Jharkhand Flora and Fauna

Jharkhand flora and fauna have a rich variety. The territory of Jharkhand provides a panoramic view of a wide variety of flora and fauna housed within the territory. In fact, the national parks and the wildlife sanctuaries in Jharkhand offer a rich variety in terms of biodiversity.

Jharkhand Fauna



Jharkhand, which literally means 'the territory of forests', is known for its dense evergreen forests and wildlife. In fact, the state of Jharkhand is known to possess the richest evergreen forests in India. Statistics prove that about 200 species of avifauna is found in the territory of Jharkhand.

Fauna of Jharkhand



Among the major animals that form an integral part of Jharkhand flora and fauna are:
  • Elephant
  • Bison
  • Wolf
  • Antelope
  • Rabbit
  • Fox
  • Sambhar
  • Wild boar
  • Python
  • Squirrel
  • Blue bull
  • Mongoose
  • Jackal
  • Honey badger
  • Malabar giant
  • Tiger
  • Deer
  • Langur
  • Rhesus
  • Python
  • Porcupine
  • Wild cat, etc.
These animals are found in the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries of the territory. Some of the important animal reserves in Jharkhand are:
  • Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Betla National Park, etc.

Jharkhand Flora



Moreover, talking about the flora of Jharkhand, it can be said that the Jharkhand flora mostly consists of dry and moist deciduous forests. It is noteworthy in this context that Jharkhand possess a semi-arid landscape, which suffers an acute shortage of water during the hot summer months: therefore, dry deciduous trees are common in the territory of Jharkhand. Among the important trees that form an important part of the fauna at Jharkhand are sal, jackfruit, jamun, kendu, gambhar, shisham, mahua, katha, lac, pesar, mango, aasan, baheda and bamboo.

Therefore, it is evident that the Jharkhand has rich store of flora and fauna that largely contributes towards the tourism within the state.

Last Updated on : 1 July 2013