Lyme Disease: Meaning, Symptoms and Treatment

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection or disease that is caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. The bacteria are transmitted to humans by a bug bite from a bug after feeding on infected animals.

The disease is most likely to be transmitted in wooded areas. People who own livestock are also at risk of getting Lyme disease.


The symptoms of Lyme disease differ based on the progress of the disease, and early diagnosis symptoms are milder compared to a later stage.

Common symptoms of Lyme disease

• Red rash on the body

• Fatigue

• Headaches

• Muscle pain

• Joint pain

• Difficulty in concentrating on work

• Heart-related issues

• Numbness in body parts or a tingling feeling

Symptoms in children

• Joint pain

• Fever

• Flu-like symptoms


A blood test is the best way to rule out various causes if you feel any symptoms.

A physical exam to check for any rashes on the body.

PCR or polymerase chain reaction is another test used to evaluate nervous systems for Lyme disease.


An early diagnosis is the best way to stop the disease from progressing and treating it.

The bacteria is difficult to treat. It can form cysts which are immune to antibiotics. Relapsing after treatment is a common occurrence among Lyme disease patients. Certain medications can provide temporary relief, but long-term relief is not promised.

Other treatments are suggested for patients, such as an anti-inflammatory diet, regular exercise and proper, timely checkups.

Is the disease contagious?

There is no evidence that shows Lyme disease is contagious. It is an infection caused by a bacteria-carrying bug that can’t be transmitted to humans.

How can you prevent this?

To protect yourself from catching Lyme disease,

• Wear full-sleeved shirts and pants when handling wild or non-domestic animals or walking outdoors in wooded areas.

• Keep your house and your backyard clean. Make sure your pet is clear of all ticks or bugs.

• Use tick repellent powders or shampoos for your pets.