What are Millets and its types?

Millets are small-seeded resilient crops that can develop well in drier or rain-fed regions with minimum soil quality and humidity levels. They are among the earliest crops. Millets are grown in low-fertility, tribal and rain-fed, and mountainous areas. Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana are some of the states which grow these.

Millets could grow from seeds to fully prepared crops in as little as six weeks because of their short growing period. Millets could be preserved for up to 2 years if maintained correctly.

Here are some of the varieties of millets:

  • Finger Millet (Ragi)

Ragi is the colloquial name for finger millet. Fitness lovers frequently ingest it as a healthy substitute for rice and flour. This is a carbohydrate Millet that is high in nutrients and amino acids. Finger millet is also supposed to improve brain development in youngsters.

It is rich in calcium and contains adequate amounts of iron with other minerals. In the antioxidant properties of classic Indian meals, Ragi has a significant amount of necessary amino acids that the human body needs.

  • Foxtail Millet (Kakum)

In India, Foxtail Millet is called Kakum and is mainly sold as semolina or white rice. It contains the required carbs, which enable the body’s blood glucose levels to stay in check. Iron is abundant in these millets. Foxtail millet can boost overall resistance.

  • Sorghum Millet (Jowar)

Sorghum Millet (Jowar) is another common millet used to produce Chapatis and some other bread in India. Jowar is the local name for it. Natural Jowar is high in iron, protein, and fibre and can significantly decrease bad cholesterol due to the content of policosanols.

Jowar millet is also higher in carbs and macronutrients and contains antioxidants. Sorghum helps in the improvement of metabolism.

  • Pearl Millet (Bajra)

Pearl millet, also known as Bajra, is among the largest widely consumed millets. It comes in various forms, including roti, and has numerous health advantages.

Iron, fibre, and minerals like magnesium and calcium are all found in Bajra. Frequent pearl millet consumption can be good for the body, such as assisting you in battling type II diabetes.

  • Barnyard Millet

Barnyard Millet, commonly referred to as Sanwa, is a well-known millet. It contains an adequate quantity of dietary fibres, which help weight loss and enhance digestion. It’s high in vital nutrients, which can help you build stronger bones.

  • Kodo Millet

Kodo Millet, commonly called Kodon Millet, is a millet that contains more lecithin. This help and has a significant impact on the neurological system’s function. Kodo is high in B vitamins, including niacin, B6, folic acid, and various essential nutrients. It comprises minerals such as calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and zinc. It’s ideal for people who should not consume gluten because it is gluten-free.

  • Broomcorn

It is also called proso millet and maintains blood sugar levels under control. Its minimal glycemic index has turned it into a weight-loss obsession.