Assam Map

Map of Assam

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Map of Assam Dhuburi South Salmara Mankachar Goalpara Kamrup Kokrajhar Bongaigaon Barpeta Chirang Nalbari Baksa Udalguri Darrang Morigaon Karbi Anglong West Dima Hasao Kamrup Metropolitan Nagaon Hojai Cachar Hailakandi Karimganj Karbi Anglong Sonitpur Golaghat Biswanath Majuli Lakhimpur Dhemaji Dibrugarh Tinsukia Charaideo Sivasagar Jorhat MEGHALAYA TRIPURA MIZORAM MANIPUR NAGALAND ARUNACHAL PARDESH MYANMAR WEST BENGAL BHUTAN CHINA BANGLADESH
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Assam Location Map Assam District Map Assam Tehsil Map Assam Cities Map
Assam Location MapAssam District MapAssam Tehsil MapAssam Cities Map
Assam Road Network Map Assam Rail Network Map Assam Physical Map Assam Travel Map
Assam Road Network
Assam Rail Network
Assam Physical MapAssam Travel Map

Assam, is the biggest and most accessible a north-eastern state of India bounded by West Bengal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. The state is synonymous with astounding natural beauty, brimming with wildlife, and immaculate tea gardens. has The picturesque landscape of Assam is framed in the north by the blue mountains of Arunachal and , the highlands of Meghalaya and Nagaland in the south. Dispur as is its capital city. Assamese is the state language of Assam. As per the 2011 census, the population of Assam is approximately 3.12 Crores.

The Physiography of Assam can be divided into; the Karbi or Meghalaya plateau, hills of North Cachar and Barali range and the plain of Brahmaputra and Barak valley. The state has an impressive forest cover of 35% and hectares under rice and tea cultivation adding to the greenery. The elongated valley of River Brahmaputra occupies its northern part. This is also Assam's most populated area. The Brahmaputra becomes a braided river on entering Assam; (more than 16 km wide), with its tributaries that create a massive flood plain. It is called the 'Life-line of Aasam'.

Assam is a globally recognised biodiversity hot-spot. It has 20 wild life sanctuaries and 5 National Parks that include the Manas and Kaziranga - UNESCO world Heritage sites. The great Indian one-horned rhinoceros is one of the denizens here.

It is divided into 33 districts, headed by the Deputy Commissioner (DC), who combines the offices of the District Magistrate too. He is an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service, is responsible for collection of the revenue and is assisted by a number of officials belonging to different wings of the state administrative services. The responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues is is entrusted to the superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to Indian Police Service.

The 33 Districts of Assam as on 2016 are: Biswanath, Baksa, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Cachar, Charaideo, Chirang, Dhubri, Dima Hassao, Dibrugarh, Dhemaji, Darrang, Goalpara, . Golaghat, Hailakandi, Hojai, Jorhat, Karbi Anglong East, Karbi Anglong West, Karimganj, Kamrup Metro, Kamrup, Kamrup, Kokrajhar, Lakhimpur, Majuli, Morigaon, Nagaon, Nalbari, Sivasagar, Sonitpur, South Salmara-Mankachar, Tinsukia, Udalguri.

. Reference to ancient Assam, known as Pragjyotisha, is found in the epics Ramayan and Mahabharat. It was the Ahom dynasty which ruled the region uninterrupted for more than 600 years and managed to keep Assam region independent from the muslin invaders and Mughals, In 1824, the British entered Assam as tea planters. This was the starting point of the destruction of Ahom dynasty.

Society and Culture:

Assam is a multi-etnicethnic society and a meeting ground of diverse cultures , an intermix of various races - Aryan, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, Mongoloid.. The natives of Assam are known as "Asomiya" or Assamese. The state has a large number of tribes, like Bodo, Kachari, Karbi, Miri, Mishimi, Rabha, etc. each has its own language, unique traditions, culture, dress and way of life. Forty Five different languages are spoken by various communities of Assam. The flora, fauna, wildlife and rivers of Assam have great natural beauty to offer to tourists. Majority of the Assamese are Hindu, Vaishnavas and worship Lord Vishnu. Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam etc. are also practiced here. Bihu is the national festival of Assam and is celebrated with great pomp and grandeur by all irrespective of caste, creed or religion. Assamese woman take pride in weaving which is the most practiced traditional craft. Men are mostly craftsmen, potters, and artisans of wood, ivory, cane and bamboo.


The main occupation is Agriculture and farming. Rice, pulses, jute, tea, cotton, oilseeds, areca nut etc. are grown here. The economy runs on revenue from timber, tourism, and tea, which is an excellent cash crop. Silk production and weaving also contributes to the state's economy. There are also many lodging facilities and hotels. ItAssam is also famous for its finest and some of the most expensive teas in the world.

It is also an important producer of natural gas and crude oil. Real estate and Tourism also lends their its share in its economy.


The state owned Assam State Transport Corporation or ASTC is the corporation which provides bus services within Assam and adjoining states. It operates a fleet of 585 buses. Hi-Tech semi and mini deluxe bus services operates in the city and rural areas and Hi-Tech Luxury (AC/Non AC) buses on long distances.

Assam falls into the Northeast Frontier Railway zone (NFR) with its headquarters in Maligaon, Guwahati. The NFR is further divided into Alipurduar, Katihar, Lumding, Rangiya and Tinsukia divisions.

Assam being the major gateway to northeast India has six airports. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport of Guwahati serves international destinations. Mohanbari Airport, Lilabari Airport, Salonibari Airport, Rowriah Airport and Kumbhirgram Airport serve as domestic airports.

Assam / Asom State Information 
Date of formation1912 (Assam Province - British India), 15 August 1947
GovernorJagdish Mukhi
Chief MinisterShri Sarbananda Sonowal
Tourist attractionsKamakhya temple, Umananda (Peacock Island), Navagraha (temple of nine planets), Basistha Ashram, Dolgobinda
FestivalsBihu, Sivaratri Mela, Baishagu
Major dance and music formsBihu
Arts and craftsJappi (traditional hat), toys made of clay, cork, wood and bamboo. Satras or monasteries to preserve art and culture.
LanguagesAssamese, Bodo, Karbi, Bengali
Size78,438 sq. kin
Population (Census 2011)31,205,576 (Census 2011)
RiversBrahmaputra, Manas, Subansiri, Sonai
Forests and wildlife sanctuariesKaziranga NP, Manas NP, Orang Sanctuary
State animalOne-horned rhinoceros
State birdWhite winged wood duck
State flowerFoxtail orchid
State treeHollong
Major cropsRice, jute, tea
FactoidsTezpur was called the 'city of blood' after a mythical battle between Shiv and Vishnu filled it with blood.
No. of District33

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Last Updated on : July 09,2020