Map of Himachal Pradesh Chamba Lahul & Spiti Kinnaur Kullu Kangra Hamirpur Una Bilaspur Mandi Shimla Solan Sirmaur UTTRAKHAND UTTAR PRADESH HARYANA CHANDIGARH PUNJAB JAMMU & KASHMIR CHINA
Print Email Save
*Map of Himachal Pradesh with districts, railways, rivers and major road network. Disclaimer
Himachal Pradesh Location Map District Map of Himachal Pradesh Cities of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Tehsil Map
Himachal Pradesh Location MapHimachal Pradesh District MapCities of Himachal PradeshHimachal Pradesh Tehsil Map
Himachal Pradesh Road Network Map Himachal Pradesh Physical Map Himachal Pradesh Rivers Map Himachal Pradesh Travel Map
Himachal Pradesh Road MapHimachal Pradesh Physical MapHimachal Pradesh Railway MapHimachal Pradesh Travel Map

Situated in North India, Himachal Pradesh is a mountainous state. Spread over an area of 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi), area wise it ranks 17thin India. The population of Himachal Pradesh recorded at 6,864,602 as per the 2011 census. It shares its borders with the Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the north, Punjab to the west, Haryana to the southwest, and Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh to the south. Shimla is the state capital, and other towns are Dharamshala, Kangra, Mandi, Kullu, Chamba, Hamirpur, Dalhousie, and Manali.

History of Himachal Pradesh

The history of Himachal Pradesh is an old one, inhabited by tribes such as Dagis, Khasas, Koilis, Halis, Dhaugris, Dasa, Kinnars, and Kirats. Around 883 AD, some parts of the state were under the control of the king of Kashmir, Sankar Varma. Around 1009 AD, Mahmud of Ghazni invaded the region. Rajputs exercised influence over the area around 1043. During the time of the Mughals Empire, many kingdoms in the region accepted the authority of the Mughals.

By 1804, vast regions of the state passed into the hands of Sikh emperor Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Gorkha had also ruled many areas of Himachal Pradesh. The region finally passed into the hands of the British, who ruled here till 1947, when it became a part of independent India. In the year 1 November 1956, Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory of India. However, it got the statehood status on 25 January 1971. Himachal Pradesh emerged as the eighteenth state of India. The word 'Hima' actually means snow in Sanskrit terminology. Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, an eminent Sanskrit Scholar from Himachal Pradesh, named the state.

Economy of Himachal Pradesh

The state boasts of numerous picturesque tourist destinations. Tourism is an important industry and is a vital contributor to the state's economy. Agriculture is also one of the most significant contributors, which is over 45% of the net state domestic product. Textiles and the burgeoning hydroelectric power export industry are the other sources of income for the state.

The state is capable of generating plenty of hydroelectricity power. Therefore it sells its buffer to Punjab, Delhi, and Rajasthan. Himachal Pradesh is one of the fastest-growing states in India. At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product of Himachal Pradesh reached Rs 1.82 trillion (US$ 26.04 billion) in 2020-21. The per capita GSDP of Himachal Pradesh in 2019-20 was Rs 225,839 (US$ 3,203.85).


Himachal Pradesh lies in the western Himalayas, and most of its part has been lying in the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. Reo Purgyil, with a height of 6,816, is the highest mountain peak. Some of the drainage river systems located in the state are Chenab, Beas, Ravi, Yamuna, and the Sutlej.  

  The forest cover in Himachal Pradesh in 2019 jumped by 333.52 sq km in the comparison to the previous assessment recorded in 2017, as per the date of the Indian State of Forest Report-2019 The recorded forest area (RFA) in the state is 37,033 sq km, out of which 1,898 sq km is reserved forests, 33,130 sq km is protected forests and 2,005 sq km is unclassed forests. The protected area has five national parks, 28 wildlife sanctuaries, and three conservation reserves. It covers around 15.10% of the geographical land of the state. 

  Himachal Pradesh boasts of a wide variety of fauna, which includes more than 463 birds, 80 fish, 77 mammalian, and some 44 reptile species.

Administration in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh has 12 districts. The Deputy Commissioner, also known as District Magistrate, keeps eyes on works in all the district headquarters. Then come to the smaller unit known as sub-divisions, controlled by the sub-divisional magistrates. The Superintendent of Police maintains the law and order situation.

Himachal Pradesh has 12 districts, which are listed below:

Several pilgrimage centers and Hindu temples are lying in Himachal Pradesh. There are more than two thousand temples in Himachal Pradesh. The beauty and the architecture of the temples are magnificent and worth seeing, which is the main attraction for tourists and visitors. Many of them are also associated with ancient legends.

  • Naina Devi
  • Jawalmukhi
  • Mata Chintpurni & Chamunda Devi
  • Baijnath & Laxmi Narayan Temple


Himachal Pradesh at a Glance

Area55,673 km2Population (Census 2011)6864602
Females3,382,729 Males3,481,873
Urban Population6,88,552 (2011 Census) Rural Population61,76,050 (2011 Census)
Population Density123/km2 (320/sq mi) Sex Ratio974
Literacy Rate82.80% (2011 Census)Female Literacy75.93% (2011 Census)
Male Literacy89.53% (2011 Census) Districts12
Sub Division69Tehsils169
Sub Tehsils169Towns59
Developmental Block78Panchayats3517
Panchayat Smities78Zila Parishad12
Nagar Nigam2Nagar Parishad20
Nagar Panchayats33Urban Local Bodies53
Census Villages20,690Inhabited Villages2868
Educational Institutions17000Health Institutions3835
Motorable Roads4587 kmNational Highways9

Himachal Pradesh State Information

Date of formation25/01/71
GovernorShiv Pratap Shukla
Chief MinisterSukhvinder Singh Sukhu
Tourist attractionsShimla, Kulu, Manali, Dharamsala
FestivalsPori, Fulaich
Major dance and music formsMala dance, Rakshas Dance
Arts and crafts.Pahari painting is done in the Basohli and Kangra styles; Kullu shawls and woollen caps are famous; the Chamba Rumal has Kangra style paintings embroidered on cloth.
LanguagesHindi, Punjabi, Kinnauri, Pahari
Size55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi)
RiversRavi, Beas, Chenab, Sutlej, Yamuna
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesPin Valley NP, Greater Himalayan NP, Renuka WS, Chail WS, Kalatope Khajjiar WS
State animalSnow leopard
State birdWestern tragopan
State flowerPink rhododendron
State treeDeodar
Major cropsWheat, rice, maize, barley
FactoidsThe world's oldest democracy is believed to be a tiny, isolated village called Malana.
 Shimla was the summer capital of british India.
No. of District12

Maps in Other Regional Languages

All Civil Services Examination aspirants out there! Learn more about the Indian history and geography on our resource- oriented platform, Maps of India.
Last Updated on: May 18, 2023