to civilizations all over the world.do your homework people read books not just religious stuff.THIS IS 2014 WAKE UP .KNOW THYSELF. love yourself

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some points you wrote about dravians are wrong sister

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With respect to some of the comments the origin of man is no mystery. He did not originate in Africa – that is pure speculation at best and not in the least provable. Neither is he an evolutionary progression of the apes but a totally separate and unique creation that was given a perfect start by his Creator just over 6000 years ago.The first man and woman were placed in a paradise garden situated in what is today eastern Turkey. Archaeological finds rather prove the Biblical account in Genesis to be accurate in that after a global Deluge had wiped wickedness from off the earth (this is testified to and embellished upon in many legends and religions) man migrated down into Mesopotamia roughly 4500 years ago. From Noah and his three sons all nations and tongues have spread out into all the earth.

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saint.raghavendra theertha was born in kumbakonam.madhwacharya an incarnation of bhima was born in sirsi-karnataka.saint.ramanuja an incarnation of adisesha was born in tamilnadu.sripada srivallabha an incarnation of lord.dattatreya was born in pithapuram-andhra pradesh.appaiah dikshitar an incarnation of lord.shiva was born in tamilnadu.maharishi.agastya the father of tamil language still is residing in the remote corner of southindia as per puranas.so there are two sides of a coin for everything.

jai!manikprabhu!

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adi shankara an incarnation of lord.shiva travelled north and established 4 mathas.then near narmada deheated mandana misra also an incarnation of lord.brahma.and later made mandana misra as the head of sringeri mutt.which is also the school for yajurveda philosophy.

similarly lord.ram an incarnation of lord.vishnu came down south in search of mother goddess.now tell me hasn’t both north and south been sanctified?

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sasank dhulipudi October 18, 2013 at 10:14 pm

elugu is a form of sanskrit and prakrit languages….
Prakrit language is a indo iranian and indo aryan using language…
So telugu people belong aryans or dravidians? As there language depends?

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origin of man is a mystry and now of dravid,aryan and negroid and so on will lead us to nowhere .we must respect one and all to lead a peacefull life on earth or trying to be being superior will simply lead to criticism, since we have no evidence and some don’t believe to evidences

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why is it the orgin of human race is fixed to africa and that they are said to migrate to different places. could thay not have orginated at every place and their traits differ from place to place. further all the continents were said to be together and they disintegrated to form different continents. and in that process the human race could have satyed in the places. could it be so then there is no question of migration.

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    The oldest fossils of homo sapiens are found in Africa. Hence it is believed that man first originated there.

    All the continents were indeed joined once millions of years ago. Breaking up of continents started long before Jurassic period (Dynasaurs). During Jurassic period no big mammal survived, except may be rats, squrrels. Monkeys and then apes are believed to have evolved from them.

    Apes which evolved just a few milions years ago could not have reached all continents by sea. Hence it is believed that fully evolved ape travelled to other continents and acquired different characters.

    Secondly two different species living in two different continents cannot evolve into same species. Such evolutionary trends very rare.

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      Homo Sapiens have only a history of 200,000 years. We need an open discussion about the proof-based history of Adivasi aboriginals, Dravidians and Aryans who came over and settled in India and the evolution of their societies and religious beliefs as of now.

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    Hi,
    The Aryan invasion theory is a fiction of imagination fed by western historians. I would advise the author to get her facts right. Yes, there are anthropological differences but trying to feed mis-information with further mis-information is not going to help this country. Latest scientific evidences point to Indian civilisation being far more ancient that the Indus civilization. So, please stop spreading mis-information.

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    Yes, this looks the closest to a real sensisble explanation rather than some weird theory explaining invasion..

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