The Tripura has a couple of policies, which have helped and are still helping the state to progress in all the various spheres of life. Tripura government is also taking a lot of initiative to spread mass awareness of the various policies meant for the development of the region.
The National Liberation Front of Tripura is a significant part of the history of government of Tripura. It was established in the year 1989 with an aim to establish a separate identity of Tripura as a full-fledged state.
The government of Tripura follows parliamentary democracy. And the people who reside in the district are allowed to vote. The three major parts of the government at Tripura are legislature, judiciary system and Tripura Legislative Assembly. The Deputy Speaker or the Speaker controls the meetings of the assembly. The chief minister heads the council of ministers. This council has the executional power of the state. Three governor is appointed by the Indian President. The post of the governor is an ornamental and respectful position.
There are two main political parties in Tripura. These are the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Indian National Congress. Currently, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) is the ruling party.
There are several Tripura Political Parties that are vying to attain a stronghold in the political scenario of the northeast Indian state. Apart from the dominant national parties like the Congress and the CPI (M), several prominent state parties have mushroomed in the state. Although these parties are local state based political groups, they are by no means insignificant and are doing phenomenal work to make their presence felt.Amongst the notable political parties of Tripura, the Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura is one of the noteworthy parties that was formed on 9th June 1997 by the coalition of the Tripura Tribal National Conference with the Tripura Hill People's Party.The insurgence operations and the guerrilla attacks of the National Liberation Front of Tripura indirectly paved the way for the Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT) to win the elections. Another leading political party that spearheads the governance of Tripura is the Janganotantrik Morcha (People's Democratic Front). Popularly known by the acronym PDF, the party was formed by Ajoy Biswas, a disgruntled member of the CPI(M) who had failed to secure a Lok Sabha ticket for the upcoming elections. The formation of this party, however resulted in a lot of political unrest in the state that was caused by a divide in the teacher's movement of the CPI (M).
The current Governor of Tripura is Devanand Konwar. He took charge of the office of Tripura's Governor on 25 March 2013 and is still holding the position. He was born in 1943.
In his political career, Konwar the joined Congress as a student leader in 1955. He has served as the governor of Bihar from 29 June 2009 to 21 March 2013. He has also been the Governor of West Bengal from December 2009 to 23 January 2010. He has been a cabinet minister in Hiteswar Saikia as well as Tarun Gogoi governments.
Konwar began his career as a lecturer at the Cotton College, Guwahati. In 1961, he worked as marketing manager in Mumbai at the American Standard Vacuum Oil Company for seven years. He set up the Guwahati College in 1968-69 and became its founder principal. In November 1969, he joined Gauhati high court and the Supreme Court. He has served as a government advocate for the states of Tripura, Assam, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh.
Cabinet of Ministers
The Cabinet Ministers of Tripura take several important decisions in matters related to the social, economic and political development of the state. Some of the well known Cabinet Ministers of Tripura who hold important portfolios are:
- Shri. Aghore Debbarma is the head of the Departments of Agriculture, Tribal Welfare (Excluding TRP, PTG), Animal Resource Development.
- Shri. Badal Choudhury is in charge of the Departments of Finance, Revenue, Public Works(Excluding Drinking water and sanitation)
- Shri. Tapan Chakraborty is in charge of the Departments of School Education, Health and Family welfare and Law.
- Shri. Manik Dey is the head of the Departments of Power, Urban Development, Rural Development (Panchayat), Transport.
- Shri. Jitendra Choudhury heads the Departments of Rural Development (Excluding Panchayat), Forest, Industries & Commerce (Including Information Technology).
- Shri. Khangendra Jamatia is in charge of the Departments of Co-operation, Fisheries, Home (Fire service).
- Shri Manindra Reang (CPI) heads the Departments of Tribal Welfare (TRP & PTG), Home (Jail), Printing and Stationary.
- Smt.Bijita Nath is in charge of the Departments of Social Welfare & Social Education, Welfare of OBC and Science, Technology and Environment.
- Shri. Sahid Choudhury is in charge of the Departments of Minority Development, Labour and Sports and Youth Affairs.
- Shri. Bhanu Lal Saha is in charge of the Departments of Higher Education, Food, Civil supplies and Consumers Affaires, Information and Cultural Affairs and Election.
- Shri Ratan Bhowmik is in charge of the Departments of Welfare of Scheduled Caste (SC), Public Works (Drinking Water and Sanitation) and Tourism.
The Judiciary of Tripura comprises of a department of Law that takes note of all the legal cases of the state. The Law Department of Tripura is headed by the honorable Chief Minister of the state, Shri Manik Sarkar. An integral part of Tripura Government, the State Judiciary deals with civil as well as criminal cases.
The Law Department of Tripura has introduced several measures to effectively deal with the judicial cases of the state. The Nodal Officers of the Law Department hold responsibility for quick dispatch of cases related to a particular department. The Nodal Officers keep a record of the development of a particular case and accordingly inform the Law Department. The Law Department further takes important decisions in regard to the expansion of infrastructure of the state judiciary, construction of new buildings for courts, formation of new posts in the field of judiciary and maintenance of budget for the state judiciary.
The Tripura Government Departments are responsible for the administration of the various sectors of the state's economy as well as the infrastructure. The government of the northeast Indian state is trying its level best to spruce by the basic facilities and augment the state's prospects for growth and development.
Amongst the various core departments of the Government of Tripura, the following deserve special mention:
- Police Department, Tripura
- Directorate of Handloom, Handicrafts and Sericulture, Tripura
- Industries and Commerce Department, Tripura
- Commissioner of Taxes and Excise, Tripura
- Directorate of Economics and Statistics
- Forest Department, Tripura
- Directorate of Planning and Coordination, Tripura
- Rural Development Department, Tripura