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10 Most Polluted Cities of India

May 21, 2016

 

10 most polluted  indian citiesRecent Update:  As per the latest report of World Health Organisation data, Kanpur has topped the list of the most polluted city in India.Faridabad is the second most polluted city, while Varanasi third. 

In the recent study held by WHO in 2018, it came to light that while Delhi has seen a marginal decline in level of pollution, the other cities in India have joined the other global cities with the highest levels of particulate matter (PM). About 14 Indian cities found their names among the top 15 most polluted cities in the world.The WHO’s urban air quality database covers more than 4,300 cities across 108 countries and the ranking was based on the annual mean pollution levels for the year 2016.

Pollution Index

The pollution of a certain region is gauged through the pollution index which is an estimation of the pollution in the overall region, with maximum weightage given to air pollution, followed by water and other types of pollution. To put matters in perspective, while the annual mean of PM 2.5 in (ug/m3) of New York and London is 9 and 15, that for Delhi is 122.

Air Quality Monitoring

The pollution levels in the Indian cities have increased due to surge in construction work, boom in industrial activity and sharp spike in use of vehicles. The Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities are not equipped to deal with this sudden rise in pollution and have poor air quality monitoring systems. Hence, smaller cities such as Agra, Raipur, Faridabad, Ludhiana and Patna report more poor air quality days than metropolitan cities such as Delhi and Bengaluru.

India's-Most-Polluted-Cities

Here is a list of the 10 cities in India that feature in the list of the most polluted cities:

1.Kanpur

Kanpur, known for its leather and shoe industries, has top-numbered the WHO’s list of the most polluted Indian cities with the dirtiest air in a survey on Wednesday. The pollution levels of the state were five times more than the WHO’s recommended safe limit.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 173µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 319µg/m3

2.Faridabad

Faridabad, a city in the National Capital Region, is the second most polluted city in the country as confirmed by the report on air pollution of World Health Organisation (WHO). Faridabad has become the dustiest city of Haryana as the construction of commercial complexes and highrises is in progress.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 172µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 316µg/m3

3.Varanasi

The holy city of Varanasi stands third among the 14 most polluted cities In India in the WHO’s report on air pollution. The city has been facing acute problems of air pollution due to developmental activities.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 151µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 260µg/m3

4.Gaya

Gaya, the only heritage city in Bihar, has been declared the fourth most polluted city of the world according to the WHO report. The air of this holy place has become polluted due to developmental activities in the city and the open burning of garbage on the roads.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 149µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 275µg/m3

5.Patna

Patna is the fifth most polluted city in India in terms of PM 2.5 concentration as per the report of WHO. Suspended road dust particles, emission from vehicles and smoke undulating out of brick furnace have been linked to higher level of respiratory suspended particulate matter (PM 10) in Patna.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 144µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 266µg/m3

6.Delhi

The city occupies the sixth spot in the latest WHO’s report and has recorded its highest pollution levels in six years. This increase in the pollution levels is caused due to the high industrial and vehicular emmissions, construction work and the burning of crops in the adjoining states.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 143µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 292µg/m3

7.Lucknow

Lucknow is among the most polluted cities in the world in terms of PM 2.5 level. The traffic in the city, burning of garbage in the nearby areas and unproper construction work is the key contributor to the pollution.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 138µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 255µg/m3

8.Agra

Home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal, Agra is one of the most sought after tourist destinations. However, increase in pollution due to increased mining and dry sand is affecting the tourism industry in Agra. It’s also affecting one of the most magnificent monuments in the world.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 131µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 195µg/m3

9.Muzaffarpur

Muzaffarpur stands on the ninth position in the list of most polluted cities in WHO’s report even thought this city is neither big center of industry nor a hub of factories. The main source of the air pollution is PM 2.5 which is a microscopic matter.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 120µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 221µg/m3

10.Srinagar

Srinagar hit a dangerous pollution levels every winters when PM 2.5 was recorded five times more than the permissible limit mainly due to the use of coal for domestic purpose. Rapid urbanisation, use of biofuel and the concentration of economic activity were the main contributors to air pollution in Srinagar.
Harmful particles less than 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5): 113µg/m3
Harmful particles less than 10 micrometres (PM10): 169µg/m3

The report of World Health Organisation is a mirror to our irresponsible behaviour towards the environment. We foster to grow and develop but forget about the impending results of this development. It’s high time we should seek appropriate measures to safeguard our environment otherwise soon they will be no one left to enjoy this development in the near future.

Read More:

Air pollution in India
River Pollution in India
Pollution in Delhi – Types, Causes, and Steps to control it
Plastic Pollution: A Threat to Ecosystem
Air Pollution in Delhi is Caused by Vehicles

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10 Most Polluted Cities of India
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Here is a list of the cities in India that features in the list of the most polluted cities.


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I am an Indian...Wedded to the Olive Green, I believe I belong to the Silent Ranks. I am extremely perturbed by the social issues concerning India. I in my own capacity am trying to bring about that change for a brighter tomorrow.

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Showing 2 Comments :

Not agree with listed cities for 2016
Pls check once Bangalore too. The environment presently available will make you suffering from sinus problems.

I usually travel in multy cities.

Thanks,
Pavan

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superme awesome job

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