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Overpopulation in India – Causes, Effects and How to Control it?

July 31, 2014

Image of Overpopulation in IndiaEvery nook and corner of India is a clear display of increasing population. Whether you are in a metro station, airport, railway station, road, highway, bus stop, hospital, shopping mall, market, temple, or even in a social/ religious gathering, we see all these places are overcrowded at any time of the day. This is a clear indication of overpopulation in the country.

According to the Indian census, carried out in 2011, the population of India was exactly 1,210,193,422, which means India has crossed the 1-billion mark. This is the second most populous country of the world after China and the various studies have projected that India will be world’s number-1 populous country, surpassing China, by 2025. Inspite of the fact that the population policies, family planning and welfare programmes undertaken by the Govt. of India have led to a continuous decrease in the fertility rate, yet the actual stabilisation of population can take place only by 2050.

Causes of Over Population

The two main common causes leading to over population in India are:

  • The birth rate is still higher than the death rate. We have been successful in declining the death rates but the same cannot be said for birth rates.
  • The fertility rate due to the population policies and other measures has been falling but even then it is much higher compared to other countries.

The above causes are interrelated to the various social issues in our country which are leading to over population.

  • Early Marriage and Universal Marriage System: Even though legally the marriageable age of a girl is 18 years, the concept of early marriage still prevails and getting married at an young age prolongs the child bearing age. Also, in India, marriage is a sacred obligation and a universal practice, where almost every woman is married at the reproductive age.
  • Poverty and Illiteracy: Another factor for the rapid growth of population is poverty. Impoverished families have this notion that more the number of members in the family, more will be the numbers to earn income. Some feel that more children are needed to look after them in their old age. Also hunger can be cause of death of their children and hence the need for more children. Strange but true, Indian still lag behind the use of contraceptives and birth control methods. Many of them are not willing to discuss or are totally unaware about them. Illiteracy is thus another cause of over population
  • Age old cultural norm: Sons are the bread earners of the families in India. This age old thought puts considerable pressure on the parents to produce children till a male child is born. More the better.
  • Illegal migration: Last but not the least, we cannot ignore the fact that illegal migration is continuously taking place from Bangladesh, Nepal leading to increased population density.

Effects of Over Population

Even after 67 years of independence, the scenario of our country is not good, due to over population. Some major impacts of high population are as follows:

  • Unemployment: Generating employment for a huge population in a country like India is very difficult. The number of illiterate persons increases every year. Unemployment rate is thus showing an increasing trend.
  • Manpower utilisation: The number of jobless people is on the rise in India due to economic depression and slow business development and expansion activities.
  • Pressure on infrastructure: Development of infrastructural facilities is unfortunately not keeping pace with the growth of population. The result is lack of transportation, communication, housing, education, healthcare etc. There has been an increase in the number of slums, overcrowded houses, traffic congestion etc.
  • Resource utilisation: Land areas, water resources, forests are over exploited. There is also scarcity of resources.
  • Decreased production and increased costs: Food production and distribution have not been able to catch up with the increasing population and hence the costs of production have increased. Inflation is the major consequence of over population.
  • Inequitable income distribution: In the face of an increasing population, there is an unequal distribution of income and inequalities within the country widen.

Steps to Control Population in India

The Government of India, politicians, policy makers should initiate a bold population policy so that the economic growth of the country can keep pace with the demands of a growing population. Major steps which have been already implemented but still need to be emphasised more to control population. Increasing the welfare and status of women and girls, spread of education, increasing awareness for the use of contraceptives and family planning methods, sex education, encouraging male sterilisation and spacing births, free distribution of contraceptives and condoms among the poor, encouraging female empowerment, more health care centres for the poor , to name a few, can play a major role in controlling population.

India’s strengths in the global world in various fields cannot be ignored, whether in science & technology, medicine and health care, business and industry, military, communication, entertainment, literature and many more. Experts are hopeful that by increasing public awareness and enlisting strict population control norms by the Government will definitely lead the way for the country’s economic prosperity and control of population.

Related Information:

Expanding middle class in India

Family planning in India

Human Trafficking in India

Child Trafficking

Child labour in India

Poverty and its causes

Why India is a poor Country ?


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I am an experienced web content management professional with a sound understanding in website content development, content editing, SEO, and internet research. I love blogging, cooking, listening to music and watching TV. I have a passion for writing on anything that interests me. Married and mother of 2 kids, I enjoy my work and try to maintain a balance between my professional and personal life. Fun loving and God fearing, I take life as it comes.

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Comments
Showing 52 Comments :

Vry useful information

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subhranshu mahapatra November 2, 2016 at 12:31 pm

It is very helpful .and its words is very simple so every can remember it.

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Everyone should have to be responsible for control the population.

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Writabrata Banerjee September 28, 2016 at 1:05 am

This article helped a lot in my project.

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Is two children policy important for India .please tell ur
view

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it is very usefull to every person

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ASHIL SHAJI GEORGE July 14, 2016 at 10:14 pm

Very useful for my seminar…………..

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its very benificial for students

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this statement is verry helpful and it is verry informative

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Daniel Tinashe April 7, 2016 at 2:39 pm

helpful info…managed to use it to understand overpopulation, its causes, effects and measures that can be initiated to curb its rampage

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Obviously it is very helpful to us.Thank you very much.

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Indian government should ban stupid traditions of having as priority males! Then the situation will get better! Traditions are the root of the problem

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I NEED MORE INFORMATION

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Very useful….

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PoonamNeeraj Dudeja January 10, 2016 at 5:13 pm

Gd info…. but Govt has to do something to stop dis overpopulation. . Generally people fear about their old age.. at that stage they are not able to earn for themselves. Mostly people in urban areas or literate people are aware about the problems caused due to overpopulation. Bt if they born two baby girls they get fear about their old age that’s the reason why people in urban areas have more than two babies. . In rural areas people are illetrate.. so Govt should take proper steps to create awareness among them. .

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more information like how people produce population

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very nice

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Thanks!Helped me a lot.To the point and very useful.

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Pls send me information about human trafficking.

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please tell me about the obstacles in the way of oragnizing birth control programs in overpopulation country

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Thanks helped a lot other people should use if researching this topic

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This is really very helpful to me and my friends………this helps us to know one of the major problems of India i.e., overpollution

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Thanks to Rumani saikia phukan ji for teach me about population explosion in india

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The problm of population growth will not b slv if we only blme d govrnment…we too r rsponsible for this…d govt. has instructed some remeditional measurs bt we d people of India dnt follow it….
Tnks ew for gving such good information nd to mke us concrn bout d economic causes of our country…

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population in India has been clandestinely increasing trend because of feeling of insecurity and better grip over resources both immovable or movable

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i dont usually comment but this time i had to pass my comments: amazing work! this was the most helpful matter i read so far. please keep it up.

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The following Incentives should be given for a family, whose parents did family planning and restrict to one child norm whose annual income is just below one lakh per annum.

1) free ration, shelter and cloths
2) free education
3) free transportation
4) free communication

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    The one who wrote this article should be awarded noble prize.. Lol! Such a great article and nice thinking.. Love the way it is written!!

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Jimmy Falcon MacFellow July 29, 2015 at 9:33 pm

nice…great job….#bestworkseen#

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It is good.But both government and people are are responsible.we can’t blame one.

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Thank you so much for the info! Helped me a lot!

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Very Nice! Helped me with my report. I got an A+ and scored the highest in my class! Thanks Alot! Please KIT!

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if government makes policies then every hands have work they do not called unemployed.after 60years of freedom 1/4th people live in under poverty line, one side poor people survive without food n other side grain become destroy in godown or field.
government should makes policies but most important thing is that they should implement these policies strictly.

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I have a suggestion, we should not give birth to new ones rather we should adopt one. It has many benefits.
1. Those unfortunate children who are in need of parental love and care will get it.
2. You want kid/kids you will get them.
3. India’s population will also not increase.
4. Moreover, an exisiting human resource will not get wasted, you can make them asoldier,engineer,ips,doctor,chef,singer,architect or any proffesional who can serve the nation.
Keep aside that orthodox thinking that he/she will not be are biological child it doesn’t matter what if, your own biological child kick you out of your home in your old age.

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You should not only blame the government. Government alone is not only responsible for this. People too are responsible for hampering the economic and political status of the country.Government can just make the policies but people are the one who have to follow them.

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•Unemployment: Generating employment for a huge population in a country like India is very difficult. The number of illiterate persons increases every year. This is fault of our government that number of illiterate persons increases every year, i think when population increase’s then jobs increase’s, like every body like cloths foods and other daily uses items.
•Manpower Utilization: Illiterate peoples have not idea how and where use their power, this is duties of intellectual person.
If our government make good strategies we can use our big population to increase our country’s power.

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sourav sharma May 26, 2015 at 6:50 pm

good

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lamin s jatta May 21, 2015 at 5:42 am

This has really informed and educated me about the causes of rapid population growth in India,the effects and how can it be control.particularly by the govrnment as it is an issues of.concerned in India and the world at large

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really useful

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this helped me a lot in understanding and know how india has been over populated

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this helped me a lot

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jake the sake April 9, 2015 at 7:43 pm

what does the fox say

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The government should ban subsidies and other benefits, those people have more than two children.

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Carlos Sintana March 24, 2015 at 8:51 pm

this really helped me understand how much India is really overpopulated

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vipul rajpurohit March 9, 2015 at 9:01 pm

OverPopulation of india is controlled by some scheme

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Overpopulation in india is uncontrollable due to its values and norms

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Population growth must be controlled otherwise it will lead to great problems

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i love this post.

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population and its over its the major cause s of development at that movement . Each and everybody can participate for how to control it. come forward and find out the solution of this causes. N.K.PANDU-NBDP INDIA

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