Map of Jharkhand

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Map of Jharkhand Garhwa Palamu Chatra Hazaribag Ramgarh Bokaro Dhanbad Giridih Kodarma Jamtara Dumka Pakur Godda Sahibganj Pashchumi Singbhum Khunti Ranchi Saraikela Kharsawan Purba Singhbhum Simdega Lohardaga Gumla Latehar BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH WEST BENGAL ODISHA CHHATTISGARH Deoghar
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Jharkhand, a Goldmine of Mineral Resources



Introduction


Jharkhand lies in eastern India, formed on November 15, 2000. It shares its borders with Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. It became an independent state after splitting from Bihar. Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand, which is a well-known industrial and academic city of Jharkhand.

Geography


Jharkhand is known as a mining and industrial hub of India with Jamshedpur, Bokaro, and Dhanbad as the highly industrialized cities of eastern India. It is replete with thick forest, mines, and natural beauty. That is why it is well-known as one of the wealthiest states of the country with a skilled workforce, abandoned mineral wealth, and forestry products.

Its cover of thick forests is the natural habitat of tigers and Indian elephants. Jharkhand is the origin of various rivers such as Koel, Damodar, Brahmani, Subarnarekha, and others. Known for its rich flora and fauna, it is home to various national parks and the zoological gardens: Betla National Park, Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary, Udhwa Lake Bird Sanctuary, and Singhbhum Elephant Reserve, Palamu Tiger Reserve.

Demographics


Jharkhand's population is 32,988,134, as per the 2011 census, consisting of 16.93 million males and 16.03 million females. The sex ratio of the state is 947 females to 1,000 males (as per the 2011 census). It occupies the 14th position regarding total occupiers in the country.

About one-third of its population is tribal. There are as many as 32 tribes in Jharkhand, out of these nine are classified as PTG (Primitive Tribe Groups). They are – Asur, Birhor, Birajia, Korwa, Parahiya (Baiga), Sabar, Mal Pahariya, Souriya Pahariya, and Bile Kahria.

Jharkhand has seen a lot of migration from the neighbouring states of West Bengal and Bihar for employment. In this state, tribal communities do not follow Hinduism; they have their own spiritual beliefs called Sarna.

Mineral Wealth


As discussed earlier, Jharkhand is the goldmine of minerals and ores such as iron ore, copper ore, mica, coal, bauxite, manganese, fireclay, china clay, limestone, kainite, graphite, chromites, uranium, thorium, asbestos, gold, silver, and Yemenite. In the production of some of these minerals and ores, Jharkhand ranks among the top three states of India.

Politics


Despite its industrial growth and mineral resources, the people are financially poor, and the civic infrastructure and amenities in the state are substandard. The poor situation in Jharkhand arises due to poor governance and corruption in politics. Annual per capita income is also low. Jharkhand has 24 districts, and the Jharkhand government runs the government machinery, which is assisted by a lobby of IAS officers.

Religions and Language


After sweeping colonization, followers of other religions such as Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity also settled here, but tribal faith Sarna is still growing. Bhojpuri, Hindi, Bengali, and Urdu are the main languages spoken, whereas the tribal people also speak their language: Kharia, Paharia, Bhumij, Mundari, Santhali, and Ho. People of Jharkhand utter some of the Dravidian languages like Oraon and Korwa in the state as well.

Jharkhand State Information

CapitalRanchi
Date of formation15. Nov. 2000
GovernorDraupathi Murmu
Chief MinisterHemant Soren
Tourist attractionsDassam Falls, Sun Temple, Birsa Zoological Park, Jamshedpur Industrial Area
FestivalsBasant Panchami, Chhat Puja, Sarhul, and others
Major dance and music formsAgni and Jhumar dances
Arts and craftsLarge colourful masks made from the dark clay taken from the banks of the River Khakai; Jadu Patua is a form of scroll painting.
LanguagesHindi, Urdu, Santhali
Size79,714 km2 (30,778 sq mi)
Population (Census 2011)32988134
RiversDamodar, Subernarekha, Kharkal and so on
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesBetla (Palmau) NP, Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary
State animalElephant
State birdAsian koel
State flowerPalash
State treeSal
Major cropsPaddy, wheat, maize
FactoidsDhanbad is also known as India's coal capital.
Jharkhand's original inhabitants, the adivasis, revolted against British exploitation of their forests.
No. of District 24


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Last Updated on: May 05, 2021