What is Solar Energy? Know Uses and Types

Solar panel

Being one of the renewable energies and in abundance, solar energy is the change in energy from the sun (a huge nuclear reactor). One can use it with numerous technologies such as solar panels. Solar is the fastest, clean thoroughly, one of the inexpensive, renewable energy resources, and acts as a vital part in the future of global energy for sustainability.

It is one of the key sources which maintains weather systems and energy sources on earth. The solar cell panels are undertaken to convert the process of energy into electricity.

The sunlight, which is in bright light and infrared radiation, clears through the earth’s atmosphere. Plants take it up to transform into sugar and starches, and this way of transformation is called photosynthesis. Each hour, solar radiation strikes the planet’s surface to ensure the adequacy of global energy required for approximately a whole year.

Solar power can be put in use and needs changing into the actual usable energy by having photovoltaics or solar thermal capture. The photovoltaic effect takes place, which is the approach by which silicon solar panels capture the sun’s energy and enable electricity across a region or at a specific area. It is for smaller-scale electricity projects such as residential solar panel installations. In contrast, solar thermal capture is only used for electricity production on a large scale in utility solar installations. The deceased temperature variations of solar thermal projects provide heating and cooling.

However, solar energy contains a minuscule amount of global energy. The reduced cost of setting up solar panels implies that several people can take advantage of solar energy at various places. 

Types of Solar Energy

  1. Active solar energy: It primarily considers mechanical devices to capture, store and distribute the energy across the regions.
  2. Passive solar energy: It implies collecting the sun’s energy with no mechanical devices as used inactive. In the UK, an average house passive solar gain amounts to 14% of the heating demand and is often neglected but contributes considerably to energy demand.
  3. Solar thermal energy: Here, the energy is acquired by converting solar energy into heat. It has a black surface that intakes light, heats up and sends the heat into a working fluid. Also, it can be unglazed as well as glazed as per the appearances.
  4. Photovoltaic solar power: This is the energy obtained by solar energy change into electricity and used for smaller installation purposes.
  5. Concentrating solar power: This is a kind of solar thermal energy undertaken to enable solar power electricity. It functions in direct sunshine. The mirror is set on a support that can conform to the sun as it shifts throughout its period in a day. It includes complexity and cost, and that is why they are only used in places having an advantage from a sunny climate with more clear and blue sky days.

Uses of Solar Energy

  1. Warming up of swimming pools: Solar blankets are taken into consideration to maintain the pool’s heating. The alternate method uses a solar water heater to let the water warm for a particular period.
  2. Water heating: Solar energy takes electric heaters and gas as efficiency is increased by 15-30%.
  3. Use in cooking: For cooking any meal, solar cookers are undertaken. Solar energy is used to heat, cook and pasteurize food. A solar cooker comprises a strong heat sink because it gets appropriately cooked when food is set on in it.