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Solar Energy in India – Pros, Cons and the Future

Published on: July 30, 2014 | Updated on: February 11, 2017

Solar energy in India

India, a rapidly growing economy with more than 1 billion people, is facing a huge energy demand. The country stands fifth in the world in the production and consumption of electricity. The electricity production has expanded over the years but we cannot deny the fact that the population of the country is also expanding. The power produced in the country is mostly from coal (53%) and it is predicted that country’s coal reserves won’t last beyond 2040-50. More than 72% population living in villages and half of the villages remain without electricity. It’s high time that our country should concentrate more on energy efficiency, conservation and renewable energy. To meet this surging demand, solar energy is the best form of energy to fulfill the energy needs of India and bridge the energy demand-supply gap.

Solar Energy in India

India has tremendous scope of generating solar energy. The geographical location of the country stands to its benefit for generating solar energy. The reason being India is a tropical country and it receives solar radiation almost throughout the year, which amounts to 3,000 hours of sunshine. This is equal to more than 5,000 trillion kWh. Almost all parts of India receive 4-7 kWh of solar radiation per sq metres. This is equivalent to 2,300–3,200 sunshine hours per year. States like Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, and West Bengal have great potential for tapping solar energy due to their location. Since majority of the population lives in rural areas, there is much scope for solar energy being promoted in these areas. Use of solar energy can reduce the use of firewood and dung cakes by rural household.

Advantages of  Solar Energy in India

Some of the advantages of solar energy which makes it all the more suitable for India are as follows:

  • This is an inexhaustible source of energy and the best replacement to other non-renewable energies in India.
  • Solar energy is environment friendly. When in use, it does not release CO2 and other gases which pollute the air. Hence it is very suitable for India, India being one of the most polluted countries of the world.
  • Solar energy can be used for variety of purposes like as heating, drying, cooking or electricity, which is suitable for the rural areas in India. It can also be used in cars, planes, large power boats, satellites, calculators and many more such items, just apt for the urban population.
  • Solar power is inexhaustible. In an energy deficient country like India, where power generation is costly, solar energy is the best alternate means of power generation.
  • You don’t need a power or gas grid to get solar energy. A solar energy system can be installed anywhere. Solar panels can be easily placed in houses. Hence, it is quite inexpensive compared to other sources of energy.

Disadvantages of  Solar Energy in India

  • We cannot generate energy during the night time with solar energy.
  • And, also during day time, the weather may be cloudy or rainy, with little or no sun radiation. Hence, this makes solar energy panels less reliable as a solution.
  • Only those areas that receive good amount of sunlight are suitable for producing solar energy.
  • Solar panels also require inverters and storage batteries to convert direct electricity to alternating electricity so as to generate electricity. While installing a solar panel is quite cheap, installing other equipments becomes expensive.
  • The land space required to install a solar plant with solar panel is quite large and that land space remains occupied for many years altogether and cannot be used for other purposes.
  • Energy production is quite low compared to other forms of energy.
  • Solar panels require considerable maintenance as they are fragile and can be easily damaged. So extra expenses are incurred as additional insurance costs.

Solar Energy Power in India : Future

In solar energy sector, many large projects have been proposed in India.

  • Thar Desert has some of India’s best solar power projects, estimated to generate 700 to 2,100 GW.
  • On March 1st, 2014, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi, inaugurated at Diken in Neemuch district of Madhya Pradesh, India’s biggest solar power plant.
  • The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) launched by the Centre is targeting 20,000 MW of solar energy power by 2022
  • Gujarat’s pioneering solar power policy aims at 1,000 MW of solar energy generation.
  • In July 2009, a $19 billion solar power plan was unveiled which projected to produce 20 GW of solar power by 2020.
  • About 66 MW is installed for various applications in the rural area, amounting to be used in solar lanterns, street lighting systems and solar water pumps, etc.

India is slowly gaining its prominence in the generation of solar power due to the comprehensive and ambitious state and the Centre’s solar policies and projects and National Solar Mission. In the latest 2014 budget, Finance Minister Jaitley declared that the Government has proposed an amount of 500 crore rupees to develop some mega solar power plants in Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, and Ladakh. He also said that solar power-driven agricultural water pumping stations and 1 MW solar parks on canal banks will be developed in the country at an estimated cost of $74 million and $18.5 million, respectively. Considering all these facts, we do have a bright picture in front of us as India’s potential to be a solar power driven country of the world.


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I am an experienced web content management professional with a sound understanding in website content development, content editing, SEO, and internet research. I love blogging, cooking, listening to music and watching TV. I have a passion for writing on anything that interests me. Married and mother of 2 kids, I enjoy my work and try to maintain a balance between my professional and personal life. Fun loving and God fearing, I take life as it comes.

Comments

Comments
Showing 18 Comments :

what are thematerial use in manufacturing of solar panels?

Reply
Rajesh R Dhayalkar January 14, 2016 at 8:05 pm

Want to know about solar energy

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this information is really good. I am expecting that, this solar system will increased asap in the future. mainly, for vehicles and factories also. then only we are safe on the earth. not only India, but also allover world.

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Solar energy is good,but I want to know is it suitable for ASSAM & adjacent part of Arunachal pradesh

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I want to install solar panel at my home, but I don’t know what consumption in my home n which solar panels suitable for me and I want to know how expensive to install solar panel,
I have 2bhk flat, which consump 4 tube lite 40w,
4 fans, 1Refrigerator, 1 washing machine, 3A.C

Reply

interesting ti known by every one

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all should apply this process at thier home

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good article.but i wanted to know the scope of solar energy in assam.

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sudhir chavaj July 10, 2015 at 7:06 pm

Thanks. For for information

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Need all quotations regarding solar pv cells and solar panel

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Solar energy is one of the best example of clean energy. It is spreading its foot across India. Thanks for sharing this post. Quite informative. Hartek Power Pvt. Ltd. also known for solar energy plant establishment across PAN India. Recently have completed 10 MW solar plant in Karnataka.

Reply

Solar Energy Power in India : Future

In solar energy sector, many large projects have been proposed in India.

Thar Desert has some of India’s best solar power projects, estimated to generate 700 to 2,100 GW.
On March 1st, 2014, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi, inaugurated at Diken in Neemuch district of Madhya Pradesh, India’s biggest solar power plant.
The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) launched by the Centre is targeting 20,000 MW of solar energy power by 2022
Gujarat’s pioneering solar power policy aims at 1,000 MW of solar energy generation.
In July 2009, a $19 billion solar power plan was unveiled which projected to produce 20 GW of solar power by 2020.
About 66 MW is installed for various applications in the rural area, amounting to be used in solar lanterns, street lighting systems and solar water pumps, etc.
India is slowly gaining its prominence in the generation of solar power due to the comprehensive and ambitious state and the Centre’s solar policies and projects and National Solar Mission. In the latest 2014 budget, Finance Minister Jaitley declared that the Government has proposed an amount of 500 crore rupees to develop some mega solar power plants in Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, and Ladakh. He also said that solar power-driven agricultural water pumping stations and 1 MW solar parks on canal banks will be developed in the country at an estimated cost of $74 million and $18.5 million, respectively. Considering all these facts, we do have a bright picture in front of us as India’s potential to be a solar power driven country of the world.

Reply

update knowledge

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Seems like India is going on the long run to power itself with most cleanest pollution free source of Energy. U really have given detailed and clean info about it. Commendable…..!!

Reply

congratulations. fair assessment and articulate – mostly, easy to understand for general readers. however, these are not as delicate as you have mentioned – and not as expensive as these have a life of 25 years and only requires routine cleaning with water (frequency depending on area dustiness). Except the cost of battery replacement (even with that its still cheaper than monthly bills which are only expected to keep increasing as fossil fuels became expensive. Besides, with rooftop policy. distributed generation would bring down transmission losses and theft improving the delivery and performance of the power generated. Average losses in India are about 15-18% and some states 30%. Importantly, is savings in fuel imports (substituting kerosene), and improved health (from kerosene burning fumes in homes from cooking and lighting equipment)… these benefits far outweigh the perceived weakness/limitation using clean/renewable energy. Most important, free sunlight can be used anywhere independent of transmission lines.

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I agree with your thoughts and the advantages and disadvantages you have posted. But I think we should see the brighter side of this solar power as we know that there are many people in India that are not getting electricity in their homes and on the other hand India is rich in solar energy so why not use this renewable and pollution free energy to generate electricity and fulfill the needs of people. There are many companies like RaysExperts who consults and executes large solar power plants in India. We should help them in any way we can and provide them as many resources as possible so that to save our

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