Haryana is a state in Northern India. The state shares its boundaries with Rajasthan in the south and west, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the north, and the territory of Delhi in the east. The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh and it is also the capital of the neighboring state of Punjab. However, the biggest city of the state is Faridabad. The state was formed on November 1, 1966.
Area and population of Haryana
The total area of the state is 17,070 sq miles or 44,212 km2 which makes it the 20th biggest state in India by area. As laid down by the census performed in 2011, the population of the state is 25,353,081, making it the 16th most populated state in India. The density of population in Haryana is 1,485.212/sq miles or 573.443/km2.
Geographical features of Haryana
Haryana is a non-coastal, interior state. It is located at an altitude of 200 meters to 1200 meters or 700-3600 feet over sea surface. Geographically, the state can be divided into the following regions:
- The Shivalik mountain range in the northeast
- The Yamuna-Ghaggar basin, creating the biggest portion of the state
- The Aravalli mountain range to the south
- Semi-arid sandy plateaus in the southwest
The major rivers of the state are as follows:
Yamuna, Sarasvati, Ghaggar, Markanda, and the Tangri river.
Flora and fauna of Haryana
Woodlands cover a total area of 1,553 km2 of the state. The variety of flora in the state includes eucalyptus, mulberry, kikar, pine, babul and shisham. A wide variety of fauna is seen in Haryana comprising nilgai, blackbuck, fox, panther, jackal, mongoose, and wild dog. Over 300 varieties of birds are seen in the state.
Demographic features of Haryana
The literacy rate of the state is 71.4% and the state occupies the 17th position in India in terms of literacy. About 90% of the population of the state are Hindus, 6.2% are Sikhs, 0.10% Christians, and 4.05% are Muslims. In addition, there are a small number of Jains living in the state. The official language of the state is Hindi. Other languages spoken in the state include Haryanvi, Sanskrit, English, Punjabi and Ahirwati.
Economy of Haryana
Industries like business process outsourcing (BPO), manufacturing, retail and agriculture are the backbone of the state's economy. Service industries also make a significant contribution to the economic development of the state.
Districts in Haryana
There are 21 districts that make up the state of Haryana and they are as follows:
Palwal District, Faridabad District, Mahendragarh District, Gurgaon District, Mewat District, and Rewari District
Kaithal District, Ambala District, Panchkula District, Kurukshetra District, and Yamuna Nagar District
Karnal District, Jhajjar District, Rohtak District, Panipat District, and Sonipat District
Fatehabad District, Bhiwani District, Jind District, Hisar District, and Sirsa District.
Educational institutes in Haryana
Given below are the names of the well-known educational institutes in the state:
Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar, YMCA University of Science and Technology, NIT Kurukshetra, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kurukshetra University, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Manav Rachna College of Engineering, The Technological Institute of Textile & Sciences, Bhiwani, Maharishi Dayanand University at Rohtak University Institute of Engineering & Technology, University Campus (UIET, Rohtak), ITM University at Gurgaon, Manav Rachna International University at Faridabad, Kurukshetra University at Kurukshetra, Chaudhary Devi Lal University at Sirsa, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology at Hisar, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, National Dairy Research Institute, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma PGIMS (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences ) Rohtak, and Management Development Institute (MDI) in Gurgaon.
Tourist attractions in Haryana
The state of Haryana is famous for housing the following tourist attractions:
Kurukshetra, Chandigarh, Sultanpur National Park, Panchkula, Dumdama Lake, Taliyar, Surajkund, Panipat, Badhkal Lake, Rohtak, Bahadurgarh, Jyotisar, Thanesar, Mahendragarh, Panipat, Sonepat, Hissar, Bhiwani, Banwasa, Jhajjar, and Morni Hills.
Haryana State Information
|Date of formation||1. Nov. 1966|
|Governor||Kaptan Singh Solanki|
|Chief Minister||Manohar Lal Khattar|
|Tourist attractions||Sultanpur NP, Rock Gardens|
|Festivals||Gugga Naumi, Lohri Basant Panchmi|
|Major dance and music forms||Sarangi/Ras Leela, Phag Dance|
|Arts and crafts||Shoes called tilla or kasuri juttis are made from buffalo and goat hide; panja dhurries|
|Languages||Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu|
|Size||44,212 sq. km|
|Population (Census 2011)||25,351,462|
|Forests and wildlife sanctuaries||Sultanpur NP, Kalesar NP, Simbalawara WS|
|State bird||Black francolin|
|Major crops||Sugarcane, groundnut, paddy, maize|
|Factoids||Many invaders like the Huns and Alexander's army swept through Haryana.|
|Gugga Naumi is a festival that is observed by both Hindus and Muslims. It honours Gugga Pit who could cure snake bites.|
|No. of District||21|
Last Updated on : October 27, 2014