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National Symbols of India and Their Meaning

April 23, 2013

National symbols of India depict the country’s image and have been chosen very carefully. The national animal, tiger symbolises power; the national flower, lotus symbolises purity;the national tree, banyan symbolises immortality, the national bird, peacock symbolises elegance and the national fruit, mango symbolises the tropical climate of India. Similarly, our national song and national anthem were a source of inspiration during the freedom struggle. The national emblem of India depicts four lions standing back to back, symbolising power, courage, pride and confidence. Hockey was at its peak when it was adopted as the national game of India. Here is some more information about the national symbols of India:

List of National Symbols of India

National Bird of IndiaNational Bird of India:
The peacock, commomly known as Indian peafowl was declared  the national bird of India in 1963, because it was entirely a part of Indian custom and culture. A peacock is a symbol of grace and beauty. Another reason why the peacock was chosen as the national bird was because of its presence across the country, so much so that even common people are familiar with the bird. Moreover, no other country had the peacocok as its national bird either. The peacock fulfilled all these and hence became the national bird of India.

 

TigerNational Animal of India: The tiger is known as the Lord of the Jungle and displays India’s wildlife wealth. Also strength, agility and power are the basic aspect of the tiger. The Bengal Tiger was declared as the national animal of India in April 1973, with the initiation of Project Tiger, to protect the tigers in India. Prior to this, the lion was the national animal of India.

 

National Anthem of IndiaNational Anthem of India:  The national anthem of India is the Hindi version of an anthem which was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore. It was adopted as the national anthem of India on 24 January 1950. Since the Bengali song ‘Vande Mataram’ faced opposition from non-Hindu segments of society, the Jana Gana Mana was adopted as the national anthem of India.

LotusNational Flower of India: The lotus flower has a very significant position in Indian mythology. It is the flower of goddess Laxmi and symbolises wealth, prosperity, and fertility. Also, it grows very uniquely in dirty water with its long stalk far above the water, bearing the flower on the top. The lotus flower remains untouched from impurity. It symbolises purity, achievement, long life, and good fate.

 

MangoThe National Fruit of India: Mangoes are native to India and thus truly Indian. Since time immemorial, mangoes have been cultivated in India. In ancient times as well, deliciousness of mangoes have been defined by many renowned poets. The great Mughal emperor Akbar had planted about 1,00,000 mango trees in Lakhi Bagh in Darbhanga.

 

Vande Matram - National Song of IndiaThe National Song of India: India’s national song was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterjee. It has inspired many freedom fighters during the freedom struggle. Initially ‘Vande Mataram’ was the national anthem of India, but after independence ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as the national anthem. This was done because non-Hindu communities in India had considered Vande Mataram as biased. These communities felt that the nation was represented by ‘Maa Durga’ in the song. So that is why it was made the national song of India and not the national anthem.

 

National Flag of IndiaNational Flag of India: The national flag of India is horizontal rectangular in shape and has three colours – deep saffron, white and green with Ashoka chakra (Wheel of Law) at its centre. It was adopted on 22 July 1947 during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly. It is also called as tricolor. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.

 

HockeyThe National Game of India: In spite of cricket’s huge popularity in India, hockey is still the national game of India. Hockey when declared as the national game was very popular. The game has seen a golden era during 1928-1956, when India won 6 consecutive gold medals in the Olympics. Hockey was considered as the national game because of its unmatched distinction and incomparable talent at the time. At that time India had played 24 Olympic matches and won all of them.

 

National Tree of IndiaThe National Tree of India: The Banyan tree represents eternal life, because of its ever-expanding branches. The country’s unity is symbolised by the trees huge structure and its deep roots. The tree is also known as Kalpavriksha, which means ‘wish fulfilling tree’.The Banyan tree is called so, because the Banyan tree has immense medicinal properties and is associated with longevity. The Banyan tree also gives shelter to many different kinds of animals and birds, which represent India and its people from different races, religions and castes.

 

National Emblem of IndiaThe National Emblem of India: The Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath is the national emblem of India. It consists of four Asiatic Lions standing back to back on a circular abacus. The abacus has sculptures of an elephant, a horse, a bull and a lion. These are separated by wheels in between. The national emblem stands on a full bloomed inverted lotus flower.

 

National River of India - GangaNational River of India: The Ganges or Ganga is the national river of India. According to the Hindus, this is the most sacred river on the earth. In fact, they perform many rituals on the bank of this river. The Indian cities which are famous for this river are Varanasi, Allahabad and Haridwar. Ganga flows over 2510 km of mountains, plains and valleys, and is the longest river in the country.

 

National Currency of IndiaNational Currency of India: Indian Rupee is the official currency of the Republic of India. The flow of this currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The symbol of Indian rupee is derived from the Devanagari consonant “र” (ra). The Indian rupee is named after silver coin, which is called rupiya. It was first issued by Sultan She Shah Suri in the 16th century and later the Mughal Empire continued it.

 

National Heritage Animal of IndiaNational Heritage Animal of India: The national heritage animals of India is Elephant. The Indian elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant and found in the mainland Asia. It is listed as one of the endangered animals by IUCN. It can be spotted at four different regions in the country.

 

National Aquatic Animal of IndiaNational Aquatic Animal of India: The national aquatic animal of India is River Dolphin, which is also called as the Ganges river dolphin. The mammal once used to live in the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna, Kamaphuli and Sangu rivers of India, Bangladesh and Nepal. However, the species is no more found in its early distribution ranges. The river dolphin is essentially blind and lives only in freshwater.

 

National Reptile of IndiaNational Reptile of India: With its length up to 18.5 to 18.8 ft (5.6 to 5.7 m), King Cobra is the national reptile of India. This venomous snake is found in forests in India through Southeast Asia. It preys on other snakes, lizards and rodents. It has its cultural significance as Hindus worship this reptile.

 

Read Also:

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National Library of India


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I am a mother. A wife. And daughter of my loving parents by heart with passion for creativity, zeal to achieve something big in life but want to live life to its fullest.

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Showing 148 Comments :

nice information.
proud to be INDIAN.
Islam
hiNduism
BuDdhism
sikhIsm
JAinism
christiaN.

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Sluate our flag…… Jay Hind

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I am proud to be an Indian. Jindabad India

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I love you….HINDUSTAN…

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national sweet name-jalebi

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I love my Incredible INDIA
BHARAT MATA

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Incredible INDIA.
Our India so great.
Thanks to my India.

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I LOVE MY INDIA ILOVE MY WORLD

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Thanks thanks i love my india

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Me apne desh ko bahut pyar hu
I Love My INDIA

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Me apne desh ko bahut pyar krta hu aur krta rahuga I love my india

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I love my INDIA.

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Đïłłīp ķűmãř August 14, 2016 at 5:30 pm

I Łøve Mý iñđia…..

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My country is great for me ❤I LOVE INDIA

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Mohammad rashid August 12, 2016 at 9:03 pm

SARE JAHAN SE ACCHA HINDUSTAN HAMARA

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I Love My India

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I love my india best and i love gujarat

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I love India

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I LOVE MY COUNTRT
AND I WHANT B
MY COUNTRY IS PEACEFUL

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Mohammed ikram ansari July 30, 2016 at 12:39 pm

My India is a great country

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India swarg hai

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I love india

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Ramanjaneyulu May 21, 2016 at 8:55 am

i love india

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pattabhi hema prasanna lakshmi May 17, 2016 at 2:31 pm

india is a great country in the world map
and i will proud of my country

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i love my india

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I LUV MY INDIA

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Chak de india.BE A PATRIOT.BE AN INDIAN.

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I love you my dear INDIA

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pradeep kr yadav March 30, 2016 at 11:04 pm

proud us motherland of india

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pradeep kr yadav March 30, 2016 at 11:01 pm

nice

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supper knoldge

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proud to be an indian

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Sourav Banerjee March 13, 2016 at 8:46 pm

We are just a part of Incredible India,

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Bikash Debbarma March 8, 2016 at 8:31 am

I love my India

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Good things to know

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I am indian…

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Lot of love and respect to my country INDIA

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The information given for which I was searching that was mango is very less so when i searched for it i didn’t got it deeply pls see to it and am aschool student but other infos are good!!:-)

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Hockey is not nationl game.

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We don’t have national game.

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I LOVE MY INDIA

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Having some national symbol implies that we should be careful for their healthy conservation and also the same responsibility to be adopted for our other natural heritages.

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V.M.Bhuvaneshwari January 2, 2016 at 6:41 pm

I LOVE INDIA

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National flower ne jaher kyare karvama aavyu che

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I love India and i m proud to be an indian

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I love my lndia

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This website give good information to the people….

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I love my india

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I proud to be an Indian

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I LOVE MY INDIA

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Thank you very much

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I am always proud to be an indian

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Very good to increase knowledge

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Avinash kumar sahu (Arjun) November 6, 2015 at 6:00 pm

I love you

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sonali(uzma) khanam October 28, 2015 at 10:10 pm

I LOVE MY COUNTRY VERY MUCH & ALSO PROUD OF MY COUNTRY…………..

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according to the official statement given by court in 2003 there is no national game of india as it is not appproved by india.gov.in

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useful site fr GK

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I LOVE MY INDIA

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INDIA THE GREAT NATION

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I came 2 know about our national symbols

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Very useful news and no images

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I’m very proud to be an Indian India has many beauty in its nature

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I wanna to tell anyone unknown pepople about of india history

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thank you My beautiful half you’re intraction

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It’s great information of great India…..This will help to many more…

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This is help for my son & me also thanks…

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I had used this to my English project

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This for helpful my son& me also

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i want one clarification.what is our national vegetable

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I AM PROUD TO BE AN “INDIAN”…..

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I love my country

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Great sharing about these information. ..proud to be Indian

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KASI VISWANATHAM CHUNDURI August 15, 2015 at 5:25 am

PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN…..I LOVE AN INDIA….. HAPPY I N D E P E N D E N C E DAY…

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I wish to a very happy independence day to all Indian.
15th August,2015

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i m proud to be a indian i love my motherland.

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Rajesh Kumar Navik August 14, 2015 at 6:45 am

I love my India

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everyone shld see this website. It is very informative anduseful for childrens to know more about country. Jai Hind. I love my country.

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Iam very proud that i bron in india.India is a greatest country .I love my india.

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I proud of to be an Indian….
I love my India….jai hind

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India is great places,All overall country .so i love my India.

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excellent work guys………..keep updating

THANKS

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I love my india

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shaju

I love my India

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Very informative. Being an Indian i dint know much about the thing. Very good. Thank you.

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Very informative. Being an Indian i dint know much about the thing. Very good thing.

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thanks for giving information

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satyam agrahari August 4, 2015 at 11:16 pm

I is grat county in world

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India is a great place

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Arifuzjaman Middya August 1, 2015 at 12:22 pm

I love my India

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I love my india

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PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN….!!!

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i love my india

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Avinash kumar sahu July 16, 2015 at 9:24 pm

INDIA IS VERY GREAT COUNTRY I LOVE INDIA

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I LOVE INDIA

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Very useful to all and thanks a lot

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Sorry, but hockey was never declared as the national game of INDIA.

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Vishnu vardhan June 30, 2015 at 10:30 pm

Very helpful nd quiet good…:-)

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very helpful

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I LOVE MY INDIA, becouse MY INDIA IS GREAT COUNTRY.

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Wow fantsstic

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Very nice at all

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Dr R K S Rathore June 18, 2015 at 11:32 am

We need to have more National symbols described such as National language, National Calender, National commitment,National currency, National policy etc.

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It is really awesome . I really happy to say that I am indian . I love my INDIA.

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Barendra Majhi May 21, 2015 at 8:29 pm

thanks,these knowledge are very important for every Indian

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it is very useful and i love my india and indians jai hind

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i love my country INDIA and this information was useful but only querry I have is that hockey is not national sport of india. this article is clearly mentioned in times of india.So please clearify it.

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crucial and thematic information and people knows the main reason putting these as national ones.

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it was very helpful for me.
thanx………

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Very helpful

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Rachana Gajjar March 27, 2015 at 9:47 pm

This is really helpful. I love India.

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what is the national fish?

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Dis means lots me n my two little daughter.

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Supriyo Mondal March 12, 2015 at 4:46 pm

I LOVE MY INDIA….

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maneesh singh March 2, 2015 at 9:04 pm

This is so helpfull for my son and me also

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Miffra Anjum Miffra Anjum February 6, 2015 at 6:54 pm

I love my india thank u for ur information this information is vry useful to my sister

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Iove my india

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I LOVE MY INDIA

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I Love My India.l Am Proud of India.

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I LOVE MY INDIA

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thanks to give this information

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i love my india

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I am very proud that i born in India.I love to India.I love my India.

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I love my country India.When my school teacher gives me a project on the topic national symbols of India I am very exicted

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It’s really helpful

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I want go to india

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Debidutta sharma November 7, 2014 at 11:56 pm

This is so helpful……

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this info really helps me with the india project I’m doing in school. i like the tiger and the lotus flower because what it symbolizes

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this info really helps me with the india project I’m doing in school

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O.K want to give the scientific name for some national emblems like tree,bird,flower,fruit,heritage animal,fish,water animal etc.
by ANAS POOKKOTTUR,
Malappuram,Kerala.

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Thankyou for these information,my brother got the help for its social studies projects.

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I am love to india i love my india

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I am very glad so i am indian

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This Website Gives me All the Information I need…thank u

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Really good information for childrens …

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sorry to say mam , but there is no national game defined in our constitution ,”In RTI reply, Centre says India has no national game”.

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isha sethunathan February 4, 2014 at 5:56 pm

I HAD GOT A HOMEWORK AND THIS WEBSITE GIVES ME ALL THE INFORMATION I NEED .THIS IS AMAZING!!!!!

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Being from Canada, but having a few friends from Gujarat, this was a fantastic and insightful discovery for me. Thanks! It helps me to understand the way of India :)

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now the time comes to show the creativity and eradication of bad things.

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    Mahesh Ankush Lad June 10, 2014 at 1:43 pm

    I HAD GOT A HOMEWORK AND THIS WEBSITE GIVES ME ALL THE INFORMATION I NEED .THIS IS AMAZING!!!!!

    Reply