Jharkhand Rivers

Among the rivers in Jharkhand, the river Ganges plays a predominant role. Jharkhand rivers are divided into two parts: rivers flowing from the southern part of the Chotanagpur plateau and the rivers flowing from the Chotanagpur plateau towards the north.

It goes without mention that the river Ganges is one of the most important rivers of Jharkhand: the other rivers in Jharkhand flow as tributaries to the river Ganga. Some of the rivers at Jharkhand that join the Ganges from the north are Gandak, Ghaghra, Burhi Gandak, Mahananda, Kosi, etc: whereas the rivers that join Ganga from the southern part of the territory are Sakri, Punpun, Karmansa, Phalgu, Kiul, etc. Besides, the river Damodar, known as the 'Dev' river in Jharkhand, is one of the longest rivers at Jharkhand.

An estimate of the important rivers that deserve a special mention among Jharkhand rivers are as follows:
  • Swarnarekha river:
    • Origin - Chotanagpur Plateau.

  • Sone river:
    • Origin - Amarkantak.

  • Barakar river:
    • Origin - Northern Chotanagpur Plateau.

  • Damodar river:
    • Chotanagpur Plateau.

  • Ajay river:
    • Origin - Munger.

  • South Koyal river:
    • Origin - Chotanagpur Plateau.

  • Shankh river:
    • Gumla district.

  • North Koyal river:
    • Ranchi Plateau.

  • Mayurakshi river:
    • Origin - Trikut hill.

  • Brahmani river:
    • Origin - Dudhwa Hill.

  • Bansloi river:
    • Origin - Bans Hill.

  • Gumani river:
    • Origin - Rajmahal Hills.

  • Sakri river:
    • Origin - Northern Chotanagpur Plateau.

  • Panchanan river:
    • Origin - Chotanagpur Plateau.

  • Phalgu river:
    • Origin - Northern Chotanagpur Plateau.
Furthermore, it can be said that the rivers of Jharkhand play an integral role in the socio-economic aspect of the society. Damodar, Barakar, Koel and Suvarnarekha are the principal rivers of Jharkhand that largely contribute towards the agriculture in the territory. In fact, many dams such as Komar, Maithon, Panchet and Tilaiya have been created, so as to manage the water of the rivers. Thermal power stations at Bokaro and Patratu also contribute towards the economy of the state.

Last Updated on : 1 July 2013