Analysis of Haryana Elections 2019 Results
BJP narrowly managed to retain power in Haryana. Manohar Lal Khattar led BJP won 40 seats out of the 90 seat assembly and emerged as the single largest party. However, it fell short of the majority mark (46 seats). BJP President Amit Shah had to take control of the situation to garner the support of Dushyant Singh Chautala led Jananayak Janata Party (JJP), which won 10 seats, to form the government. Congress showed robust performance and bagged 31 seats. While INLD got 1 seat, others got 8 seats.
In relation to the 2014 assembly election, BJP got 7 seats less (it got 47 seats in 2014). Congress more than doubled its seats in 2019 (31 seats in 2019 vis-à-vis 15 seats in 2014). BJP got 36.49% votes, which is around 3% more than 2014 but 22% less than the Lok Sabha election. Congress got 28.08% votes, which is 7.1% more than that of 2014.
Manohar Lal Khattar became Chief Minister of Haryana for the second time on October 27, 2019. Jannayak Janta Party (JJP) chief Dushyant Chautala became the Deputy Chief Minister of the state. Haryana Congress President Kumari Selja said that JJP betrayed people’s mandate by forming government in Haryana because the JJP leadership sought votes by voicing against the ruling BJP government.
Key Factors in this Election Result:
Almost half of the sitting BJP MLAs lost the Haryana Assembly election 2019. Eight outgoing ministers lost the election including O P Dhankar, Capt Abhimanyu, and Ram Bilas Sharma. 21 sitting BJP MLAs lost the election too including Bhagwan Dass Kabirpanth, Bakshish Singh Virk, Prem Lata, and Latika Sharma.
Celebrity contestants such as Olympic medalist and wrestler Yogeshwar Dutt, wrestler Babita Phogat, and TikTok star Sonali Phogat (all of them on BJP ticket) lost.
The decimation of INLD (from 20 seats in 2014 to 1 seat in 2019) also affected the prospects of BJP in the Haryana Assembly election. INLD not only got 19 seats less this time but also lost around 22% vote (from 24.1% in 2014 to 2.4% in 2019). JJP is the biggest beneficiary of INLD’s loss. It received 14.8% votes. Congress also received a significant chunk of INLD’s vote share, which helped it increase 7.5% of its vote share but also increase the tally from 15 seats in 2014 to 31 seats in 2019.
The turnout in this election was 68.5%, which is 7.6% less than that of 2014 (when the turnout was 76.1%). A peculiarity is witnessed in this election. The constituencies where Congress and JJP won witnessed higher turnout. Some of the Congress strongholds such as Yamunanagar, Ambala, and Panchkula districts saw a higher turnout. The same is the case for JJP strongholds such as Hisar, Kaithal, and Jind regions. The seats where BJP won witnessed lower turnout.
Congress has been successful in increasing its vote share in 12 seats out of the 17 seats reserved for the Scheduled Castes in Haryana. Congress’s vote share in these reserved seats increased from 25.23% in 2014 to 30.39% in 2019.