With the rise of COVID-19 infections in the US and other countries across the world, at this juncture, the World Health Organisation needs additional funding in the fight against the deadly pandemic. But here where the global health organisation has fallen on the wrong side of the US President.
Trump withdraws WHO’s funding
US President Donal Trump has openly called out the WHO is bias. He has accused WHO Chief Tedros Adhanom of playing favouritism for China. Following these sharp remarks, President Donald Trump has made an unbelievably announced that the US is halting its funding to the World Health Organisation (WHO). He said the review would cover the WHO’s “role in severely mismanaging and covering up the spread of coronavirus”.
Poor nations to be badly hit
The US is the biggest contributor to WHO. Unfortunately, America is the worst-hit country by novel coronavirus with over 600,000 cases and 24,000 deaths. It has surpassed the worst-case scenarios of China and Italy. But the decision to halt funding at this critical moment would not only affect the functioning of WHO but also hurt the endeavour to cope with the virus in poorer countries.
US biggest contributor to WHO
The US contributes over $400 million to $500 million every year to WHO and China funds nearly $40 million. But China has also shown concern over Trump’s decision.
The US is the most significant contributor to WHO. As per the WHO website, the US funds 14.67 per cent, which is the biggest source of funding for the World Health Organisation. Then comes the number of private organisations like Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which contributes over 9.76 per cent. Geneva-based GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance (Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation) public-private global health partnership organisation donates 8.39 per cent to WHO.
The other significant contributors are the United Kingdom (UK) with 7.79 per cent and Germany with 5.98 per cent of the donations. Apart from the US, these two are the only countries in the world that fund over 5 per cent of the total financial budget of the UN global health agency.
India donates 0.48%
Japan’s contribution is 2.73 per cent; China donates a meagre 0.21 per cent, the contribution of India is more than two-time of China i.e. 0.48 per cent while surprisingly Pakistan funds 0.36 per cent, which is more than China to the world health agency.
Int’ l agencies healthy contribution
Some noted international agencies have been making a healthy contribution to WHO. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) makeover 5.09 per cent of the contribution, the donation by the World Bank is 3.42 per cent. Rotary International donates 3.3 per cent, and the European Commission provides 3.3 per cent to WHO. In comparison, the National Philanthropic Trust (NPT) donates 2.34 per cent, the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) gives 2.24 per cent to the United Nations Health agency.
80% contribution from member-state & NGOs
The voluntary contribution is the largest source of funding that is received by the World Health Organisation. Almost 80 per cent of the fund comes to WHO from the present 194 member-state and NGOs.
Every nation has been contributing to WHO. In the time of crisis, it would be a difficult task to tackle the deadly novel coronavirus if WHO doesn’t get sufficient funds.
Time to remain united
Currently, the entire world is passing through a critical stage. At this point, solidarity and unconditional support from every nation are necessary to win a war against the life-threatening COVID-19 outbreak.