Flora and Fauna



Gujarat is rich in its store of flora and fauna. The geography of Gujarat boasts of having a wide variety of flora and fauna which are spread throughout its length and breadth.

In Gujarat, one can find as many as 500 varieties of mammals, more than 2000 species of birds, a wide range of insects, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, etc. - this aspect, indeed, makes Gujarat rich in terms of flora and fauna.

Some of the important mammals found in Gujarat are:
  • black bucks
  • nilgai
  • chitals
  • wild boar
  • four horned antelope
  • hyenas
  • rusty spotted cats, etc.
A large number of other animals like snakes, lizards, crocodiles, scorpions, bees, silkworm, Lac insect, etc., are found in the forest of Gujarat. Some of the dangerous breed of animals are also found in forests of Gujarat, such as mosquitoes and locusts which are fatal both for mankind and animals.

The flora and fauna of Gujarat is incomplete without a reference to the birds. Many kinds of birds are found here, such as:
  • peacock
  • parrots
  • pheasants
  • geese ducks
  • cranes, etc.
Flora in Gujarat include a wide variety of vegetation. A wide range of climatic condition facilitates the prevalence of many types of flora. In Gujarat, we find more than 400 species of flora. The flora in Gujarat include one of the largest dry deciduous forests in the western region of India, including trees like:
  • teak
  • Boswellia serrata
  • Anogeissus latifolia
  • Diospyros, etc.
Owing to the arid climate, the flora and fauna of Gujarat also possess a wide range of xerophytic vegetation. This kind of vegetation include:
  • Acacia arabica
  • Acacia leucophloea
  • Capparis ophylla
  • Zizyphus mauratiana, etc.
Therefore, as it is evident, Gujarat has an enormous store of flora and fauna. In fact, it has one of the major forests in India, i.e. the Gir Forest which has the highest number of Asian lions. Incredible!



Last Updated on : 30 September 2011







     


     

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