History of Jalandhar

History of Jalandhar throws light on the chronological events of the important historical happenings of the ancient, medieval and modern periods. Reflecting the ancestral heritage and traditional grandeur, the history of Jalandhar portrays the cultural, social, political and commercial significance of the place during the bygone years.

Jalandhar was an important part of the Indus Valley Civilization in the ancient times. During the reign of Kanishka, Jalandhar had played host to the grand conference of theologians of Buddhists where all the holy writings of the religion were compiled for the convenience of the followers. The Chinese pilgrim, Hiuen Tsang wrote at length about the city of Jalandhar. In the second half of the 10th century, Jalandhar was ruled by the great rulers of the Shahi dynasty.

The medieval history of Jalandhar started with the advent of Ala-ud-din Khilji. However, the war over Jalandhar did not stop and after the advent of Babur, he took over the reigns of Jalandhar and offered it to Daulat Khan Lodhi. Thus began the Mughal rule over the region which was however interrupted by the able ruler, Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah Suri's rule was very short lived and Jalandhar was finally restored in the strong hands of Akbar and his successors. After the death of Aurangazeb, the Mughal domination had come to an end and the tussle over the conquest of Jalandhar had again began with several foreign invaders trying to capture the city. During 1759, Jalandhar was ruled by 12 confederacies of Sikh religion.

The later years of medieval history of Jalandhar witnessed a fierce struggle between the Sikh battalion and foreign invaders. The medieval age had ultimately come to an end with the death of Ranjit Singh and the final outcome of Anglo-Sikh War.

The modern era of Jalandhar began from AD 1846. Jalandhar played a prominent role during the Revolt of 1857. Thereafter, Jalandhar took part in the various agitations to free India from the clutches of British rulers. The assassination of Bhagat Singh in AD 1929 had an important impact on Jalandhar. The Civil Disobedience Movement was strictly followed in the city. On 15th August, Jalandhar rejoiced over the independence of the country.

The historical facts about Jalandhar reflect the glorious past of the place.

Last Updated on 17th Dec 2012



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