Assam Map


Map of Assam

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Map of Assam Dhuburi South Salmara Mankachar Goalpara Kamrup Kokrajhar Bongaigaon Barpeta Chirang Nalbari Baksa Udalguri Darrang Morigaon Karbi Anglong West Dima Hasao Kamrup Metropolitan Nagaon Hojai Cachar Hailakandi Karimganj Karbi Anglong Sonitpur Golaghat Biswanath Majuli Lakhimpur Dhemaji Dibrugarh Tinsukia Charaideo Sivasagar Jorhat MEGHALAYA TRIPURA MIZORAM MANIPUR NAGALAND ARUNACHAL PARDESH MYANMAR WEST BENGAL BHUTAN CHINA BANGLADESH
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Assam Physical MapAssam Travel Map


Assam is one of the biggest states of the northeast, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. It shares its boundaries with Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west.

The state is synonymous with astounding natural beauty, brimming with wildlife, and immaculate tea gardens. The picturesque landscape of Assam is framed in the north by the blue mountains of Arunachal and the highlands of Meghalaya and Nagaland in the south. Dispur is its capital city. Assamese is the state language of Assam. As per the 2011 census, the population of Assam is approximately 3.12 Crores. In terms of population, Assam ranks 15th in the country.

The Physiography of Assam can be divided into; the Karbi or Meghalaya plateau, the hills of North Cachar and Barali range, and the plain of Brahmaputra and Barak valley. The state has an impressive forest cover of 36.11 percent of its geographical area 2019

Assam is famous for producing rice, maize, pulses, potato, wheat, etc. The chief cash crops are tea, jute, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, and tobacco. The elongated valley of River Brahmaputra occupies its northern part. This is also Assam's most populated area. The Brahmaputra becomes a braided river on entering Assam; (more than 16 km wide), with its tributaries that create a massive flood plain. It is called the 'Life-line of Assam'.

Assam is famous for its biodiversity worldwide. It has several wildlife sanctuaries as well as National Parks that include the Manas along with Kaziranga parks, declared UNESCO World Heritage sites. Kaziranga National Park is famous for the Indian one-horned rhinoceros.

. The state has 34 districts, as on 2020: Biswanath, Baksa, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Cachar, Charaideo, Chirang, Dhubri, Dima Hassao, Dibrugarh, Dhemaji, Darrang, Goalpara, Golaghat, Hailakandi, Hojai, Jorhat, Karbi Anglong East, Karbi Anglong West, Karimganj, Kamrup Metro, Kamrup, Kokrajhar, Lakhimpur, Majuli, Morigaon, Nagaon, Nalbari, Sivasagar, Sonitpur, South Salmara-Mankachar, Tinsukia, Udalguri and the last one is Bajali.

Reference to ancient Assam, known as Pragjyotisha, is found in the epics of Ramayana and Mahabharat. It was the Ahom dynasty that ruled the region uninterrupted for more than 600 years and managed to keep the Assam region independent from the Muslim invaders. The British entered Assam as tea planters, later it became the starting point of the destruction of the Ahom dynasty.

Society and Culture:



Assam is a multi-ethnic society and a meeting ground of diverse cultures and intermixes of various races - Aryan, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, Mongoloid.. The natives of Assam are known as "Asomiya" or the Assamese. The state has a large number of tribes, like Bodo, Kachari, Karbi, Miri, Mishimi, Rabha, etc. each has its language, unique traditions, culture, dress, and way of life. In Assam, different communities speak forty-five types of languages. The flora, fauna, wildlife, and rivers of Assam have a natural beauty to attract the tourists.

The majority of the Assamese are Hindu, Vaishnavas, and they worship Lord Vishnu. Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, etc. are also practiced here.

Bihu is the national festival of Assam and is celebrated with great pomp and grandeur by the people of all walks of life irrespective of their caste, creed, or religion. Assamese women take pride in weaving, which is the most practiced traditional craft. Men are mostly craftsmen, potters, and artisans of wood, ivory, cane, and bamboo.

Economy:



The main occupation is agriculture and farming. Rice, pulses, jute, tea, cotton, oilseeds, areca nuts, etc. are grown here. The economy runs on revenue from timber, tourism, and tea, which is an excellent cash crop. Silk production and weaving also contribute to the state's economy. There are also many lodging facilities and hotels. Assam is also famous for its best and some of the most expensive teas in the world.

The state is a significant producer of natural gas and crude oil. Real estate and Tourism also lend its share in its economy.

Transport:



The state-owned Assam State Transport Corporation or ASTC is the corporation that provides bus services within Assam and adjoining states. Hi-Tech semi and mini deluxe bus services operate in the city and rural areas and Hi-Tech Luxury (AC/Non AC) buses on long distances.

Assam falls into the Northeast Frontier Railway zone (NFR) with its headquarters in Maligaon, Guwahati. The NFR is further divided into Alipurduar, Katihar, Lumding, Rangiya, and Tinsukia divisions.

Assam is famous as the gateway to northeast India. It has several airports: Chabua Air Force Station, Dibrugarh Airport, Jorhat Airport, Lilabari Airport, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Rupsi Airport, Silchar Airport, Sookerating Air Force Station, Tezpur Airport

Assam / Asom State Information

 
CapitalDispur
Date of formation1912 (Assam Province - British India), 15 August 1947
GovernorJagdish Mukhi
Chief MinisterShri Sarbananda Sonowal
Tourist attractionsKamakhya temple, Umananda (Peacock Island), Navagraha (temple of nine planets), Basistha Ashram, Dolgobinda
FestivalsBihu, Sivaratri Mela, Baishagu
Major dance and music formsBihu
Arts and craftsJappi (traditional hat), toys made of clay, cork, wood and bamboo. Satras or monasteries to preserve art and culture.
LanguagesAssamese, Bodo, Karbi, Bengali
Size78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi)
Population (Census 2011)31,169,272 (Census 2011)
RiversBrahmaputra, Manas, Subansiri, Sonai
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesKaziranga NP, Manas NP, Orang Sanctuary
State animalOne-horned rhinoceros
State birdWhite winged wood duck
State flowerRhynchostylis retusa
State treeDipterocarpus retusus
Major cropsRice, jute, tea
FactoidsTezpur was called the 'city of blood' after a mythical battle between Shiv and Vishnu filled it with blood.
No. of District34


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Last Updated on : May 05, 2021