2014 saw a total of 13,28,970 students register for the Class X CBSE Board examination, an increase of 5.54% over 2013. Of this 7,93,940 were boys and 5,35,030 were girls. 12,871 schools participated in the CBSE Examinations while the Board examinations were conducted in 3,253 locations.
Of these, 605 were local centers, 66 were international, and 8 centers were dedicated for special-category students, including the blind students. A total of 452 were visually impaired, 788 were dyslexics, 232 were speech and hearing impaired, 1,527 were physically challenged, 161 were spastic, while 20 were autistic.
The students must be relieved after the stress and pressure that they go through in the run up to the examinations. The competition of getting into the academic stream of their choice makes the parents and family raise the expectation bar on the poor young student.
Unfortunately, given the commercialisation of private schooling in India, all schools are in the race to announce their overall results of students attaining top results.
Each year, debate is stirred on the relevance of the Indian school education system that encourages memorisation more that conceptual understanding and application. The system does not really encourage the student to indulge in creative experimentation or application. This year, the CBSE has taken a new approach to the question paper. It is believed to encourage concept application over rote learning and the results will show the impact of this new system.
The Board has followed the grade system of evaluation for some years now. As per the CBSE, awarding of grades is based on the following criteria:
- Assessment of theory / practical papers in external subjects shall be numerical scores. In addition to the numerical scores, the Board shall indicate Grades in the mark sheet issued to the candidate in case of subjects of external examinations. In case of internal assessment subjects only grades shall be shown
- Letter grades on a nine-point scale shall be used for subjects of external examinations. However, for subjects of internal examination in Class X the assessment shall be made on a five point scale i.e. A, B, C, D & E.
- The grades shall be derived from scores in case of subjects of external examination. In case of subjects of internal assessment, they shall be awarded by the schools.
- The qualifying marks in each subject of external examination shall be 33% at Secondary/Senior School Certificate Examinations. However, at Senior School Certificate Examination, in a subject involving practical work, a candidate must obtain 33% marks in the theory and 33% marks in the practical separately in addition to 33% marks in aggregate, in order to qualify in that subject.
For awarding the grades, the Board put all the passed students in a rank order and award grades as follows:
- A-1 Top 1/8th of the passed candidates
- A-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
- B-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
- B-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
- C-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
- C-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
- D-1 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
- D-2 Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
- E Failed candidates
Under the CBSE system, there are around 12 million students in 8,979 schools. These include the central government-sponsored 897 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 480 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, 1,761 government schools, 14 Central Tibetan Schools and 5,827 independent schools.
The ICSE system is also growing in India and competes for student acquisition with the CBSE, though it is much smaller in school affiliation.
It will be interesting to see the comparative results of both the systems for 2014.