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National Symbols of India and Their Meaning

April 23, 2013

National symbols of India depict the country’s image and have been chosen very carefully. The national animal, tiger symbolises power; the national flower, lotus symbolises purity;the national tree, banyan symbolises immortality, the national bird, peacock symbolises elegance and the national fruit, mango symbolises the tropical climate of India. Similarly, our national song and national anthem were a source of inspiration during the freedom struggle. The national emblem of India depicts four lions standing back to back, symbolising power, courage, pride and confidence. Hockey was at its peak when it was adopted as the national game of India. Here is some more information about the national symbols of India:

List of National Symbols of India

National Bird of IndiaNational Bird of India:
The peacock, commomly known as Indian peafowl was declared  the national bird of India in 1963, because it was entirely a part of Indian custom and culture. A peacock is a symbol of grace and beauty. Another reason why the peacock was chosen as the national bird was because of its presence across the country, so much so that even common people are familiar with the bird. Moreover, no other country had the peacocok as its national bird either. The peacock fulfilled all these and hence became the national bird of India.

TigerNational Animal of India: The tiger is known as the Lord of the Jungle and displays India’s wildlife wealth. Also strength, agility and power are the basic aspect of the tiger. The Bengal Tiger was declared as the national animal of India in April 1973, with the initiation of Project Tiger, to protect the tigers in India. Prior to this, the lion was the national animal of India.

National Anthem of IndiaNational Anthem of India:  The national anthem of India is the Hindi version of an anthem which was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore. It was adopted as the national anthem of India on 24 January 1950. Since the Bengali song ‘Vande Mataram’ faced opposition from non-Hindu segments of society, the Jana Gana Mana was adopted as the national anthem of India.

LotusNational Flower of India: The lotus flower has a very significant position in Indian mythology. It is the flower of goddess Laxmi and symbolises wealth, prosperity, and fertility. Also, it grows very uniquely in dirty water with its long stalk far above the water, bearing the flower on the top. The lotus flower remains untouched from impurity. It symbolises purity, achievement, long life, and good fate.

MangoThe National Fruit of India: Mangoes are native to India and thus truly Indian. Since time immemorial, mangoes have been cultivated in India. In ancient times as well, deliciousness of mangoes have been defined by many renowned poets. The great Mughal emperor Akbar had planted about 1,00,000 mango trees in Lakhi Bagh in Darbhanga.

 

Vande Matram - National Song of IndiaThe National Song of India: India’s national song was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterjee. It has inspired many freedom fighters during the freedom struggle. Initially ‘Vande Mataram’ was the national anthem of India, but after independence ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as the national anthem. This was done because non-Hindu communities in India had considered Vande Mataram as biased. These communities felt that the nation was represented by ‘Maa Durga’ in the song. So that is why it was made the national song of India and not the national anthem.

HockeyThe National Game of India: In spite of cricket’s huge popularity in India, hockey is still the national game of India. Hockey when declared as the national game was very popular. The game has seen a golden era during 1928-1956, when India won 6 consecutive gold medals in the Olympics. Hockey was considered as the national game because of its unmatched distinction and incomparable talent at the time. At that time India had played 24 Olympic matches and won all of them.

National Tree of IndiaThe National Tree of India: The Banyan tree represents eternal life, because of its ever-expanding branches. The country’s unity is symbolised by the trees huge structure and its deep roots. The tree is also known as Kalpavriksha, which means ‘wish fulfilling tree’.The Banyan tree is called so, because the Banyan tree has immense medicinal properties and is associated with longevity. The Banyan tree also gives shelter to many different kinds of animals and birds, which represent India and its people from different races, religions and castes.

National Emblem of IndiaThe National Emblem of India: The Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath is the national emblem of India. It consists of four Asiatic Lions standing back to back on a circular abacus. The abacus has sculptures of an elephant, a horse, a bull and a lion. These are separated by wheels in between. The national emblem stands on a full bloomed inverted lotus flower.

 

Read Also:

69th Independence Day of India
Indian National Flag
National Anthem controversy
National Song of India
National Anthem of India
Development in India After Independence
Unsung Heroes of Indian Independence
Jallianwala Bagh
National Library of India

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I am a mother. A wife. And daughter of my loving parents by heart with passion for creativity, zeal to achieve something big in life but want to live life to its fullest.

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Showing 73 Comments :

I love my country

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Great sharing about these information. ..proud to be Indian

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KASI VISWANATHAM CHUNDURI August 15, 2015 at 5:25 am

PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN…..I LOVE AN INDIA….. HAPPY I N D E P E N D E N C E DAY…

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I wish to a very happy independence day to all Indian.
15th August,2015

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i m proud to be a indian i love my motherland.

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Rajesh Kumar Navik August 14, 2015 at 6:45 am

I love my India

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everyone shld see this website. It is very informative anduseful for childrens to know more about country. Jai Hind. I love my country.

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Iam very proud that i bron in india.India is a greatest country .I love my india.

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I proud of to be an Indian….
I love my India….jai hind

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India is great places,All overall country .so i love my India.

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excellent work guys………..keep updating

THANKS

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I love my india

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shaju

I love my India

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Very informative. Being an Indian i dint know much about the thing. Very good. Thank you.

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Very informative. Being an Indian i dint know much about the thing. Very good thing.

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thanks for giving information

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satyam agrahari August 4, 2015 at 11:16 pm

I is grat county in world

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India is a great place

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Arifuzjaman Middya August 1, 2015 at 12:22 pm

I love my India

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I love my india

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PROUD TO BE AN INDIAN….!!!

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i love my india

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Avinash kumar sahu July 16, 2015 at 9:24 pm

INDIA IS VERY GREAT COUNTRY I LOVE INDIA

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I LOVE INDIA

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Very useful to all and thanks a lot

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Sorry, but hockey was never declared as the national game of INDIA.

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Vishnu vardhan June 30, 2015 at 10:30 pm

Very helpful nd quiet good…:-)

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very helpful

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I LOVE MY INDIA, becouse MY INDIA IS GREAT COUNTRY.

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Wow fantsstic

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Very nice at all

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Dr R K S Rathore June 18, 2015 at 11:32 am

We need to have more National symbols described such as National language, National Calender, National commitment,National currency, National policy etc.

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It is really awesome . I really happy to say that I am indian . I love my INDIA.

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Barendra Majhi May 21, 2015 at 8:29 pm

thanks,these knowledge are very important for every Indian

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it is very useful and i love my india and indians jai hind

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i love my country INDIA and this information was useful but only querry I have is that hockey is not national sport of india. this article is clearly mentioned in times of india.So please clearify it.

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crucial and thematic information and people knows the main reason putting these as national ones.

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it was very helpful for me.
thanx………

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Very helpful

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Rachana Gajjar March 27, 2015 at 9:47 pm

This is really helpful. I love India.

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what is the national fish?

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Dis means lots me n my two little daughter.

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Supriyo Mondal March 12, 2015 at 4:46 pm

I LOVE MY INDIA….

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maneesh singh March 2, 2015 at 9:04 pm

This is so helpfull for my son and me also

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Miffra Anjum Miffra Anjum February 6, 2015 at 6:54 pm

I love my india thank u for ur information this information is vry useful to my sister

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Iove my india

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I LOVE MY INDIA

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I Love My India.l Am Proud of India.

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I LOVE MY INDIA

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I love my india

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thanks to give this information

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i love my india

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I am very proud that i born in India.I love to India.I love my India.

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I love my country India.When my school teacher gives me a project on the topic national symbols of India I am very exicted

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It’s really helpful

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I want go to india

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Debidutta sharma November 7, 2014 at 11:56 pm

This is so helpful……

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this info really helps me with the india project I’m doing in school. i like the tiger and the lotus flower because what it symbolizes

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this info really helps me with the india project I’m doing in school

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O.K want to give the scientific name for some national emblems like tree,bird,flower,fruit,heritage animal,fish,water animal etc.
by ANAS POOKKOTTUR,
Malappuram,Kerala.

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Thankyou for these information,my brother got the help for its social studies projects.

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I am love to india i love my india

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I am very glad so i am indian

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This Website Gives me All the Information I need…thank u

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Really good information for childrens …

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sorry to say mam , but there is no national game defined in our constitution ,”In RTI reply, Centre says India has no national game”.

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isha sethunathan February 4, 2014 at 5:56 pm

I HAD GOT A HOMEWORK AND THIS WEBSITE GIVES ME ALL THE INFORMATION I NEED .THIS IS AMAZING!!!!!

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Being from Canada, but having a few friends from Gujarat, this was a fantastic and insightful discovery for me. Thanks! It helps me to understand the way of India :)

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now the time comes to show the creativity and eradication of bad things.

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    Mahesh Ankush Lad June 10, 2014 at 1:43 pm

    I HAD GOT A HOMEWORK AND THIS WEBSITE GIVES ME ALL THE INFORMATION I NEED .THIS IS AMAZING!!!!!

    Reply