Topography in Gujarat

Topography of Gujarat shows a wide range of physical features ranging from physiology, drainage, soil to coastal and marine environment, etc. In terms of topography, Gujarat shows a wide variation.
The topography of a land indicates the varied landscape and physical features; and the topography of Gujarat is no exception to this!
Gujarat is located near the Thar desert; therefore most of the land is dry and arid in nature. Moreover, the topography of Gujarat is characterized by the small hilly tracts especially around the Rann of Kutch region.
Gujarat is is located between 20°01' to 24°07' north latitudes and 68°04' to 74°04' east longitude, and covers an area of 195,984 square kilometers. Thus spread over a vast area, the topography of Gujarat is divided into 3 major regions, namely:
  • The Peninsular - the region, which is also known as Saurashtra, is essentially a hilly tract.
  • The Kutch - It is a barren and rocky area containing the great Rann. The Rann is further divided into the Greater Rann and the Lesser Rann.
  • The mainland that extends from the Rann of Kutch and the Aravalli hills to the river Damanganga.
  • Ahmedabad
  • Vadodara
  • Jamnagar
  • Junagadh
  • Gandhinagar
  • Wetlands: Gujarat is rich in wetland resources, which are present in the form of:
    • lakes
    • salt marshes
    • creeks
    • mudflats
    • estuaries
    • swamps
    • reservoirs, etc.
    • deep black soil
    • coastal alluvial soil
    • medium black soil
    • grey brown soil
    • calcareous medium black soil
    • clayey soil
    • sandy soil, etc.
    Thus, it can be concluded that the topography of Gujarat is divided into many regions based on the texture of the land and its geographical features.

    Last Updated on : 30 September 2011