The state is also known as the 'Dev Bhumi' or 'Land of God' because it houses various religious places that are regarded as the most sacred and propitious areas of devotion and pilgrimage. Uttarakhand was created by joining a number of districts from the Northwestern part of Uttar Pradesh and a portion of the Himalayan Mountain Range. The state is mostly famous for its scenic features and affluence of the Himalayas, the Terai and the Bhabhar. The autonomous territory of Tibet is situated to the north of the state.
On 9 November 2000, it became a full-fledged state of India with the formal induction of a separate state government.
|Facts on Uttarakhand|
|Date of Formation||Nov 9, 2000|
|Area||53,483 sq km|
|Total Population (2011)||10,116,752|
|Males Population (2011)||5137773|
|Females Population (2011)||4948519|
|No. of District||13|
|Rivers||Ganges, Sarayu, Alaknanda, Bhagirathi, Dhauliganga, Ramganga, Asan Barrage etc.|
|Forests & National Park||Rajaji NP, Jim Corbett NP, Gangotri NP|
|Languages||Garhwali, Kumaoni, Hindi, Sanskrit, English|
|Neighbours State||Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh|
|State Animal||Alpine Musk Deer|
|State Bird||Himalayan Monal|
|State Tree||Rhododendron (Buransh)|
|State Flower||Brahm Kamal|
|Net State Domestic Product (2011)||36368|
|Literacy Rate (2011)||86.27%|
|Females per 1000 males||963|
History of Uttarakhand
The history of Uttarakhand sings the glorious past of the territory. It has a long history of its genesis and evolution, with highlights of great emperors and empires such as the Kushanas, Kudinas, Kanishka, Samudragupta, Katuria, Palas, Chandras and Pawaras. Talking about the history of Uttarakhand, it can be said that it finds reference in many holy Hindu scriptures. But its history can be best understood through the history of Garhwal and Kumaon. More Detail...
Geography of Uttarakhand
The state covers a total area of 53,483 sq km. Most of the areas of the state are hilly and forested. The distinctive flora and fauna of the state comprise creatures like snow leopards, bharal, tigers, leopards and uncommon shrubs and trees. The Yamuna and the Ganges, two biggest rivers of the Republic of India, have their headwaters in this state. The prominent geographical features of Uttarakhand are as follows:
- Mountainous shrubland and plains
- The alpine bushes and pastures of Western Himalaya
- Moderate coniferous jungles
- Sub alpine conifer jungles in the Western Himalaya
- Moderate broadleaf forests of the Western Himalaya
- Subtropical pine forests of the Himalayan mountain range
- Terai-Duar lowlands and savanna
- Humid broadleaf forests of the Upper Gangetic Plains.
Uttarakhand is situated in the Northern part of India. It has a population of 1,00,86,292 inhabitants as per the 2011 census. The state had a growth rate of 19.17% over the last census. The male to female ratio is 1000: 963. The population density is 189 per sq. km. The literacy rate of Uttarakhand is 79.63%. The state borders Tibet, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh and the Uttar Pradesh plains districts. Dehradun, the state's capital is about 240 km away from India's capital, New Delhi. There are 13 districts in Uttarakhand: Pithoragarh, Almora, Nainital, Bageshwar, Champawat, Uttar Kashi, Udham Singh Nagar, Chamoli, Dehradun, Pauri Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Rudraprayag and Haridwar (Urban).
The state's economy is one of the fastest growing in recent times. Agriculture is the most significant sector in Uttarakhand. Rice, soybeans, wheat, groundnuts, pulses, coarse cereals and oil seeds are the mainly grown crops. Apples, pears, oranges, peaches, plums and litchis are widely grown and are an important part of the food industry. The main cash crop of the state is sugarcane. The state has high expectations in becoming a striking tourist destination. Tourism is also coming up in the region and contributes in the annual earnings. This sector needs to be explored more and the state needs to invest more in tourism. Another sector where the state needs to progress is the agro industries as this will help boost its revenue.
Society and Culture
Government and Politics
Uttarakhand government is devoted whole-heartedly towards the betterment of this new Indian state formed in 2000. It comprises an extremely efficient legislature, backed by an equally committed judiciary and executive. All the functions of the government are based primarily in Dehradun of Garhwal division, the capital city of the state. There are total five Parliamentary constituency and 70 unicameral seats in the Legislature.More Detail...
The two main regional languages are Garhwali and Kumaoni, but Hindi is the most commonly spoken language. The Garhwali and Kumaoni dialects are spoken in Garhwal and Kumaon regions. Some tribal communities in the west and north speak in Jaunsari and Bhotiya dialects. On the other hand, the urban population speaks mostly in Hindi, which is an official language of Uttarakhand along with Sanskrit.
Opportunities for tourism are immense in this state, be it nature, wildlife, adventure, or pilgrimage tourism. The major destinations are Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun, Mussoorie, Almora, Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri, Gangotri, Jim Corbett National Park, Nainital, Ranikhet and Pithoragarh. If you are adventurous and like tough challenges, you can go for high- and low-altitude trekking, river rafting, para gliding, hang-gliding, mountaineering, skiing and many other activities.
Below is a list of some important tourist attractions in Uttarakhand:
|Click to View large Map|
|Uttarakhand Travel Map|
The Kedarnath Temple is one of the most important religious centers in Uttarakhand. It is located at an elevation of 11,500 feet above sea level near the Mandakini River. Kedarnath is among the holiest Hindu temples in India dedicated to Lord Shiva. Devotees travel from different corners of the country every year mostly during the month of April to pay their homage to the God of the region.
This is another popular tourist destination in Uttarakhand. Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, Rishikesh is also a one-stop pilgrimage center for many Hindus. According to Hindu mythology, this city was one of the favourite places of Lord Shiva. Apart from its religious significance, Rishikesh is among the most naturally beautiful cities in India.
Nainital is among the most frequented tourist destinations in Uttarakhand. Situated in the Kumaon hills, Nainital is famous for its enthralling landscapes. It is situated at a height of 1,938 meters and offers several tourist destinations that are unique to the region.
A heaven for restoration and the peace loving traveller. Ranikhet promises a calm environment that is not found anywhere else in India. Known as a unique hill station for its clean and pollution free environment, tall coniferous trees, serene surroundings, Ranikhet promises to take you far from the maddening crowd.
- The Jim Corbett National Park
Known as paradise for the animal lover, the Jim Corbett National Park is undoubtedly the most prized possession of Uttarakhand. Counted as one of the best animal habitats in the country, the Jim Corbett National Park is located in the Himalayan foothills. Stretching over an area of 1318.54 sq meters this national park in India is made up of a rich eco-system. More Detail...
Uttarakhand in India is easily accessible by air, rail and road. The Jolly Grant airport near Dehradun is the most popular airport in the region. Some domestic airlines operate flights to and from Dehradun. Uttarakhand shares an excellent railway network with most of the Indian cities and towns. The major railway stations that connect the state to the other parts of the country are the Dehradun Railway Station, the Haridwar Railway Station, and the Kathgodam Railway Station. Uttarakhand is well-connected to most of the cities in India by a strong network of National Highways such as 58, 73, 74, and 87. The State Road Transport Corporation (SRTC) manages and operates the bus services in the state.
Best Time to Visit Uttarakhand
The winter season is chilly in this state, while the summers are pleasant. So, you can plan your trip during summers as well as winters.
Blogs about Uttarakhand
Ganga, Yamuna Are Living Entities: Uttarakhand HC : It has been about a week since New Zealand legislators passed a legislation that granted the Whanganui River the status of a "legal person". The Whanganui, a river sacred to the native Maori tribe, was given “its own legal identity with all the corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a legal person”. The move, a first in the world, was hailed by environmentalists and people from across the globe. Ganga and Yamuna: Living Entities Not…
5 Top Ecotourism Destinations You Can’t Afford to Miss : Sunderbans National Park – West Bengal Sunderbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site covering an area of around 1,330 km. This is a must-visit place and should be No 1 destination for ecotourism lovers. Part of West Bengal, the Sunderbans National Park is a large, mostly marshy land and is made up of several rivers, tributaries, water channels, forests and islands that together form a massive estuarine delta. The vast mangroves of Sunderbans are home…
Nine Places to Visit in Lansdowne : Charmingly poised in the lap of Himalayas, Uttarakhand, also known as Devbhumi, or the land of gods, is dotted with a number of hill stations. The cantonment town of Lansdowne, located in Pauri Garhwal district, is one among them. But what makes Lansdowne unique is its underrated elegance and quiet, disarming beauty though well connected by motorable roads and its proximity to many big cities. Soak in the cool air, amazing vistas of the Himalayas,…
Top 7 Places to Visit in Ranikhet : Nestled amid a dense forest of towering pine and deodar trees with the majestic Himalayas in the backdrop, Ranikhet is a pristine little cantonment town in Almora district of Uttarakhand. It is located at an average altitude of 1,869 metres above sea level. Legends say that Ranikhet, or the ‘Queen’s meadow’, once used to be the residence of Queen Padmini. The ancient temples, nascent orchards and scenic vistas of this charming hill station will rejuvenate…
With ‘Swadeshi’ jeans Baba Ramdev proves health is in the ‘genes’ : There is a saying “When the momentum’s good – ride the damn momentum” and that pretty much sums up what Baba Ramdev has been doing ever since he diversified from his usual yoga discourse into manufacturing herbal FMCG products like herbal tea, wheat, honey, biscuits, nutrients, toothpaste, shampoos, and recently, noodles. Baba Ramdev has just announced that his company Patanjali Ayurved Ltd, is all set to now diversify and launch a range of Swadeshi…